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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *daɣus-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to finish
Russian meaning: кончать
Written Mongolian: daɣus- (L 220)
Middle Mongolian: da'us- (SH), duson 'complete' (IM), dawus- (MA)
Khalkha: dūsa-, dūla-
Buriat: dūha-, dūda-
Kalmuck: dūs-
Ordos: dūs-
Dagur: dausa- (Тод. Даг. 135)
Shary-Yoghur: dūs-
Comments: KW 104, MGCD 233.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *túbù ( ~ -o-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: end, edge
Russian meaning: конец, край
Mongolian: *daɣus-
Tungus-Manchu: *dubē
Korean: *tūih
Japanese: *túpí
Comments: SKE 275-276, АПиПЯЯ 71, Дыбо 12. Cf. perhaps Karakh. (MK) tuvur- 'to prick (ears)'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dubē
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: end
Russian meaning: конец, край
Evenki: duwē
Even: duwet
Negidal: duwe
Spoken Manchu: duwe, duwu 'tip, point, end' (2604)
Literary Manchu: dube
Ulcha: duwe
Orok: duwe
Nanai: due
Udighe: due
Comments: ТМС 1, 218. TM > Dag. duwē (Тод. Даг. 137).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tūih
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: behind, back, North
Russian meaning: зад, спина, север, конец
Modern Korean: twī
Middle Korean: tūi (tūih-)
Comments: Nam 168, KED 512.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *túpí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: finish
Russian meaning: конец, в конце
Old Japanese: tupji
Middle Japanese: túfí
Tokyo: tsúi(-ni)
Kyoto: tsúi(-ni)
Kagoshima: tsuí(-ni)
Comments: JLTT 554. Modern accentuation is not quite clear (probably due to the adverbial status of the word).
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṭubV
Meaning: deep
Indo-European: *dheub-
Altaic: *tubu ( ~ -o-) (+*tūp`e ( ~ *ti̯ūp`i, *č-) 2282) [+ Turk. *tupa 'deep place'?]
Uralic: *towV
Kartvelian: *ṭab- [+ *dube 349]; Georg. ṭbor- 'unter Wasser setzen'
Dravidian: *tuv- (*-o-)
Comments: Cf. *tVbV.
References: МССНЯ 336; ND 2324 *ṭubʕV 'lake', 2326 *ṭübʕa 'deep' (indeed probably more than one root); 2328 *ṭVbV[L]V 'to dip in, immerse' (Georg. + Sem.); 2401 *ṭU[pʕ]V 'to plunge, immerse' (+ Sem.; but IE *tep- hardly here).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dheub-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: deep
Slavic: *dъbrь; *dъno
Baltic: *daub-ā̂ f., *daub-ur-ā̂ f., *dub- vb. intr., *dub-ur-a- c.; *dō̂b- vb. tr., *dōb-ā̂, *dōb-iā̃ f.,
Germanic: *diup-a- adj.
Celtic: Gaul dubno-, dumno- `Welt' (Dubno-rīx); OIr domain, fu-dumain `tief'; Cymr dwfn `tief', Corn down `tief', Bret doun `tief'
Russ. meaning: глубокий
References: WP I 847 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: дно,
Near etymology: род. п. дна, уменьш. до́нце (*дъньце), укр. дно, цслав. дъно, болг. дъ́но (Младенов 156), сербохорв. дно̏, словен. dnò, чеш., слвц., польск., в.-луж., н.-луж. dno. Производное: бездо́нный.
Further etymology: Праслав. *dъno из *dъbno, ср. лит. dubùs "глубокий", dùbti "погружаться", daubà "овраг", лтш. daũba -- то же, dubt "погружаться", dubens "дно", также dibens, dibins "дно, глубь", др.-прусск. padaubis "долина", гот. diups "глубокий", нов.-в.-н. tief -- то же, кимр. dwfn -- то же, вероятно, и лит. dùgnas "дно"; см. М. -- Э. 1, 443, 465; 3, 509; Бернекер 1, 245 и сл.; Траутман, BSW 45 и сл. Далее, см. дебрь.
Trubachev's comments: [Зубатый ("Studie а články" I, 1, стр. 289) и вслед за ним Махек (Etym. slovn., стр. 90) объясняют слав. dъno <dъbno как метатезу *bъdno, родственного нем. Boden, греч. πυθμήν. - -- Т.]
Pages: 1,519
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *daub-ā̂ f., *daub-ur-ā̂ f., *dub- vb. intr., *dub-ur-a- c.; *dō̂b- vb. tr., *dōb-ā̂, *dōb-iā̃ f.,
Meaning: deep; ground; sink
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: dùbti `sich senken, sich höhlen, hohl werden', dúobti `aushöhlen, (einen Weg) ausfahren', dubùs `eingesunken, tief, hohl', dùburas `Einsenkung, Vertiefung, Grube, mit Wasser gefülltes Loch'; duobà `Höhlung im Baumstamm', duobē̃ `Grube, Loch'; daubà `Schlucht', dauburà `Talkessel'; dùgnas `Boden, Grund'
Lettish: dubęns (gen. dubęna), dubens (gen.-s) (Westkurland), dibęns, dibins ( gen. -na, -s, -n̨a), dibans, dibuns (Bolwen) `Grund, Boden, Tiefe; innerste od. hinterste Teil eines Raumes; der Hintere'; dubt (dubu, dubu) `einsinken, einfallen, hohl werden'; dubra 'Sumpf, Moor', pl. dubras 'ausgefahrene Grüfte auf Wegen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *diupa-
Meaning: deep
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *diup-s (a) `deep'
Old Norse: djūp-r `tief'
Norwegian: djup
Swedish: djup
Danish: düb
Old English: dēop (dīop) `deep, profound; stern, awful, solemn'; dēop (dīop, dǖp), -es, dǖpe, -an f. `deepth, the deep, abyss'
English: deep
Old Frisian: diāp
Old Saxon: diop, { diap }
Middle Dutch: diep
Dutch: diep
Middle Low German: dēp
Old High German: tiof (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: tief, tiuf 'weit, weitläufig; weit herabhangend, lang; breit; tief'
German: tief
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 414
Root: dheu-b-, dheu-p-
English meaning: deep
German meaning: `tief, hohl'
Derivatives: dhumb- `Erdvertiefung' (mit Wasser gefüllt)
Material: Formen auf -b:

    gr. βυθός, ion. βυσσός m. `Tiefe (des Meeres)', wohl umgestellt aus *dhub-;

    nach Jokl (Eberts RL. 13, 286 f.) hierher die thrak. ON Δόβηρος (*dhubēr-), Δέβρη (*dheubrā);

    illyr. δύβρις θάλασσα (Kretschmer Gl. 22, 216), auch in den tosk. FlN Tubra, Drove usw. (Pokorny Urillyrier 99);

    air. domain, fu-dumain, cymr. dwfn, corn. down, bret. doun (d. i. dun) `tief (*dhubni-), gall. dubno-, dumno- `Welt' (Dubno-rīx eig. `Weltkönig'), air. domun ds., acymr. annwf(y)n, ncymr. annwn `das Götter- und Totenreich' (*an-duƀno- eig. `Un-, Außenwelt' wie aisl. ūt-garðr); s. auch unten S. 268 slav. *dъbno;

    got. diups, aisl. diūpr, ags. dēop, as. diop, ahd. tiof `tief'; got. daupjan, ags. dīepan, as. dōpian, ahd. toufen `taufen' (eig. `untertauchen'), aisl. deypa `tauchen'; mit -pp-: norw. duppa `untertauchen' und die j-Bildung, ags. dyppan `tauchen; taufen', ndd. düppen, ahd.tupfen `lavare'; mit gemin. Spirans faer. duffa `schaukeln' (vom Kahn); mit gemin. Media norw. dubba `sich bücken', dobbe `sumpfiges Land' (vgl. Wissmann Nom. postverb. 170, 186); nasaliert norw. dump m. `Vertiefung in der Erde', dän. dial. dump `Höhlung, Niederung', engl. dump `tiefes, mit Wasser gefülltes Loch', ahd. tum(p)filo `Strudel', mhd. tümpfel, nhd. (aus dem Ndd.) Tümpel `tiefe Stelle im fließenden oder stehenden Wasser; Lache', engl. dimple `Wangengrübchen', ndl. domp(el)en `tauchen, versenken';

    lit. dubùs `tief, hohl', dazu die FlN Dùbė, Dubingà und Dubýsa (= cymr. FlN Dyfi aus *Dubīsā, Pokorny Urillyrier 46 f.), dùgnas `Boden' (wohl wegen lett. dibens aus *dùbnas = slav. *dъbno, gall. dubno-; s. die Lit. bei Berneker 245 f.); auch der FlN wruss. Dubna (= lett. Dybnòja) `der tiefe Fluß' und die аpr. ON Dum(p)nis, Dubna zeigen noch bn; dumbù, dùbti `hohl werden, einsinken', daubà, dauburỹs `Schlucht', dúobti `aushöhlen', duobė̃ `Höhle' (lett. duôbs, duôbjš `tief, hohl', dùobe `Grube, Grab' mit uo aus ōu?), dubuõ, -eñs `Becken', duburỹs, dūburỹs, dubur̃kis `Grube voll Wasser, Loch, Tümpel', nas. dumburỹs `tiefes, mit Wasser gefülltes Loch', dum̃blas `Schlamm, Morast' (doch s. oben S. 261); lett. dubęns (neben dibęns) `Grund, Boden' (vgl. Mühlenbach-Endzelin I 465 u. 509), dubt `hohl werden, einsinken', dubl'i Pl. m. `Kot, Morast'; apr. padaubis `Tal' und daubo f. `Grund' (vgl. oben S. 249);

    abg. dъbrь (und daraus dъbrъ) `φάραγξ, Schlucht' (: lett. dubra `Pfütze'); ksl. dъno (*dъbno) `Grund, Boden'; über den FlN pomerell. Dbra s. S. 264.

    Formen auf -p:

    ahd. tobal, mhd. tobel `enges Tal', nhd. Tobel; aschwed. dūva wohl st. V. `tauchen', aisl. dūfa `niederdrücken', dȳfa, deyfa `tauchen', ags. dīefan, dūfan ds., engl. dive, mnd. bedūven `überschüttet, bedeckt werden', bedoven `niedergesunken';

    slav. *dupa f. in sloven. dúpa `Erdhöhle', čech. doupa `Loch', abg. dupina `Höhle', mbg. russ.-ksl. dupl'ь `hohl, leicht', russ. dupɫó n. `Höhlung im Baumstamm', skr. dȕpe, Gen. -eta `Hinterer', dúplja `Baumhöhle', alt dupan `Höhle' usw.; ablaut. poln. dziupɫo n., dziupla f. `Baumloch' usw.

    Ob hierher als *dheu-g-: germ. *dū̆-k-, *du-kk- `tauchen, sich ducken'?

References: WP. I 847 f., WH. I 565, 867, Trautmann 45 f.
Pages: 267-268
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1084
Proto: *towV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: sea, pond
German meaning: See, Teich
Udmurt (Votyak): ti̮ (S), tȯ (K), tị̑ (G) 'Landsee, Teich, kleiner See'
Komi (Zyrian): ti̮ (S P), tø (PO) 'See, Landsee, Teich'
Khanty (Ostyak): tŏɣ (V), tĕw (DN), tuw (O) 'Tümpel, Teich'
Mansi (Vogul): tō (TJ) 'See'
Hungarian: tó (acc. tavat) 'See, Binnensee, Teich'
Nenets (Yurak): tō (O) 'See, Binnensee'
Enets (Yen): to, tud́io, tud́iʔo (Ch.), tuseʔe (B) 'See'
Nganasan (Tawgi): túrku 'See'
Selkup: tú (Ta. B), to (Ke.), tū (Ty.) 'See'
Kamass: tu 'See, Fluß'
Janhunen's version: (109) *to/uxi6
Sammalahti's version: *toxi6
Addenda: Koib. то̄; Mot. toa; Taig. to 'See'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭab-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: озеро, пруд
English meaning: lake, pool
Georgian: ṭb-a 'lake', ṭb-or- 'swamp'
Megrel: ṭob-a, ṭob-o
Megrel meaning (Rus.): глубокий (о водах)
Megrel meaning (Eng.): deep (of water)
Svan: ṭub 'ravine', ṭwib 'lake'
Laz: ṭob-a, ṭib-a
Laz meaning (Rus.): озеро, пруд
Laz meaning (Eng.): lake, pool
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 179, EWK 323.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *tuv- (*-o-)
Meaning : to dip, soak
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *tUv-ai-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *tUv-ai-
Meaning : to dip, soak
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : tuvai (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to dip in, soak, temper (steel)
Tamil derivates : (-v-, -nt-) to be dipped (as cloth in dye), be moistened with starch, be tempered (as steel)
Malayalam : tuvekka
Malayalam meaning : to steep, soak in water, temper (iron)
Tulu : tuva
Tulu meaning : overflowing, running over
Number in DED : 3355
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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