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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ǯĕĺo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: weak, quiet
Russian meaning: слабый, тихий
Turkic: *jạĺɨ-
Mongolian: *ǯalka-
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯel-
Japanese: *dàs-
Comments: Correspondences are regular, and the etymology appears quite plausible.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jạĺɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be lazy, emaciated, weak, quiet
Russian meaning: быть ленивым, измученным; слабым, вялым, робким
Middle Turkic: jašɨq (adj.) (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: jǝšiq (adj.)
Uighur: ješiq (adj.)
Khakassian: čazɨɣ (adj.)
Oyrat: jažɨ- (R), d́ažɨq (adj.)
Yakut: sɨhɨj-
Tuva: čažɨ-
Kirghiz: ǯašɨ-
Kazakh: žasɨ-
Bashkir: jašɨq (adj.)
Karakalpak: žasɨ-
Comments: VEWT 192, ЭСТЯ 4, 20-21, TMN 4, 173.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ǯalka-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be lazy 2 lazy
Russian meaning: 1 лениться 2 ленивый
Written Mongolian: ǯalqa- 1 (L 1032)
Middle Mongolian: ǯalixai (HY 37)
Khalkha: ʒalxa- 1, ʒalxū 2
Buriat: zalxū 2
Kalmuck: zalxū 2
Ordos: ǯalxū
Dagur: ǯalkō 2 (Тод. Даг. 142), ǯalekō 2 (MD 175)
Comments: KW 465, MGCD 429. Mong. > Bashk., Oyr. jalqɨ- etc. (see ЭСТЯ 4, 14-15). Mong. has also ǯalira- 'to be lazy, rest', *ǯali > Bur. zali 'interval, pause' (whence Tat., Kum. jal 'rest', see ЭСТЯ 4, 85).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become quiet (of a sound), hidden 2 to miss
Russian meaning: 1 стихать, замирать (о звуке), скрываться 2 не заметить, не обратить внимания
Evenki: ǯeliw- 2
Even: ǯēl- 1
Negidal: ǯeliw- 2
Nanai: ǯelu- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 283, 284.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *dàs-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: quiet, easy
Russian meaning: спокойный, легкий
Old Japanese: jasu-
Middle Japanese: jàsu-
Tokyo: yasú-
Kyoto: yásù-
Kagoshima: yasú-
Comments: JLTT 844. Related are probably *jásá-si- 'gentle, easy' and *jásá- 'to be emaciated', although the accent variation is not clear.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʒwVlV
Meaning: weak, quiet
Indo-European: *(s)telǝ-
Altaic: *ǯĕĺo
Kartvelian: Georg. -ʒal- 'be weakened'
References: ND 2727 *ʒ́a/EĺV 'to be weak' (w/o IE; + Sem.?).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(s)telǝ-
Meaning: to be quiet, silent
Slavic: *tolī́tī
Baltic: *til̂- vb. intr., *til-in-ā̂- vb.
Germanic: *still-i- adj.
Celtic: *toleje- > OIr tuilid `schläft'
Russ. meaning: молчать, тихо сидеть
References: WP I 740 f
piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: толи́ть,
Near etymology: толю́, утоли́ть, укр. утоли́тися "удовольствоваться", ст.-слав. оутолити ἀναστέλλειν, πείθειν (Супр.), болг. утоля́вам, утоля́ (Младенов 657), сербохорв. уто̀лити, у̀толи̑м "утихнуть", словен. tóliti, tȯ́lim "унимать, утолять".
Further etymology: Родственно лит. tìlti, tylù, tilaũ "умолкнуть", tìldyti "заставить замолчать", tylė́ti, tyliù "молчать", tylà "молчание", лтш. tilinȃt "баловать (ребенка)", др.-ирл. tuilim "сплю", арм. t̔оɫum "оставляю", далее, возм., д.-в.-н., др.-сакс. stilli "тихий"; см. Перссон 424; ВВ 19, 261 и сл.; Педерсен, KZ 39, 371; Мейе, МSL 9, 154; М.--Э. 4, 187; Траутман, ВSW 321; Бецценбергер у Стокса 134; Сольмсен, РВВ 27, 367; Торп 488; Уленбек, РВВ 30, 316.
Pages: 4,71
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *til̂- vb. intr., *til-in-ā̂- vb.
Meaning: keep silent
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: tìlti (tī̃la/tìlsta, tìlō) `schweigend werden, zu reden aufhören'
Lettish: tilinât '(ein Kind) verzärteln, verwöhnen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *still-i- adj.
Meaning: quiet, silent
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: stille
English: still
Old Saxon: stilli
Middle Dutch: stille
Dutch: stil
Middle Low German: stille
Old High German: stilli (8.Jh)
Middle High German: stille adj. 'still, heimlic h, ruhig, schweigend'
German: still
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1975
Root: tel-3
English meaning: to be still
German meaning: `still sein'
Material: Air. tu(i)lid, con-tu(i)li `schläft' (Iter. *tolei̯ō), cotlud `Schlaf' (*kom-toli-tu-s);

    lit. tyliù, tylė́ti `schweigen' (balto-slav. *tilētēi mit sekundärer Dehnung des i zu ī) und (ap-, nu-, pri-) tįlù, tìlti `schweigend werden', Kausat. tìldau, tìldyti `schweigen machen', tylùs `schweigsam' (idg. *tel-); aksl. tьlějǫ, tьlěti `vermodern, vergehen', serb. zà-tljâm, zà-tljati `einschlummern wollen'; dazu das Kausativ slav. *toliti in aksl. u-toliti `beruhigen', ksl. toliti `placare'.

References: WP. I 742 f., Trautmann 321, Vasmer 3, 114 f.;
See also: vielleicht s-lose Variante zu stel- (ahd. stilli `still') oben S. 1019.
Pages: 1061-1062
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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