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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *úmu-tki
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: egg
Russian meaning: яйцо
Turkic: *jumurtka
Mongolian: *ömdege, *emdüge
Tungus-Manchu: *umūkta
Comments: A Western isogloss. The stem may be derived from Common Altaic *úmu 'to bear, give birth' q. v., see АПиПЯЯ 58, 281, Дыбо 10, Лексика 149. The Turkic form, however, must have also been influenced by PA *nā̀mo 'testicle' (and/or *ǯi̯ŏmu `round'), which explains initial *j-.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jumurtka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: egg
Russian meaning: яйцо
Old Turkic: jumurtɣa, jumurɣa (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jumurtɣa (MK)
Turkish: jumurta
Tatar: jomɨrqa
Middle Turkic: jumurtɣa (Sangl.)
Uzbek: jumurtqa (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: jomut
Azerbaidzhan: jumurta
Turkmen: jumurtGa
Khakassian: nɨmɨrxa
Shor: nɨbɨrtqa, nuburtqa (Верб.)
Oyrat: d́ɨmɨrtqa
Halaj: jumurqa
Chuvash: śъʷmarda
Yakut: sɨmɨ̄t
Dolgan: hɨmɨ̄t
Tuva: čuurɣa
Tofalar: ńumurxa
Kirghiz: ǯumurtqa
Kazakh: žu_mɨrtqa
Noghai: jumɨrtqa
Bashkir: jomortqa
Balkar: zumurtqa
Gagauz: jɨmɨrta
Karaim: jɨmɨrta, imɨrtxa
Karakalpak: žumurtqa
Salar: jymū(r)dda
Kumyk: jɨmɨrtqa
Comments: VEWT 211, EDT 938, ЭСТЯ 4, 250-251, Лексика 149, Stachowski 118.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ömdege, *emdüge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: egg
Russian meaning: яйцо
Written Mongolian: öndege(n), ömdege(n), öndüge, ömdüge (L 636)
Middle Mongolian: amdegan (HY 16), ǝndogɛ (IM), undägä (MA)
Khalkha: öndög
Buriat: ündege(n)
Kalmuck: öndǝgǝ
Ordos: öndögö
Dongxian: endeGi
Baoan: ndegi
Dagur: enduge (Тод. Даг. 140, MD 143)
Monguor: ndige (SM 263)
Mogol: ündäɣōn (Ramstedt 1906); ZM ondägän (22-1a)
Comments: KW 296. Mong. > Chuv. (nursery word) mad́ak 'egg'.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *umū-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: egg
Russian meaning: яйцо
Evenki: umūkta
Even: ụmtъ̣
Negidal: omụkta
Spoken Manchu: umǝhan (332)
Literary Manchu: umχan, umGan
Ulcha: omụqta
Nanai: omaqta
Oroch: umukta
Udighe: umukta
Solon: ụmatta
Comments: Formally derived from *umū- 'to lay eggs'. See ТМС 2, 269.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *mu(n)tV
Meaning: egg
Indo-European: ? Slav. *mǫdo
Altaic: *úmu-tki
Dravidian: *moṭ- (?); cf. also *unḍ- 1649 'round object'
References: МССНЯ 373, ОСНЯ 2, 72-73. ND 1430 *muǹa(-t/dV) 'egg' (Slav., Drav. + Ur. *muna - see *mVnV). It seems that this root had no *-n-, and could acquire it through contamination with *mVnV; in Alt. it was additionally contaminated with *umu 'to bear'. [Cf. similar words in SH: Akk. tumurtu 'ant's eggs'; Eg. wrm.t 'testicles' - see ND 2493 *[w]umur[T]V 'egg'?].
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *moṭ- (?)
Meaning : egg
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *moṭ-ai
Notes : A good SDR root.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *moṭ-ai
Meaning : egg
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : muṭṭai
Tamil meaning : egg, ovum; world as a globe
Tamil derivates : muṇṭai egg
Malayalam : muṭṭa, moṭṭa
Malayalam meaning : egg
Kannada : moṭṭe
Kannada meaning : egg
Kodagu : muṭṭe
Kodagu meaning : egg, testis
Tulu : moṭṭe
Tulu meaning : egg
Proto-Nilgiri : *moṭ-ä
Notes : Tamil muṭṭai, Mal. muṭṭa due to contamination with muttai 'lump' (at least, this is a far more probable explanation than setting up an extraordinary umlaut case before a voiceless consonant). Tamil muṇṭai unclear.
Number in DED : 4939
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *moṭä
Meaning : egg
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : moṭ
Toda : muṭy
Notes : The preservation of -y in Toda is irregular. Kannada influence?
Number in DED : 4939
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,

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