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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *tüsi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to assist, help, rely on
Russian meaning: помогать, полагаться на
Written Mongolian: tüsi- (L 856)
Middle Mongolian: tüši- 'belehnen' (HYt)
Khalkha: tüši-
Kalmuck: tüš-
Ordos: düši-
Comments: KW 417, TMN 1, 269.

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`i̯ŏ̀so
Meaning: help, benefit
Russian meaning: помощь, польза
Turkic: *Tus-
Mongolian: *tüsi-
Tungus-Manchu: *tisū-
Korean: *thas
Japanese: *tàsùka-
Comments: Within Jpn. the form is analysed as a compound *ta 'hand' + *suka- 'help', which is probably a folk etymology in view of the external evidence; cf. especially Kor. thas which points to *tasVh- = Jpn. *tàsùkà-. Not quite clear is the position of several forms: WMong. tos- 'to receive, encounter' (maybe, following Clark 1980, 41 < Turk. *dūĺ- 'to meet' - although the latter is certainly borrowed as WMong. tus- 'to hit upon, fall to one's share', so this would be a somewhat unusual etymological doublet); Manchu tusu- 'to marry, celebrate marriage' (could be a Mong. loanword, but the semantics is strikingly different). Finally there is MKor. tā̆sk- 'to love, like'. This evidence suggests a possibility of a separate PA root *t`oso (*t`osu) 'to present to the guest, to celebrate'; but a possibility of later interdialectal loans of the reflexes of *t`i̯ŏ̀so should also be considered.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Tus-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 profit, benefit 2 to be profitable
Russian meaning: 1 выгода 2 быть выгодным
Old Turkic: tusu 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tusu 1 (MK), tus- 2, tusuɣluɣ 'good service' (KB)
Khakassian: tuza
Oyrat: tuza
Yakut: tuha
Dolgan: tuha-lā- 'be helpful', tuhan- 'use'
Tuva: duza
Comments: VEWT 501, Stachowski 230. Turk. > MMong. (MA) tusa, WMong. tusa 'help, service' (see Clark 1977, 157, Щербак 1997, 159; not vice versa, despite Sinor 1970), whence Man. tusa etc., see Doerfer MT 100, and possibly some modern Turkic forms as backloans.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tisū-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to clear the way for a caravan; help a child learn to walk 2 to drive deer
Russian meaning: 1 расчищать путь для каравана; учить ребенка ходить 2 гнать оленей
Evenki: tisū- 1
Even: tịsъ̣sъ̣n- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 188-189.

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *thas
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reason; trust
Russian meaning: причина; доверие
Modern Korean: that [thas] 'reason; fault'
Middle Korean: thas
Comments: Liu 712, KED 1694.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tàsùka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to help
Russian meaning: помогать
Old Japanese: tasuka-
Middle Japanese: tàsùka-
Tokyo: tasuké-
Kyoto: tásúké-
Kagoshima: tàsùkè-
Comments: JLTT 764.

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