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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tegá (/*t`egá)
Meaning: round
Russian meaning: круглый
Turkic: *deg- / *dög- / *dog-
Mongolian: *tög/körig
Korean: *thɨ- / *thǝ-
Japanese: *tánka
Comments: Poppe 14, АПиПЯЯ 40-41, 285 (with some confusion of this root and *t`òŋké q. v.). An expressive root with some violation of correspondences; but borrowing in Mong. from Turkic is hardly acceptable, despite Щербак 1997, 154. In Mong., a variant *toɣ- may be present in *toɣuri- 'go round' (MMong. (SH) to'ori-, KW 408, Dag. tōri-; > Man. torgi-, ТМС 2, 204), tojira- id.; a variant *dug- in WMong. duɣuj, Khalkha duguj, Kalm. duɣu 'wheel, ring' (L 271, KW 101), whence Tur. dial. toɣaj, Kum., KBalk. toɣaj 'ring, part of wheel hoop'. Cf. also PA *t`ŏk`V 'curved', also a possible source of contaminations.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *deg- / *dög- / *dog-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: round
Russian meaning: круглый
Old Turkic: tegirmi (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tegirme (MK)
Turkish: degirmi 'circle'
Tatar: tügɛrɛk
Middle Turkic: tekirme, tekirmi (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: tụgarak
Uighur: dügläk
Sary-Yughur: doGɨr
Azerbaidzhan: däjirmi
Turkmen: tegelek, toGalaq
Khakassian: toɣɨlax
Shor: toɣalaq
Oyrat: toɣoloq
Chuvash: tǝʷgǝʷr 'mirror'
Yakut: tüörem (poet.) 'round', tier- 'to turn round'
Dolgan: tier- 'to turn round'
Tuva: tögerik
Tofalar: tȫrej
Kirghiz: tegerek
Noghai: tögerek
Bashkir: tüŋäräk
Balkar: tögerek
Karaim: togerek
Karakalpak: döŋgelek
Comments: ЭСТЯ 3, 176-179, 281-282, Stachowski 222, 227. One of several expressive common Turkic roots meaning 'round' and displaying phonetic irregularities. Some modern Turkic forms (not listed above) are probably borrowed from Mongolian: cf., in particular, Yak. tögǖr, tögürük, Dolg. tögürük ( > Evk. tuɣuruk). Cf. also Лексика 400 (with forms reflecting PT *teker). Bulg. > Hung. tükör 'mirror', see MNyTESz 3, 1010.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *tögörig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: round
Russian meaning: круглый
Written Mongolian: tögörig, (L 832) tögürig, tögerig, tügürig
Middle Mongolian: togarik (HY 53), togorigai (SH), tugärig (MA)
Khalkha: tögrög, dugarig, dügreg
Buriat: tüxerig
Kalmuck: tögǝrǝg, duɣǝrɣǝ
Ordos: tögörök
Dagur: tukurin, (Тод. Даг. 169) tukuŕen
Shary-Yoghur: tögörög
Comments: KW 406, MGCD 236. Cf. also tögüɣe (Kalm. tögɛ̄) 'wheel, circle' (KW 405).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *thɨ- / *thǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 reel, spool 2 to spin, turn round
Russian meaning: 1 катушка 2 крутить
Modern Korean: the 1, thɨl- 2
Middle Korean: thǝi 1, thɨ̀r- 2
Comments: Liu 713, 718, KED 1704, 1724.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tánka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hoop, rim
Russian meaning: обруч
Tokyo: tagá
Kyoto: tágá
Kagoshima: tága
Comments: JLTT 537.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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