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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pìrǝ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 wide 2 fathom
Russian meaning: 1 широкий 2 сажень
Old Japanese: pjiro- 1, p(j)iro 2
Middle Japanese: fìrò- 1, fìrò 2
Tokyo: hiró- 1, hiro 2
Kyoto: hírò- 1
Kagoshima: hiró- 1
Comments: JLTT 408, 828.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bằŕ[i]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wide, thick
Russian meaning: широкий, толстый
Turkic: *bAŕɨk
Mongolian: *bar-
Tungus-Manchu: *baru-n
Korean: *pắr
Japanese: *pìrǝ̀-
Comments: Whitman 1985, 193, 210 (Kor.-Jpn.). The vowel reflex in Korean is irregular, which leaves a possibility of Kor. *pắr and Jpn. *pìrǝ̀ 'fathom' going back to a different root (reconstructable as *Piari or *Piali); the coincidence of *pìrǝ̀ 'fathom' and *pìrǝ̀- 'wide, broad' in Jpn. must be in that case secondary.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bAŕɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thick, stout 2 a stubby man
Russian meaning: 1 толстый, дюжий 2 коренастый человек
Tatar: bazɨq 2
Middle Turkic: bazuq (OKypch., AH, CCum.) 2
Bashkir: baδɨq 1
Balkar: bazɨq 1
Karaim: bazɨq/x (H,Q,T) 1, 2
Kumyk: bazɨq 1
Comments: VEWT 66. The word is exclusively Kypchak (probably also borrowed in Chuv. pɨzъk id.), but is apparently archaic.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *bar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: broad and thick (of a beard), coarse (of textiles)
Russian meaning: толстый, взлохмаченный о ткани, бороде, (редко) в названиях чего-л. округлого, большой палец (дет.)
Written Mongolian: barbaji- (L 84)
Khalkha: barvaj-
Buriat: barba-
Kalmuck: bar-dǝ-ɣǝr, barwǟ-
Comments: KW 34, 35.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *baru-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 thick 2 round, full
Russian meaning: 1 толстый 2 круглый, полный
Even: barụ-n 1
Literary Manchu: barun 2
Nanai: barõ (Kur-Urm.) 2
Oroch: bau(n) 1
Udighe: bau 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 76.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pắr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fathom
Russian meaning: сажень
Modern Korean: pāl
Middle Korean: pắr
Comments: Nam 246, KED 723. The modern form reflex a merger with MKor. pār 'armful' (v. sub *p`ā́ĺŋa).
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *bVŕV
Meaning: thick
Altaic: *bằŕ[i]
Dravidian: *pār- (cf. also *bar 'rough' 126)
References: ND 254 *baŕʔV 'big, much, thick' (Alt., Drav. + IE *bher- see *bVŕV 'good' + a number of Cush. and Chad. forms).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *pār-
Meaning : to grow; to swell
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *pār-
Proto-Telugu : *par-mb-
Proto-North Dravidian : *par-d-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *pār-
Meaning : to swell; bulky
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paru (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to become large, bulky, plump, swell; adj. large, bulky (in: paruŋ-kuṭal large intestine, etc.; cf. 1652)
Tamil derivates : parukk-en_- to be thick, bulky; parukkai becoming bulky; paruppu thickness, largeness; parumam thickness, bulkiness, largeness; parumai thickness, bulkiness, corpulence, greatness; seriousness, importance, gravity; paruval anything large or thick; parārai large trunk of a tree; pari greatness, height; pariya thick, large, big; pariyan_ a great person, a being of great importance; pār bulk, size; pāri that which is heavy or big, that which is important; man of consequence, weight or importance; (-pp-, -tt-) to be bulky, huge; increase, expand
Malayalam : paru
Malayalam meaning : gross, big
Malayalam derivates : parukka to grow bulky, stout; paruma grossness
Kannada : hari, hariba
Kannada meaning : a mass, multitude
Kannada derivates : bardu increase, greatness; barda a great person, a virtuous person
Tulu : pariya
Tulu meaning : plenty, exceeding, much
Proto-Nilgiri : *par
Number in DED : 3972
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *par
Meaning : tree with huge trunk
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : par mēṇ
Number in DED : 3972
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *par-mb-
Meaning : to increase, grow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : pambu
Additional forms : Also pammu to increase; prabbu to increase, extend, flourish, thrive
Number in DED : 3972
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *par-d-
Meaning : to grow in number, increase in quantity, grow in size or age, prosper, succeed, thrive
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : pardnā
Malto : pathre
Number in DED : 3972
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

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