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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ǯi̯ale
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to burn, flash
Russian meaning: гореть, сверкать
Turkic: *jal-
Mongolian: *ǯali
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯild-
Comments: KW 470. A Western isogloss, but, despite Щербак 1997, 121-122, hardly a loanword in Mong. < Turkic (final -i of the Mong. form is unexplained). The Turkic form, however, due to a merger of *ǯ- and *d- can also reflect PA *dàli 'to roast, burn' (q. v.); cf. especially Kypch. jalgavuč 'frying pan' (ЭСТЯ 4, 13).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to burn, blaze 2 flame
Russian meaning: 1 гореть, пылать 2 пламя
Old Turkic: jal- 1 (OUygh.), jalɨn 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jal- 1 (MK), jalɨn 2 (MK)
Turkish: jalɨn 2
Middle Turkic: jalɨn 2 (Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: jalɨŋ 2 (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: jalɨn 2
Turkmen: jalɨn 2
Khakassian: čalɨn 2
Oyrat: jalɨn, d́alɨn 2
Chuvash: śolъm 2
Tuva: čalɨn 2
Kirghiz: ǯalɨn 2
Kazakh: žalɨn 2
Noghai: jalɨn 2
Gagauz: jalɨn 2
Karaim: jalɨn 2
Karakalpak: žalɨn 2
Kumyk: jalɨn 2
Comments: VEWT 181, EDT 918, 929, ЭСТЯ 4, 106-107, Лексика 23, 356-357, 363, Федотов 2, 133-134, TMN 4, 187. Cf. also Kypch. jalgavuč 'frying pan' (ЭСТЯ 4, 13). Turk. *jaltɨr- 'to flash, blazed' (ЭСТЯ 4, 94) > Mong. iltira- id.; *jaltɨrɨm (ЭСТЯ 4, 281) 'lightning' > Mong. jildurum id. (Щербак 1997, 121).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ǯali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: flame
Russian meaning: пламя
Written Mongolian: ǯali (L 1031)
Khalkha: ʒaĺ
Buriat: zali
Kalmuck: zäĺǝ
Comments: KW 470.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯild-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to glance, be wide open (of eyes) 2 star 3 big-eyed
Russian meaning: 1 уставиться, выпучиться 2 звезда 3 большеглазый
Evenki: ǯildarān-, ǯildarga- 1, (Kamn.) ǯildawkī 2
Even: ǯịldakụ 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 257. The meaning 'star' in the Kamn. dialect of Evenki is clearly secondary ( < 'flash'), so the comparison with OT julduz proposed ibid. is impossible.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *CVlV
Meaning: to burn, flash
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ǯi̯ale (+ *zi̯oĺa 'shine, blaze')
Uralic: *śala
Comments: Cf. also *ĆuxLV, *čilV.
References: ND 2719 *ʒ́alV 'flame' (+ Sem.), 2729 *ZaHuĺV 'light, sunshine' (Alt. *zioĺa + ??IE + Sem.); 2795 *ʒ̂uʡLV 'to shine, blaze; flame' (Alt. *nole + Arab. šʕl-...).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 940
Proto: *śala
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: lightning; to glitter
German meaning: Blitz; blitzen
Finnish: salama 'Blitz'
Khanty (Ostyak): pȧj-săt (DN) 'Donnerkeil, Blitz', săl- (V), săt- (Kam.), sŏt- (Ni.) 'zucken, blitzen', sălǝmt- (V), sătǝmt- (DN), sŏtǝmt- (Ni.) 'zucken (Blitz), blizen, aufleuchten'
Mansi (Vogul): sɛ̮̄l- (TJ), sāl- (KU So.), sē̮l- (P) 'blitzen', salna (P) 'Blitz'
Sammalahti's version: *s'i6la-
Addenda: Veps. samaлta- 'blitzen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVLV
Meaning : to flash, shine
Eurasiatic : *CVlV
Afroasiatic : Berb. *zVhl- (ND 2729), Ar. zlʕ, ECush. Rn. ǯilaħ (ND 2725), Ar. šʕl- (2795)
Sino-Caucasian : *śHVlʔV
Austric : PAN *qusila 'lightning', *sila 'outpouring of light'; MY *hlaB moon
Amerind (misc.) : ? *cul 'sun' (R 707)
Reference : ND 2719, 2725, 2729.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *śHVlʔV
Meaning: moon, light
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *śVlʔV ( ~ ś_-,-ɫ-,-ɦ-)
Sino-Tibetan: *lăH (s-)
Burushaski: *halánc
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *śVlʔV ( ~ ś_-,-ɫ-,-ɦ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: light, ray
Proto-Nakh: *sa
Proto-Tsezian: *riš(:)V (~l-,ɨ,u)
Proto-Dargwa: *š:ala
Proto-West Caucasian: *P-sV
Notes: The data are not enough to establish the PNC vocalism. See Абдоков 1983, 166. The root is attested also in HU: cf. Ur. šēl-ardǝ 'moon, moon deity' (see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 37).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *sa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 light; eye-sight 2 dawn 3 to dawn
Chechen: sa 1
Ingush: sa-χila 3
Batsbi: sa-χiʎno 2
Comments: 3d class in Chech. Obl. base *si- (cf. Chech. si-n, dat. si-na).
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *riš(:)V (~l-,ɨ,u)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: sun ray
Tsezi: reša (Imnaishvili)
Comments: Attested only in Tsez., but having probable external parallels.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *š:ala
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: light (n.)
Akusha: šala
Chiragh: š:ala
Comments: Cf. also Ur. šala, Tsud. š:ala id.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *P-sV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to shine
Adyghe: q:ja-psǝ-n
Kabardian: te-psǝ-n
Comments: PAK *psǝ- (only with preverbs); there is also a transitive correlate *psa-.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *lăH (s-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: moon
Tibetan: zla-ba moon.
Burmese: laʔ moon, LB *C-laʔ.
Kachin: šǝta1 moon.
Lushai: thla moon, KC *S-khla.
Lepcha: lă-vo the moon; a month
Kiranti: *lǝ́
Comments: Garo dźa; Moshang ya-pi; Namsangia da; PG *l(h); Rawang sǝla; Trung 1-la1 moon; Kadu sǝda; Bunan hla; Mantshati la-tsaŋ; Tsangla laza; Bahing la, Vayu tśolo, Digaro hǝla. Sh. 57, 124, 138, 435; Ben. 42.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-lepcha,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *lǝ́
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: moon
Sunwar: 'tas-la
Tulung: khlömu (AS khlomu, but khle) moon, moonlight (? *qǝ̀ light + *lǝ́ moon)
Kaling: 'lö, lölmɔdu
Limbu: lā, lābā moon, month
Kulung: la
Yamphu: la
Comments: Toba 92 *k-lolimadu.
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,kiret-tul,kiret-kal,kiret-lim,kiret-kul,kiret-yam,kiret-notes,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: la:b
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: moon
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: la
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: moon
Nepali: jūn.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: la
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: moon.
Nepali: jūn
yamet-prnum,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,yamet-nepali,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *halánc
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: moon
Yasin: halánc
Hunza: halánc
Nagar: halánc
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *sila
Meaning: light
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Miao-Yao parallels: *hlaB moon
Proto-Austronesian: *qusila 'lightning', *sila 'outpouring of light'
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-myao,austr-an,

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