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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kàla ( ~ *k`-, -e-)
Meaning: a k. of hat
Russian meaning: вид шапки
Turkic: *Kalpak
Mongolian: *kalbaŋ
Korean: *kár
Comments: Basically a Turk.-Kor. isogloss; the Mongolian form is poorly attested and may be borrowed < Turkic. In TM cf. perhaps Evk. kelpeke 'children's winter clothes', kelkē 'children's winter footwear' (ТМС 1, 446).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kalpak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hat
Russian meaning: шапка, шляпа
Turkish: kalpak
Tatar: qalpaq
Middle Turkic: qalpaq (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qalpɔq
Uighur: qalpaq
Sary-Yughur: qalmaq
Turkmen: Galpaq
Khakassian: xalbax, xalpax
Yakut: xalpāq
Kirghiz: qalpaq
Kazakh: qalpaq
Noghai: qalpaq
Bashkir: qalpaq
Balkar: qalfaq
Gagauz: qalpaq
Karaim: qalpaq
Karakalpak: qalpaq
Kumyk: qalpaq
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 234-235. The word is not attested in OT; cf. however the common Slavic loanword *klobukъ, attested in Russian sources already in the 12th century (in чьрнии клобуци 'black hats' = the Karakalpaks, but with characteristically Bulgarian phonology).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kalbaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: (woman's) hat
Russian meaning: (женская) шапка
Written Mongolian: qalbaŋ
Kalmuck: χalwŋ
Comments: KW 164. Mong. > Tuva xalbaŋ 'ears (of a winter hat)', see ЭСТЯ 5, 235.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kár
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 peaked hat 2 rain-cover for a hat
Russian meaning: 1 конусообразная шапка 2 покрытие для шапки (для защиты от дождя)
Modern Korean: kok:al 1, kal-mo 2
Middle Korean: kòs-kár 1
Comments: Liu 73, KED 45, 134. For the component kòs- cf. *kás 'hat' (although vowel variation is not clear).
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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