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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čūKa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grass
Russian meaning: трава
Evenki: čūka
Even: čūk
Negidal: čōxa
Solon: čuka
Comments: ТМС 2, 411.
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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯ṑk`e ( ~ -k-)
Meaning: grass, weed
Russian meaning: трава, сорняк
Turkic: *čekin
Tungus-Manchu: *čūKa
Korean: *soksăi
Japanese: *tùkúsi
Comments: Mong. čike-n in names of plants may be a merger of this root and *č`ĭk`a q. v. Kor. soksăi 'horse-tail' is hard to separate from Jpn. tukusi id.; most probably we are dealing with an assimilation here (soksăi < *čoksăi).
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čekin
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: different weed kinds
Russian meaning: различные виды сорных трав
Karakhanid: čikin / čekin 'a plant growing among the vines and eaten by cattle' (MK)
Tatar: čɛkɛn 'corn cob' (< Chuv.?)
Middle Turkic: čekin 'greens, grass; a weed on rice fields, with black seeds and sharp awns' (Pav. C., Sangl.), čekil-dam 'tulip bulb; a root similar to wild garlic' (Pav. C., for dam cf. Uzb. dam 'pungency, bitterness' < Pers.)
Uzbek: čakalak 'bush thicket' (or perhaps to PT *čeke-t?)
Khakassian: sǝgen 'dry grass'
Chuvash: čakan 'reedmace'
Kirghiz: čeken 'рогоз широколистый'
Bashkir: sɛkɛn 'corn cob' ( < Chuv.?)
Karakalpak: šigin 'weed growing on rice fields, куриное просо', šigildik 'reed'
Comments: VEWT 111, EDT 415, Рас. ФиЛ 277, Егоров 316. Chuv. čakan, despite Дмитриева 1997, 52-53 and Róna-Tas, is not connected with *jeken 'reed' (v. sub *dék`à). Cf. other grass names: Chuv. čiken kurъkǝ 'geranium' (according to Ашм., grass helping from colics - Дмитриева 1997, 56); śikka kurъkǝ 'camomile' (according to Ашм. it hosts a plantlouse, to summon which the children say "śikka!" - Дмитриева 1988, 51); Uygh. čigä 'plant fibre, wild hemp (VEWT), Yak. sige 'тальниковые стружки, лыко'. Tuva sigen 'hay' (Tuva), (Tof. 'grass') has an irregular s-, so perhaps should be regarded as borrowed from Khak.
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *sok-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: horse-tail
Russian meaning: хвощ
Modern Korean: soksä
Middle Korean: soksai, soksăi
Comments: Liu 464, KED 983.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tùkúsi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: horse-tail
Russian meaning: хвощ
Tokyo: tsùkushi
Kyoto: tsùkúshì
Kagoshima: tsukushí
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