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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *dā́lV ( ~ -ē-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nape, withers
Russian meaning: загривок, холка
Turkic: *jāl
Mongolian: *dalaŋ
Korean: *tǝr-mi
Comments: KW 73, Poppe 97, Дыбо 306, Лексика 147; TMN 4, 106 ("...unklar"). The root seems to be distinct from *dḗlì (*dḗjlì) q. v.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jāl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mane, counter, scruff
Russian meaning: холка, грива
Karakhanid: jal (MK)
Turkish: jal (dial.)
Tatar: jal
Middle Turkic: jal (AH)
Uzbek: jɔl
Uighur: jal
Azerbaidzhan: jal
Turkmen: jāl
Shor: čal
Oyrat: jal, d́al
Halaj: jāl
Yakut: sāl
Tuva: čal
Tofalar: čal
Kirghiz: ǯal
Kazakh: žal
Noghai: jal
Bashkir: jal
Balkar: ǯal
Karaim: jal; jalda- 'to swim grasping the horse's counter; to swim'
Karakalpak: žal
Kumyk: jal
Comments: Дыбо 220-222, EDT 916, ЭСТЯ 4, 85-86, 93-94 (for *jāl-da-), Лексика 146-147.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *dalaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: counter, withers, nape of neck (of animals)
Russian meaning: загривок, холка
Written Mongolian: dalaŋ (L 224)
Khalkha: dalaŋ
Buriat: dalan
Kalmuck: dalŋ (КРС)
Ordos: dalaŋ 'long hill'
Mogol: ? dallanä 'to carry on the shoulders' (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. dalaŋ etc., see Poppe 1974, 121, Doerfer MT 96, Rozycki 54.
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tǝr-mi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: counter, scruff
Russian meaning: затылок, загривок, шиворот
Modern Korean: tǝlmi
Comments: KED 449.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *dalV
Meaning: shoulder
Indo-European: *dhel-bhā 'upper arm' (Balt.) Pok. 1, 246
Altaic: *dā́lV ( ~ -ē-) 'shoulderblade, nape'
References: Дыбо 1989, 1996
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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dhelbh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to dig, to hollow
Slavic: *del(s)tī, *dьlbǭ; *dolbъ; *dolto, *delto
Baltic: *del̃b- vb. trans., *dal̂b-ā̂ (1), *del̂b-n-ā̂ (1) f., *dal̂b-a- (1) c., *dil̂b-ia- c., *dul̂b-a- (1) adj., *dulb-t-a- n., *del̂b-a- (1) m.
Germanic: *dilb-a- vb.
Russ. meaning: рыть, долбить
References: WP I 866 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: долби́ть,
Near etymology: долблю́, укр. довба́ти, блр. долбíць, болг. дълба́, дълба́я, сербохорв. ду́бе̑м, ду́псти "выдалбливать", словен. dóɫbem, dóɫbsti -- то же, чеш. dlubu, dloubati, слвц. dlbst', dlbat', польск. dɫubię, dɫubać, в.-луж. doɫpaŕ "скульптор", н.-луж. dɫypaś "выдалбливать".
Further etymology: Другая ступень чередования представлена в чеш. dlabati (Голуб 44), dlab "паз, желобок", др.-русск. надолобъ "опускная колода у ворот, тын, городск. ограда", также русск. долото́. Родственно лит. nu-dilbstù, -dìlbti "потупить (глаза)", лит. délba "py- коятка вил", лтш. dal̃ba dal̃bs, "брус, шест для распугивания рыбы", dal̃buȏt, dalbât "загонять шестом в сеть", нж.-нем. dölben "бить", др.-англ. delfan "копать, погребать", флам. delf "овраг, ров", д.-в.-н. bitelban "закапывать"; см. Бернекер 1, 250 и сл.; Фортунатов, Лекции 160; Траутман, BSW 54; М. -- Э. 1, 434; Торп 204; Хольтхаузен, РВВ 44, 476; Aengl. Wb. 71.
Pages: 1,523-524
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *del̃b- vb. trans., *dal̂b-ā̂ (1), *del̂b-n-ā̂ (1) f., *dal̂b-a- (1) c., *dil̂b-ia- c., *dul̂b-a- (1) adj., *dulb-t-a- n., *del̂b-a- (1) m.
Meaning: hollowing tool
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: dálba, délna 'Hebel, Hebeisen, Brechsteigen, plumper Mensch, Faulpelz'; dìlbi-s; del̃bti 'die Augen niederschlagen', dùlbi-s 'ungeschickter, nicht finkert Mensch'
Lettish: dal̃ba, dal̃bs, dalbe, dal̃bis 'Stamm des Baumes; Fischerstange zum Scheuchen der Fische; Stange zu Stossen, Rudern, Anhalten der Böte; Stange zum Undrehen von Balken und zum Verbinden von Fudern; Stange, womit das Korn in der Riege gelockert wird, damit es von der Wärme durchdrungen werden könnte; Ofenkrücke; zweizinkige Gabel zum Aufladen der Garben; Gartengabel; langer Stiel einer Harke od. Gabel' + 'Höhlung, die durch das Ausfaulen des Markes im Baume entstanden ist' + 'unachtsamer Mensch'; dulburis, dul̃burs 'Stotterer, Polterer, Radebrecher; zerstreuter Mensch', dùlbs2 'dumm'; delbis 'zweizinkige Gabel zum Gartengeben', dęlbs 'Oberarm', pl. dęl̃bi 'Stangen zum Tragen'
Old Prussian: dalptan `Durchschlag, spitzes Werkzeug, und damit Löcher zu schlagen' Voc. 456
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *dilban- vb.
Meaning: dig, hollow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: delfan `graben, begraben'
Old Frisian: delva, dela
Old Saxon: bi-delban `begraben'
Middle Dutch: delven `graven, begraven'
Dutch: delven; fläm. delv `Schlucht, Graben'
Low German: delven `graben, begraben'
Old High German: { bi-telban, -telpan (bitolban) `begraben' }
Middle High German: tëlben, dëlben st. 'graben'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-lg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 388
Root: dhelbh-
English meaning: to bury
German meaning: `graben, aushöhlen; herausschlagen; Stock, Stange (ursprüngl. als Werkzeug zum Graben); Röhrenknochen (gehöhlt? oder als Grabwerkzeug benannt?)'
General comments: Nur german. und baltoslav.
Material: Ahd. bi-telban, -telpan (Partiz. bitolban) `begraben', as. bi-delƀan ds., mndd. ndl. delven, ags. delfan `graben, begraben', fläm. delv `Schlucht, Graben'; dazu schweiz. tülpen `schlagen, prügeln', tirol. dalfer `Ohrfeige, Schlag', ndd. dölben `schlagen';

    bsl. *dilbō `grabe ein, höhle aus': in lit. délba und dálba f. `Brechstange', lett. dil̃ba f., dilbis m. `Röhrenknochen, Schienbein', delbs `Oberarm, Ellenbogen', dalbs m., dalba f. `Fischerstange, Heugabel'; vielleicht lit. nu-dil̃binti `die Augen niederschlagen';

    slav. *dьlbǫ, *delti in skr. dúbēm, dúpsti `aushöhlen', dùbok `tief, usw. (ablaut. *delti in skr. dial. dlisti `meißeln', vgl. dlijèto `Meißel'); čech. dlubu, dlubati `höhlen, stochern', ablaut. *dolb- in čech. dlabati `meißeln', dlab `Fuge' (= lett. dal̃bs), aruss. nadolobъ m., nadolba f. `Stadtumzäunung'; *dolb-to- `Meißel, spitzes Eisen' in apr. dalptan `Durchschlag', slav. *dolto `Meißel' in bulg. dlató, russ.-ksl. dlato, russ. doɫotó ds.

References: WP. I 866 f., Trautmann 54, Mühlenbach-Endzelin I 434.
Pages: 246
PIE database: PIE database
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