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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tàkà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 high 2 mountain
Russian meaning: 1 высокий 2 гора
Old Japanese: taka- 1, take 2
Middle Japanese: tàkà- 1
Tokyo: taká- 1, také 2
Kyoto: tákà- 1, tákè 2
Kagoshima: taká- 1, také 2
Comments: JLTT 539, 841.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tēga
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: high; top, mountain
Russian meaning: высокий, верх, гора
Turkic: *dāg
Mongolian: *deɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *deg-
Korean: *tǝ-
Japanese: *tàkà-
Comments: Poppe 58, 89 (Mong.-Tung.; on Turk. *jẹg- see under *di̯òge), SKE 260, EAS 51, 145, Цинциус 1972, 4 (but ТМ *dǖ 'top, above' cannot belong here for phonetic reasons), Miller 1985, 143, АПиПЯЯ 283. TM cannot be borrowed from Mong., despite Doerfer MT 20, Rozycki 58. Korean parallels for Jpn. taka-, take in Martin 236 are improbable; but cf. also Kor. thjǝ 'up' in compounds, see SKE 48; another old derivative may be Kor. tòt- 'to rise' = Mong. degde-]. A different etymology proposed for PT *dāg is the comparison with WMong. tajiɣa 'forest' (see e.g. VEWT 454). The etymology as such cannot be accepted (because of the wrong correspondence PT *d- : Mong. t-), but Turkic may in fact have merged two originally different roots - which would explain an abnormal correspondence of Turkic long vowel to PJ low tone.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dāg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mountain
Russian meaning: гора
Old Turkic: taɣ (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: taɣ (MK, KB)
Turkish: daɣ
Tatar: taw
Middle Turkic: taɣ (MA), taɣ, ṭaɣ (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: tɔɣ
Uighur: taɣ
Sary-Yughur: taɣ
Azerbaidzhan: daɣ
Turkmen: dāG
Khakassian: taɣ
Shor: taɣ (Верб.)
Oyrat:
Halaj: tāɣ
Chuvash: tu
Yakut: tɨa 'taiga, wood'
Dolgan: tɨa 'land, tundra'
Tuva: daɣ
Tofalar: daɣ, taɣ
Kirghiz:
Kazakh: taw
Noghai: taw
Bashkir: tau
Balkar: tau
Gagauz:
Karaim: daɣ
Karakalpak: taw
Salar: dāɣ
Kumyk: taw
Comments: VEWT 454, TMN 2, 439-440, EDT 463, ЭСТЯ 3, 117-118, Лексика 94, 111, Stachowski 236.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *deɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 above, up 2 to fly 3 to jump, leap
Russian meaning: 1 наверх, наверху 2 лететь 3 прыгать, перепрыгивать
Written Mongolian: deɣe- 1 (L 242, 243), degde- 2 (L 241), degüli- 3 (L 245)
Middle Mongolian: de'ere (HY 50, SH), dīrä (IM), dirä̆ (MA) 1
Khalkha: dē- 1, degde- 2, dǖlle- 3
Buriat: dēr(e) 1, degde- 2
Kalmuck: dē- 1, degdǝ- 2
Ordos: dē- 1, degde- 2
Dongxian: ǯierǝ, ǯiedu
Baoan: de-Goŋ 1
Dagur: dēre 1, derede-, degede- 2 (MD 135), dē- (Тод. Даг. 136), derd- 1, (MGCD, Тод. Даг. 136) dēr, derde-
Shary-Yoghur: dīre, dīd
Monguor: dǝre (SM 49), dē-di (SM 50), te-šǝ (SM 418) 1, diginē- 'sauter sur un pied' (SM 51), dǖli- 'sauter, bondir, danser, battre (coeur)' (SM 56)
Mogol: dērä 'auf, oben', dēkši 'aufwarts, mehr, besser'; ZM dei-ra (7-1b), dei-du (24-3b) 'above', dekšǝ- (41-2) 'to come up'
Comments: MGCD 206, 211, KW 84, 91.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *deg-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fly (v.) 2 bird
Russian meaning: 1 лететь 2 птица
Evenki: deg- 1, degi 2
Even: deɣ- 1, deɣi 2
Negidal: deɣ- 1, deɣī 2
Spoken Manchu: dei-, dii- 'to fly' (2300)
Literary Manchu: deje- 1, dei 2
Ulcha: degde- 1
Nanai: degde- 1
Oroch: deili- 1
Udighe: dieli- 1
Solon: degelī- 1, degī 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 228-229. TM > Dag. degī 'bird' (Тод. Даг. 136).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: still more, moreover
Russian meaning: еще больше, сверх
Modern Korean:
Comments: KED 439.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *TVGV
Meaning: high
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *tēga
Eskimo-Aleut: *takǝ(v)-
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-esk,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *takǝ(v)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: long, (high)
Russian meaning: длинный, (высокий)
Proto-Yupik: *takǝ(v)- (*-li-)
Proto-Inupik: *takǝ-, *tak(ǝ)li-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 325
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *takǝ(v)- (*-li-)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: long 1, high 2, length 3, height 4, to get or make long 5
Russian Meaning: длинный 1, высокий 2, длина 3, высота 4, удлинять 5
Sirenik: takǝ́valáχ 1, takúla 3, takǝ́taʁáɫǝʁǝ́χ 'short'
Chaplino: tākǝlʁi 1, 2, takǝ́la (ǝt), taxtála (ǝt) 3, takǝ́ɫīquq neg. 'to become shorter'
Naukan: tákǝlʁē 1, 2, tákǝtālŋa 3, 4
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: takǝ- 1, takɫi- 5
Central Alaskan Yupik: takǝ- 1, taktaciq 3, takɫi- 5
Nunivak (Peripheral): takkoχ* 1
PAME: *takǝ-ruq
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 325
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-pame,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *takǝ-, *tak(ǝ)li-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: long 1, to become or make long 2
Russian meaning: длинный 1, удлинять(ся) 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: taɣisaq 1
SPI Dialects: Imaq taɣɨ́qpatoq, tákšoq 1, W taksʁuʁoq*, takcuaq*
North Alaskan Inupik: takɨ- 1, takɫi-, takisi- 2
NAI Dialects: B, Ingl takiʁoq* 1, Qaw takšuaq 'sth. long'
Western Canadian Inupik: taki- 1, takɫi- 2
WCI Dialects: Cor, M takijoq* 1
Eastern Canadian Inupik: taki- 1, takili- 2
Greenlandic Inupik: taki- (takivoq*) 1, takisūq 'sth. long', taɫɫi- 2
GRI Dialects: EG tatsi- 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 325
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-gris,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVKV
Meaning : mountain, high
Eurasiatic : *TVGV
Afroasiatic : *daq̇-
Sino-Caucasian : ? OC *diak stone; ST *thɨāk 'lift, support'
Austric : PAA *dʔǝk, PAN *-duk, -tuk; PAN *tuku 'prop, post' ?
Amerind (misc.) : *take 'head' (actually: 'high, top, above') (R 367) [+ A]; *tak 'stone; mountain' ? (R 695)
Notes : PST also has *d(r)ǝ̆k 'top, ascend' (possibly < AA), and PAA has *tVʔ 'stone' (possibly < ST; cf. *TVHV).
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-notes,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *daq̇-
Meaning: rock
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *a-dɣaɣ 'mountain' 1, 'stone' 2
Egyptian: dḫ.w.t (n) 'stone block'
Omotic: *duḳ- 'mountain'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-brb,afaset-egy,afaset-omo,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *a-dɣaɣ
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'mountain' 1, 'stone' 2
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): adgag
Notes: Partial reduplication
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-qbl,brbet-notes,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: dḫ.w.t (n)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'stone block'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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Omotic etymology :

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Proto-Omotic: *duḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: mountain
Hamer: ḍuka [Fl], ḍuḳa [Ly]
omoet-prnum,omoet-meaning,omoet-hmr,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *ʔTVk
Meaning: climb, ascend
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *dʔǝk
Austroasiatic meaning: ascend
Austronesian meaning: *bunduk 'elevated ground', *pa(n)tuk 'peak, top'; PAN *tuku 'prop, post' ?
Austronesian code: elevated ground
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-anme,austr-ancode,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *dʔǝk
Meaning: ascend
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Proto-Bahnaric: *Dǝk
Proto-Monic: OM dʔuk, dʔok
References: S-134
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-bah,aaet-mon,aaet-bib,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *Dǝ̆k
Meaning: ascend
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-North Bahnaric: *dak.L
Proto-South Bahnaric: *dǝk
Proto-West Bahnaric: *dɨk
Proto-Northwest-Bahnaric: *dɨk
Harak: dɨk
Cua: dɨk stand up
References: JS-895
banet-meaning,banet-prnum,banet-nob,banet-sob,banet-web,banet-nwb,banet-har,banet-cua,banet-refer,

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North Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-Bahnaric: *dak.L
Meaning: ascend
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jeh form: dak.L
Jeh meaning: ascend
Sedang form: tak.L
Sedang meaning: to go up
nobet-meaning,nobet-prnum,nobet-jeh,nobet-jehme,nobet-sed,nobet-sedme,

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South Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-South Bahnaric: *dǝk
Meaning: rise up
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Stieng form: tǝdǝk
Stieng meaning: rise up
References: SBS-766
sobet-meaning,sobet-prnum,sobet-sti,sobet-stime,sobet-refer,

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West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-West- Bahnaric: *dɨk
Meaning: rise, climb
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jaru form: dɨk
Jaru meaning: jump up
Lavi: tiɨk
Juk: jɨk I?
Nhaheung form: dɨk
Nhaheung meaning: ascend
Brao form: dɨk
Brao meaning: lift, rise
References: JS-895, TB17.394
webet-meaning,webet-prnum,webet-jr,webet-jrme,webet-lve,webet-jk,webet-nha,webet-nhame,webet-brao,webet-brame,webet-refer,

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North-West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-West- Bahnaric: *dɨk
Meaning: ascend, rise
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Yaeh: dɨk
References: TB17.61
nwbet-meaning,nwbet-prnum,nwbet-yh,nwbet-refer,

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Harak etymology :

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Proto-Harak: *dɨk
Meaning: ascend, rise
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Harak: dɨk
Alak: thɨk rise
References: TB17.61
haret-meaning,haret-prnum,haret-hr,haret-alak,haret-refer,

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Monic etymology :

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Proto-Monic:
Meaning: to mount, ride on
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: dʔuik, kdʔuik
Old Mon: dʔuk, dʔok
Middle Mon: dʔok
References: S-134
monet-meaning,monet-prnum,monet-word,monet-om,monet-mm,monet-bib,

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