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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯ắp`ú
Meaning: to add, addition
Russian meaning: добавлять, добавка
Turkic: *sep-
Tungus-Manchu: *sup-
Japanese: *súmpa-
Comments: A probable Jpn.-Turk.-TM match.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sep-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to equip, fit out, add 2 addition; dowry
Russian meaning: 1 прибавлять, снаряжать 2 добавка, приданое
Old Turkic: sep- 1(OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sep 2 (MK)
Turkish: sep 2
Tatar: sip 2
Uzbek: sep 2
Uighur: säp 2
Turkmen: sep-li `with a dowry'
Oyrat: sep 2
Chuvash: sap-la- 'to compensate'
Yakut: ep- 1, ebī 'more, additionally'
Dolgan: ebī 'more, additionally'
Kirghiz: sep 2
Kazakh: sep 2
Noghai: sep 2
Karaim: sep 2
Kumyk: sep 2
Comments: EDT 783, 784, VEWT 410, Stachowski 43. Turk. > WMong. seb, see KW 320.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sup-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to gather in a crowd 2 completely 3 all
Russian meaning: 1 собираться в кучу, толпиться 2 сплошь 3 весь
Evenki: sup- 1, suwūl 3
Negidal: sup 2
Ulcha: sup 2
Orok: sup 2
Nanai: sup 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 117, 128.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *súmpa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bring many into one, to unify, control
Russian meaning: объединять, контролировать
Old Japanese: suba-
Middle Japanese: súba-
Tokyo: subé-
Kyoto: súbé-
Kagoshima: subé-
Comments: JLTT 757. The Tokyo accent is irregular.

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