Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀sǝ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be scared, afraid
Russian meaning: бояться
Old Japanese: os(w)or-
Middle Japanese: òsòr-
Tokyo: osoré-
Kyoto: ósóré-
Kagoshima: òsòrè-
Comments: JLTT 743.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *ŏ̀se
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be bad, guilty
Russian meaning: быть плохим, виновным
Turkic: *osa-
Mongolian: *ös
Tungus-Manchu: *us(a)
Japanese: *ǝ̀sǝ̀r-
Comments: EAS 102, Poppe 65, Finch 1987, 58. Despite TMN 2, 135, Щербак 1997, 131, Clark 1980, 51, Mong. ös cannot be borrowed from Turk. *ȫč (see *ṓč`e). Attempts to disprove the Turk.-Tung. match in TMN 2, 149-150 are unsuccessful.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *osa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 careless, dilatory 2 bad, evil 3 to be careless, negligent 4 negligence, harm
Russian meaning: 1 небрежный, медлительный 2 плохой, злой 3 быть небрежным, беспечным 4 небрежность, беспечность, увечье
Old Turkic: osal 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: osal 1, osan- 3 (MK)
Turkish: osal 2 (dial.), usan- 3
Tatar: usal 2
Middle Turkic: osal 1 (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ọsal 2
Uighur: osal 2
Azerbaidzhan: osal 1 (dial.), usan- 3
Turkmen: osal 1
Chuvash: osal 2
Yakut: ohol 4
Kirghiz: osol 2
Kazakh: osal 2
Noghai: osal 2
Bashkir: usal 2
Balkar: osal 2
Karaim: osal 1, 2, usan- 3
Karakalpak: osal 2
Kumyk: osal 2
Comments: VEWT 365-366, EDT 247, 248, ЭСТЯ 1, 479-481, 608 (distinguishes osal and usan- - but the narrowing osan- > usan- is a local Oghuz phenomenon and probably secondary, due to interdialectal loans), Егоров 277, Федотов 2, 290. Turk. > Mong. osal (MMong. (SH) osolda-), see TMN 2, 149, Clark 1980, 39, not vice versa - despite Щербак 1997, 207.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *ös
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: revenge, hate
Russian meaning: месть, ненависть
Written Mongolian: ös, ösige (L 645: ös, ösije)
Middle Mongolian: osül, oš(i) (SH)
Khalkha: ös
Buriat: ühȫ(n), üšȫrxe-
Kalmuck: ös, öšɛ̄
Ordos: ös, öšȫ
Comments: KW 301.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *us(a)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bad 2 to become sad 3 hate 4 guilt, crime 5 to be sick 6 to be unable, not want
Russian meaning: 1 плохой 2 огорчаться 3 ненависть 4 вина, преступление 5 болеть, чувствовать недомогание 6 не мочь, не хотеть
Evenki: usa 1, usē- 5, usē-če- 6
Even: ụs 1,4, öse- 5, 6
Negidal: osa 1
Spoken Manchu: usa- 'to be sad, to grieve' (1933)
Literary Manchu: osχa 1, usa- 2
Jurchen: usu-ɣa-buren (384) 3
Ulcha: osisi- 6
Nanai: osisi- 6
Comments: ТМС 2, 290-293.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *wVc`V
Meaning: be tired
Altaic: *ŏ̀se
Uralic: *wäśä
Dravidian: *vēs-
Comments: Fpr Alt. cf. rather PFU *waćV 'shame, to be ashamed'; see also *wiSV.
References: МССНЯ 370; ND 2535 *wäʔ(E)sV 'to get tired' (Ur., Drav. + Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1722
Proto: *wäśä
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: tired, ill; to become tired, ill
German meaning: müde, krank; müde, krank werden
Finnish: väsy- 'ermüden, ermatten', (dial.) 'abgenutzt werden', väsähtä- 'ermüden, ermatten, erschlaffen', (dial.) 'zusammenschrumpfen, zu Ende gehen'. väsähty- (dial.) 'abnehmen, zu Ende gehen' ?
Estonian: väsi- 'ermüden, müde werden', väsi (gen. väsi), väsü 'Ermüdung, Bemühung, Beschwerde' ?
Saam (Lapp): veissâ -s- (N) 'get tired, fatigued, languid', viesse 'that easily gets tired', viessa- (L) 'bis zur Erschöpfung müde werden', vīsse- (Kld.), viesse- (Not.) 'müde werden' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): viś- (S K) 'schmerzen, weh tun, kranken', viśị̑- (G) 'krank liegen, krank sein' ?
Komi (Zyrian): viś- (S P), viś.- (PO) 'krank sein, schmerzen' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *vēs-
Meaning : weariness
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *vēǯār_-
Proto-Telugu : *vēs-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *vēǯār_-
Meaning : sorrow; weariness
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vēcā̆ṭai
Tamil meaning : sorrow
Tamil derivates : vēcaram, vēcar_avu, vēcar_ikkai sorrow, weariness, fatigue; vēcar_u (vēcar_uv-, vēcar_r_-) to be weary, fatigued, be vexed, distressed; vēcāṭal mental agitation; vēcār_u (vēcār_i-) to be weary, fatigued, be vexed, distressed; be consoled, rest; n. weariness, etc.; vēcār_al weariness, sorrow; becoming consoled or pacified, rest
Malayalam : vēcār_u
Malayalam meaning : (Tiyya) anxiety
Kannada : bējāru
Kannada meaning : weariness (from fatigue, pain, vexation), annoyance
Kannada derivates : bēsar_(u) (bēsatt-) to grow weary or fatigued, get tired of, be disgusted, be vexed; n. weariness, fatigue, disgust, vexation, dispiritedness; bēsar_a, bēsar_ake, bēsar_ike weariness, etc.; bēsar_isu to cause to be weary
Kodagu : bējāra
Kodagu meaning : sorrow
Tulu : bē̆jārụ
Tulu meaning : weariness, fatigue, disgust, offence, vexation, annoyance
Tulu derivates : bē̆sarụ fatigue, weariness, vexation, disgust; fatigued, weary; bēsarụ āpini to get tired, be weary
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) bisirige homesickness
Notes : Some forms, as pointed out by B&E, may be borrowed from Hindi bē-zār.
Number in DED : 5524
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-misc,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *vēs-
Meaning : fatigue, weariness
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : vēsaṭa
Additional forms : Also vēsaramu trouble, fatigue; vēsarincu to trouble; vēsā̆ru to be troubled or fatigued, (K also) be disgusted
Number in DED : 5524
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
29633895292
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov