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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *koraŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fetters, handcuffs
Russian meaning: путы, оковы, наручники
Modern Korean: koraŋ
Comments: KED 138.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`alo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: girth, tug
Russian meaning: лямка, подпруга, путы
Turkic: *Kolaŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *xala-
Korean: *koraŋ
Comments: An interesting common Altaic cultural term. PT and Korean reflect the common derivative *k`alo-ŋV.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kolaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: saddlegirth
Russian meaning: подпруга
Karakhanid: qolan (MK)
Turkish: kolan
Middle Turkic: qolan, qolaɣ (Pav. C.), qulan (AH)
Turkmen: Golaŋ
Khakassian: xolaɣ
Shor: qolaɣ
Oyrat: qoloŋ
Yakut: xolun
Tuva: xolaq
Gagauz: qolan
Comments: VEWT 277, Лексика 549-550, EDT 622, ЭСТЯ 6, 47-49.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tug, belt
Russian meaning: лямка, ремень
Evenki: alaɣ
Even: al
Negidal: ala, alan
Ulcha: χala
Orok: χalị
Nanai: χala
Oroch: ala
Udighe: ala
Comments: ТМС 1, 28-29. Аникин 80 proposes: Evk. > Khant. ălak > Russ. dial. alák, álak > Yak. ālɨk, Ket alǝk, Yukagh. aɫik; cf. also Nivkh halɨk id. This would make the etymology of Ket alǝk presented in Старостин 1995, 181 ( = PNC *hwǝ̄lkwē 'chariot') obsolete.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVlV
Meaning: girth, rope
Altaic: *k`alo
Uralic: *kälV (~ *kewδe)
Comments: Several other possibilities in Alt.
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-notes,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 264
Proto: *kälV (~ *kewδe)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: string, rope
German meaning: Bindfaden, Strick, Schnur
Finnish: köysi (gen. köyden) 'Strick, Seil, Tau' ?
Estonian: köis (gen. köie) ?
Saam (Lapp): kiū̯dt(A) (T Kld.), ḱieū̯dA (Ko. Not.) 'Zugstrick am Zugnetz' ?
Mari (Cheremis): kǝl (KB), kǝ̑l (U B) 'Handhabe, Henkel, Griff (oft eine Schnur, aber auch ein Holz- oder Eisenhenkel) (KB U); breites Band (ein Brustschmuck) (B)'
Udmurt (Votyak): kal (S) 'Schnur, Band, Bindfaden; Griff, Handhabe'
Komi (Zyrian): ke̮l (S), ke̮v (P) 'Bindfaden, Schnur, Band', kȯl (PO) 'Strick, Schnur'
Khanty (Ostyak): ketǝ (Ni.) '(Leder)Riemen', kol (O) 'Seil, Riemen'
Mansi (Vogul): koälǝ.w (TJ), kɔ̄̈lǝj (KU), koāliɣ (So.), koalǝɣ (P), kālǝj (LM) 'Strick, Seil'
Sammalahti's version: *käwdi
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-samm2,

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