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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *suwnag
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: column of smoke
Russian meaning: столб дыма
Written Mongolian: suɣunaɣ, suunaɣ (L 735)
Khalkha: sūnag
Buriat: hūnagta- 'to stretch, extend (of smoke)'
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *saŋu(ńV) ( ~ z-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: smoke
Russian meaning: дым
Mongolian: *suwnag
Tungus-Manchu: *saŋńan
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *saŋńan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: smoke
Russian meaning: дым
Evenki: saŋńan
Even: hāń
Negidal: saŋńan
Spoken Manchu: šiaŋǝn (491)
Literary Manchu: šaŋǵan
Jurchen: ĉaŋ-gian (619)
Ulcha: saŋńa(n)
Orok: saŋna(n)
Nanai: saŋńa(n)
Oroch: saŋńa(n)
Udighe: saŋńa(n)
Solon: saŋa
Comments: ТМС 2, 63.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sun(g)V
Meaning: smell
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: (*sneu-)
Altaic: *saŋu(ńV) ( ~ z-) [Cf. also Mong. siŋsi- 'sniff' ]
Uralic: *śaŋkV (+ Perm. *su/üŋV 'smell'; *säŋe 'air' )
Kartvelian: *św-en- (?) (+ Georg. sun- 'smell, odour')
References: МССНЯ 342. ND 2080 *s[ü]NV 'breathe, take a rest, be calm' (Kartv. + TM from PA *zìŋke 'light, quiet' + Eg.); 2090 *süŋe 'to smell' (Kartv. + Mong. siŋsi- + Ural.). Cf. *SUNV.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 946
Proto: *śaŋkV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: taste, smell; to taste, smell
German meaning: Geschmack, Geruch; schmecken, riechen
Udmurt (Votyak): (zi̮n (S), zǝ̑ŋ (K), zi̮m (G) 'Geruch, Duft' - rejected by Redei)
Komi (Zyrian): (zi̮n (P) 'Gestank' - rejected by Redei)
Hungarian: szag 'Geruch, Duft', szagol- 'riechen' ?
Selkup: sanga- (Ta. B), haaku-, hāku-, aaku- (N) 'schmecken (tr.)'
Yukaghir parallels: coŋ- 'schmecken, riechen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-ugr,uralet-slk,uralet-yuk,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *św-en-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дышать, вздыхать, отдыхать
English meaning: to breathe, sigh, rest
Georgian: sven-
Megrel: švan-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): раз
Megrel meaning (Eng.): one time
Svan: šwem-, šwm-
Svan meaning (Rus.): отдыхать
Svan meaning (Eng.): to rest
Laz: švan-
Laz meaning (Rus.): дыхание
Laz meaning (Eng.): breath
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 174, EWK 313-314 (объединено с *śwer-, *śur-). Груз. sun- 'запах' Иллич-Свитыч (МССHЯ 342) сопоставляет с урал. *suŋV 'запах'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVNKV
Meaning : smell
Eurasiatic : *śun(g)V
Afroasiatic : *sVn- (+ *sa/in- 180)
Sino-Caucasian : *[s_]HwinṭV
Austric : *cVŋ smell; nose
Amerind (misc.) : *sin 'blow one's nose; nose' (R 75) [+ A K]; *sVm- / *sVn- 'nose, smell' (Penuti, under *c̣imak 'hole' R 376); *sin ~ *sun 'nose' (R 516) [+ A K]
African (misc.) : Cf. Macro-Khoisan *ntha- "nose" (possibly *ncha-).
Reference : МССНЯ 342; ND 2080, 2090; GE 2 (+ Khois., NS, IP, Nahali)
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *sin-
Meaning: nose
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʔa-sa/in- 'nose'
Saho-Afar: *san- 'nose'
Low East Cushitic: *ča/in- 'nose'
High East Cushitic: *san- 'nose'
Dahalo (Sanye): sina 'nose'
Omotic: *sin- 'nose'
Notes: Related to AA 179 *sVn- 'to smell'. Cf. Cush Dullay: Gawwada sinḍe; Omot: Mao šiinṭê, Shin šínṭa, Chaha sinḍa, Male siiḍi, all <*sinṭ- with suffixed *-ṭ of unclear origin.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-agw,afaset-sho,afaset-lec,afaset-hec,afaset-dhl,afaset-omo,afaset-notes,

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Central Cushitic (Agaw) etymology :

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Proto-Agaw: *ʔa-sa/in-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'nose'
Khamir: esiŋ
Khamta: asǝn
Qemant: ǝssan
Awiya (Aungi): isan
agwet-prnum,agwet-meaning,agwet-xmr,agwet-xmt,agwet-kem,agwet-aun,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *san-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'nose'
Saho: san
Afar (Danakil): san
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,shoet-afar,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *ča/in-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'nose'
Somali: san
Oromo (Galla): fuññan
Boni: saŋa
Rendille: sän
Arbore: soonó
Dasenech (Geleba): sɔ6nɔ
Konso: soona
Bussa: sino
Gidole (Dirasha): sina
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-oro,lecet-bon,lecet-rnd,lecet-arb,lecet-gel,lecet-kon,lecet-bus,lecet-gdl,

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High East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-High East Cushitic: *san-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'nose'
Sidamo: sano
Darasa (Gedeo): sano
Hadiya (Gudella): sane
Alaba: sano
Burji (Bambala, Dashe): sanna
Kambatta: sane
Tembaro: sana
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-sid,hecet-dar,hecet-had,hecet-ala,hecet-bmb,hecet-kmb,hecet-tmb,

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Dahalo etymology :

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Dahalo: sina
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'nose'
dhlet-prnum,dhlet-meaning,

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Omotic etymology :

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Proto-Omotic: *sin- Cf. 54 *sinṭ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'nose'
Ometo: siŋan
Gimirra (Benesho, She): sǝn
Nao: sin-us
Dizi (Maji): sinu
Notes: Dizi sin/ŋ, Ongota siina
omoet-prnum,omoet-meaning,omoet-ome,omoet-gim,omoet-nao,omoet-maj,omoet-notes,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *sHwínṭV
Meaning: sniff, snuff
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *s_HwinṭV
Sino-Tibetan: *chūt
Basque: *Sunda
Comments and references : Perhaps derived from *s_HwinV, reflected in Hurr. šūnǝ `breath', PST *suŋ ( ~ ch-) `smell' and Bur. *ṣiŋ `breath; blowing nose'. See NSC 61 *sunV. Cf. PAN *maŋsit 'odor, stench, vile smell'; Bsq. *śudur̄ 'nose' (70).
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *s_HwinṭV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: snuff, smell; snot
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *s:ʷinṭV
Proto-Lezghian: *s:ʷiInṭ
Notes: The word was widely borrowed from Av. into other languages of Daghestan - probably because in Av. it came to mean 'snuff' (an object of busy trade). However, in Av. and PL the forms are probably genuine (because of phonetic and semantic differences). It is possible that *-ṭV is originally a suffix here (see notes on the Av. form); in that case we can compare Hurr. šūnǝ 'breath, soul, self' (see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 32). [Cf. also Georg. c̣winṭli 'snot' > Bacb. sinṭr id.?].
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *s:ʷinṭV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 snuff 2 to smell
Avar: s:unṭ 1
Chadakolob: sunṭ- 2
Comments: Cf. also Av. s:únṭ-ize 'to smell'. Historically -ṭ may be an expressive suffix; cf. also s:úns:u-di-ze (a reduplicated form) 'to puff', s:ún-χ:i-ze 'to blow one's nose'. Cf. also Kar., God. s:unḳ- 'to smell'.

    Av. > Lak. s:unṭ 'snuff', s:unṭ učin 'to smell' (if these forms were not borrowed, s- would be expected in Lak.), probably also > Arch. s:unṭ-bos 'to smell', Darg. Chir. s:unṭ-ī id.

aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *s:ʷiInṭ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 snot 2 dried snot in nose
Tsakhur: suInṭ 2
Udi: fiIt:-p:un 1
Comment: In Kryz. and Bud. the root has merged with PL *qIomoṭ (q.v.), yielding Kryz., Bud. šimiṭ (although the initial š- is still not clear). 4th class in all class-distinguishing languages.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-cak,lezget-udi,lezget-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *chūt
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: sniff, breathe
Tibetan: sud to cough, to breathe with difficulty.
Kachin: (H) sut, yasut, asut to sniff.
Lushai: sūt to draw into the nose, sniff up.
Comments: Cf. *s[ĭ]t.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-comments,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *sunda
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 odor, stench 2 sniff(ing), smell(ing) 3 burnt (smell and taste)
Bizkaian: sunda 1, (Txorierri) zunda 1, (Arratia, Gernika, Markina) gar-zunda 3
Comments: The probable PEC cognate is *sHwinṭV ‘snuff, smell, snot’, to which we would expect Bsq *sund-. Note that /s/ and /ś/ have merged in most of BZK. Azkue cites the compounds lizun-sunda 'moldy smell' (as in a long-closed room), izerdi-sunda 'odor of sweat', zunda dabil 's/he goes about sniffing'.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-comments,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *ʒVŋ
Meaning: nose, smell
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: cVŋ
Austroasiatic meaning: smell
Miao-Yao parallels: Miao tsinyu 'nose', Yao (pu-)tsoN
Proto-Austronesian: *e(n)juŋ
Austronesian meaning: nose
Proto-Thai: cun.A strong smell CK
References: GE 2 (with more material)
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-myao,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,austr-bibl,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: cVŋ
Meaning: smell
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: cun.A strong smell CK
Proto-Katuic: *sɔ:ŋ
Proto-Monic: M chuŋ, juŋ
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-mon,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *sɔ:ŋ
Meaning: odour of urine
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *sɔ:ŋ
Proto-East Katuic: PAK sɔ:ŋ
References: P-962
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

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West Katuic etymology :

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Proto-West Katuic: *sɔ:ŋ
Meaning: odour of urine
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru Van Keu: sɔ:ŋ
Bru Van Keu meaning: smell like urine
So: sâ:ŋ.N
So meaning: to stink from urine
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-wpre,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-vkv,wkatet-vkvme,wkatet-so,wkatet-some,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic:
Meaning: odour of urine
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Pakoh: sɔ:ŋ
Pakoh meaning: odour of urine
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-pak,ekatet-pakme,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong:
Meaning: smell of urine
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-Ruc: *sɔ:ŋ.3
Ruc (Ferlus' rec.): sɔ:ŋ.5
Ruc meaning: smell of urine
References: NTF59
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-prru,vimet-rntf,vimet-rucme,vimet-bib,

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