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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ama-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: valley
Russian meaning: падь, долина
Written Mongolian: ama(n)
Middle Mongolian: ama-sar 'mountain fold' (SH)
Khalkha: am(an)
Kalmuck: amn
Ordos: ama(n)
Comments: KW 9. Should be distinguished from *ama-n 'mouth'.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ā̀mú
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: river, valley
Russian meaning: река, долина
Mongolian: *ama-n
Tungus-Manchu: *āmu-
Korean: *omi
Japanese: *ùmí
Comments: Cf. Amu-Darya in Turk.; Oyr. Umar 'big river (Ob').?
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *āmu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 lake 2 river
Russian meaning: 1 озеро 2 река
Evenki: āmut 1
Even: amar, āmār 2
Negidal: amụt 1
Spoken Manchu: omǝ 1 (2082)
Literary Manchu: omo 1
Jurchen: omo (45) 1
Nanai: amoã 1
Oroch: amu 1
Udighe: amuli 'name of a river' (Корм. 207)
Solon: amụǯi 1, amur 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 40. Man. > Oroch, Ul. omo, Orok omō id.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *omi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: land sink, pool
Russian meaning: впадина (заполненная водой), лужа
Modern Korean: omi
Comments: KED 1200.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ùmí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sea
Russian meaning: море
Old Japanese: umji
Middle Japanese: ùmí
Tokyo: úmi
Kyoto: ùmí
Kagoshima: umí
Comments: JLTT 562.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *jamV
Meaning: sea
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ā̀mú
Uralic: Sam. jamV
Dravidian: *am-
Eskimo-Aleut: *ima
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *jemǝ-ɫqǝ-n 'болото, мокрая тундра'
References: МССНЯ 349, ОСНЯ 1, 279-280; ND 2632 *yamV 'body of water' (Ur., Drav. + Sem.; rest of SH may reflect also *mVwHV).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *ā̆m-
Meaning : water
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *ā̆m-
Proto-North Dravidian : *am
Notes : A NDR-Tamil isogloss, possibly archaic in the light of external comparison; in any case, borrowing from Old Indian ámbu-, ámbhas- 'water' is quite unlikely (inlaut -mb- would not be simplified in Dravidian). // Present in 2/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *ā̆m-
Meaning : water
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : am, ām
Tamil meaning : water
Tamil derivates : amm-en_al onom. expr. of filling or overflowing, as of water
Number in DED : 0187
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *am
Meaning : water, urine, dropsy
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : amm
Malto : amu
Additional forms : Also MLT am-amre to water (as the mouth); amsro waterish.
Number in DED : 187
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *ima-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sea, ocean
Russian meaning: море, океан
Proto-Yupik: *ima-
Proto-Inupik: *ima-
Comments: Cf. *imaʁ(u)- 'to be wet, to melt'.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 130
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-newcom,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *ima-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: sea, ocean
Russian Meaning: море, океан
Sirenik: ímǝχ (-ʁ-)
Chaplino: imáq (t)
Naukan: imáq
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: imaq
Chugach (Birket-Smith): imaq
Central Alaskan Yupik: imạq
PAME: *ima- 'salt water'
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-pame,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ịmạ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: sea, ocean 1, lake 2, water not fo drinking 3
Russian meaning: море, океан 1, озеро 2, непитьевая вода 3
Seward Peninsula Inupik: imaq 1
SPI Dialects: Imaq ímaq 1, W imaq* 1
North Alaskan Inupik: imaq 1, 2, 3
NAI Dialects: B imaq* 1, Ingl imma* 3sg. 1
Western Canadian Inupik: imaq 3
WCI Dialects: Cor, M imaq* 1
Eastern Canadian Inupik: imaq 3, 1
Greenlandic Inupik: imaq (imaq*) 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 130, 131
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : JVMV
Meaning : sea, water
Eurasiatic : *jamV
Afroasiatic : *ham-
Austric : PAA *ʔVm, MY *ʔvom water, Tai ʔam wet
Amerind (misc.) : *jume 'water' (GE 78)
Reference : GE 78 *yami.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ham-
Meaning: flow, water
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *hVmVw/y- 'pour'
Berber: *Ham-an (pl.) 'water'
Western Chadic: *ham- 'water'
East Chadic: *ʔam-'water' 1 , 'rain' 2
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 698
Proto-Semitic: *hVmVw/y-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'pour'
Arabic: hmw, hmy [-i-, -u-]
Notes: Denominative verb based on *hVm-
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,semet-notes,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *Ham-an (pl.)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'water'
Ghadames: ama-n
Siwa: ama-n (pl.)
Ghat: ama-n
Ayr: ama-n
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): âma-n
Tawllemmet: ama-n
Taneslemt: ama-n
Zenaga: ama-n
Semlal: ama-n
Ntifa: ama-n
Izdeg: ama-n
Izayan: ama-n
Rif: ama-n
Mzab: ama-n
Wargla: ama-n
Shenwa: ama-n
Shawiya: ama-n
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): ama-n
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ghd,brbet-siw,brbet-ght,brbet-ayr,brbet-ahg,brbet-twl,brbet-tsl,brbet-zng,brbet-sml,brbet-ntf,brbet-izd,brbet-izy,brbet-rif,brbet-mzb,brbet-wrg,brbet-shn,brbet-sha,brbet-qbl,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *ham-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'water'
Mupun: àm [FrM]
Sura: àm [JgS]
Angas: am [Fl]
Montol: hàm [LgC]
Ankwe=Goemai: ham [Fp]
Gerke=Yiwom: ɣàm [JgC]
Bolewa: ʔàmmá [ShV] (pl.)
Karekare: àmù [ShV]
Tangale: am [JgT]
Ngamo: hàm [ShV]
Maha: amma [NmM]
Bele: àmmá [ShB]
Kifri=Giwo: àmmá [ShB]
Gera: hàmá [ShB]
Galambu: àmá [ShB]
Geruma: àmmá [ShB]
Fyer: ham {JgR]
Bokos: ham {JgR]
Sha: ham {JgR]
Kulere: ʔàam {JgR]
Ngizim: âm [ShN]
Bade: am-un [CLR: 340]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-gwn,wchet-sur,wchet-ang,wchet-mnt,wchet-ank,wchet-grk,wchet-bol,wchet-krk,wchet-tng,wchet-ngm,wchet-mah,wchet-bel,wchet-krf,wchet-ger,wchet-glm,wchet-grm,wchet-fyr,wchet-bks,wchet-sha,wchet-klr,wchet-ngz,wchet-bad,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *ʔam-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'water' 1, 'rain' 2
Lele: kāmā [CLR: 341]
Kabalai: ka-amǝ̀ [CLR: 341]
Kwang: kà-ām, ká-ám [CLR: 341]
Migama: àmmì pl. [JMig]
Jegu: ʔám [CLR: 341]
Bidiya: ʔàmay coll. 1, 2 [JBid]
Mubi: àamé, ʔàm [CLR: 341]
Birgit: ʔà̀mì [CLR: 341]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-lle,echet-kbl,echet-kwn,echet-mig,echet-jeg,echet-bid,echet-mub,echet-brg,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *ʔVm
Meaning: water, wet
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: ʔVm
Austroasiatic meaning: water
Miao-Yao parallels: MY ʔvom.A
Proto-Thai: ʔam.A wet CK
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-myao,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: ʔVm
Meaning: water
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: ʔam.A wet CK
Proto-Palaungic: *ʔɔ:m, r-
Proto-Khmu: *ʔom
Khasi: um water
Proto-Aslian: *tɔm
References: Kh 796
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-pawa,aaet-kmu,aaet-khasi,aaet-asli,aaet-bib,

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Palaung-Wa etymology :

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Proto-Palaung-Wa: *rVʔ
Meaning: to sing
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-Wa: Pr rhaʔ
pawaet-meaning,pawaet-prnum,pawaet-prwa,

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Aslian etymology :

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Proto-Aslian: *tɔm
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Meaning: water
Semoq Beri: tɔm
Jah-Hut: tɔm
asliet-prnum,asliet-meaning,asliet-ber,asliet-jah,

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