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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *(d)ìtàtì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Mustela itatsi itatsi, kolinsky
Russian meaning: колонок, ласка
Old Japanese: itati
Middle Japanese: ìtàti
Tokyo: ìtachi, itachí
Kyoto: ítàchì
Kagoshima: itachí
Comments: JLTT 427. Tokyo reflects a tone variation between *(d)ìtàtì and *(d)ìtátí.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *di̯ari
Meaning: a small animal (flying squirrel)
Russian meaning: мелкое животное (белка-летяга)
Turkic: *jar- / *jer-
Mongolian: *ǯirke
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯ(i)arami ( ~ d-)
Korean: *tằràmí
Japanese: *(d)ìtàti
Comments: Лексика 168. Low tone in Jpn. does not correspond to Kor. (but cf. different dialectal variants). The root must have denoted some small rodent, possibly a flying squirrel (which could explain the meaning 'bat' in Turkic). One should also mention PM *ǯaraɣa 'hedgehog, porcupine' = Karakh. jarpuz 'mongoose', possibly derived from the same root. A different etymology of the Turkic word (comparing it with Evk. ńarbakin 'naked' and deriving from a *ńarV 'naked skin', see Stachowski 1999) seems less likely to us.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jar- / *jer-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bat
Russian meaning: летучая мышь
Karakhanid: jersgü, jerise (MK Chigil)
Turkish: jarasa, jarasɨk
Tatar: jar-qanat
Middle Turkic: jarasa (AH), jar-qanat (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jɔr-qanɔt
Azerbaidzhan: jarasa
Turkmen: jarasa (dial.), jarɣānat
Khakassian: čar-xanat
Oyrat: jar-ɣanat, d́ar-ɣanat
Chuvash: śara-śerźi
Yakut: sarɨ̄ kɨnat
Tuva: ča'sqɨ
Kirghiz: ǯar-ɣanat
Kazakh: žar-qanat
Noghai: jar-ɣanat
Bashkir: jar-ɣanat
Gagauz: jarasa
Karaim: jeri qanatɨ
Karakalpak: žar-ɣanat
Salar: jeresen
Kumyk: jar-qanat
Comments: EDT 972, VEWT 189, TMN 4, 143, ЭСТЯ 4, 140-141, Лексика 168. The word is etymologically difficult because of the unclear suffix *-sa / *-se attested in early forms and some of the modern reflexes. In most modern languages the word is folk-etymologically rebuilt as *jarɨ-Kiajnat 'film-wing' (or 'naked sparrow' in Chuv.).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ǯirke
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: chipmuck (Tamias sibiricus Laxmann) (Gomb.)
Russian meaning: бурундук
Written Mongolian: ǯirke (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: žirx
Buriat: žerxi
Kalmuck: ǯirxǝ (КРС)
Comments: Not from Evk. ǯeleki 'ermine', pace Аникин 184.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯ(i)arami ( ~ d-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: otter
Russian meaning: выдра
Orok: daramị(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 198. An isolated Orok word, but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-ork,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tằràmí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flying squirrel
Russian meaning: белка-летяга
Modern Korean: taram-čwi
Middle Korean: tằràmí
Comments: Nam 135, KED 382.
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