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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *uk`è
Meaning: stupid, arrogant
Russian meaning: глупый, надменный
Turkic: *ökte-
Mongolian: *(h)üki
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)uKu-
Japanese: *bǝkǝ
Comments: The basic meaning of the root appears to be 'stupid', whence 'insincere' and 'proud, arrogant'.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ökte-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to infuse pride, courage 2 pride, proud, courageous
Russian meaning: 1 ободрять, придавать гордость, храбрость 2 гордость, гордый, храбрый
Karakhanid: öktem (KB) 2
Middle Turkic: ökte- 1, öktem 2 (R.)
Uzbek: ọktam
Uighur: öktäm
Azerbaidzhan: ötkäm
Turkmen: ökdöm (dial.) 2
Khakassian: öktem 2
Yakut: öktöm 2
Kirghiz: öktöm 2
Kazakh: öktem 2, (dial.) ökte- 1
Noghai: öktem 2
Karaim: öktem 2
Comments: EDT 102-103, ЭСТЯ 1. Turk. > Kalm. öktm (KW 294; not vice versa, despite VEWT 370).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)üki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 insincere, crafty 2 stupid
Russian meaning: 1 неискренний, хитрый 2 глупый
Written Mongolian: üki 1, ükenče 2 (L 1003)
Khalkha: üx 1, üxēnc 2
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)uKu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 weak 2 stupid
Russian meaning: 1 слабый 2 слабоумный
Literary Manchu: uxu-ken 1, 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 255.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *bǝkǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stupid
Russian meaning: глупый
Old Japanese: woko, ukwo
Comments: JLTT 591.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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