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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *àkî
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: autumn
Russian meaning: осень
Old Japanese: akji
Middle Japanese: àkí
Tokyo: áki
Kyoto: àkî
Kagoshima: akí
Comments: JLTT 379.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *agà
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: rain; air
Russian meaning: дождь; воздух
Mongolian: *agaɣar
Tungus-Manchu: *aga
Korean: *ak-su
Japanese: *àkî
Comments: Lee 1958, 119 (Kor.-TM), АПиПЯЯ 291, ТМС 1, 11. The TM form is not borrow < Mong., pace Rozycki 11. *agaɣar (cf. the length in all dialects) < *aɣa-ɣar, with regular dissimilation. The Jpn. form may be attributed here if it originally meant "rainy season" (cf. "rain, thunder" in TM); autumn is not so rainy in present-day Japan, but it must have been different in the original homeland.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *agaɣar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: air, atmosphere
Russian meaning: воздух, атмосфера
Written Mongolian: aɣar (L 13)
Khalkha: agār
Buriat: agār
Kalmuck: aɣṛ, aɣār
Ordos: aGāri 'espace celeste, l'aspect du ciel', aGār métaph. 'bonne entente entre les voisins'
Mogol: ZM ɔ̄ur (15-8b) 'cloud'
Comments: KW 3.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *aga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rain
Russian meaning: дождь
Spoken Manchu: ahā (2015)
Literary Manchu: aGa
Jurchen: ah-ga (8)
Comments: ТМС 1, 11. Cf. also *agdī 'thunder'.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ak-su
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: heavy rain
Russian meaning: ливень
Modern Korean: aksu, ǝksu
Comments: KED 1080.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *aga
Meaning: rainy weather
Indo-European: *aghl-
Altaic: *agà
Eskimo-Aleut: *aɣlu- ?
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-esk,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *aghl-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: fog, drizzle
Armenian: aɫǯaɫǯ, aɫǯamuɫǯkh `Dunkel'
Old Greek: akhlǖ́-s, -ǘos f. `Nebel, Finsternis, Dunkel'
Baltic: *agl-u n.
Russ. meaning: туман, изморось
References: WP I 41
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *agl-u n.
Meaning: rain
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Prussian: aglo n. `Regen' V. 47 (u-St.?)
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-oprus,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 17
Root: aghl(u)-
English meaning: rainy weather
German meaning: etwa `dunkle Wolke, regnerisches Wetter'
Material: Gr. ἀχλύ̄ς `Nebel, Dunkel', apr. aglo n. `Regen' (u-St.), arm. *alj- in aɫjaɫj, aɫjamuɫjkh `Dunkel' (Meillet MSL. 10, 279).
References: WP. I 41. Vgl. Petersen Ar. und Arm. Stud. 126.
Pages: 8
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *aɣlu-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: rainbow, meteor
Russian meaning: радуга, метеор
Proto-Yupik: *áɣlu-[ʁ]
Proto-Inupik: *aɣlunt
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *áɣlu-[ʁ]
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: rainbow
Russian Meaning: радуга
Chaplino: aɣlúk, //āʁlu 'meteor'
Naukan: //aɣlutǝ [Av.]
Koniag (AAY): aɣluʁjaq
Chugach (Birket-Smith): aɣlu(j)aq
Central Alaskan Yupik: aɣluʁjaq
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 9, 2
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-koni,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *aɣlunt
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: rainbow
Russian meaning: радуга
SPI Dialects: Imaq aɣlún
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spis,

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