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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ap`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wind, vapour
Russian meaning: ветер, пар
Turkic: *Ep-
Mongolian: *aɣur
Tungus-Manchu: *apka
Comments: A Western isogloss; however, in Jpn. the root probably merged with *ĕbà 'winnow, blow' q. v. (cf. especially the PJ form with a velar suffix *apu-(n)k-, OJ apug-).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Ep-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to blow 2 movement of air, breeze 3 energy, tempo 4 gusty (wind)
Russian meaning: 1 дуть, веять 2 движение воздуха, ветерок 3 порыв, темп, энергия 4 порывистый (о ветре)
Tatar: ip- 1 (Seb.)
Uzbek: äpkin (dial.) 2
Oyrat: epkin 2
Kirghiz: epkin 3
Kazakh: epkin 2
Noghai: epkinli 4
Karakalpak: epkin 3
Comments: Лексика 42.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *aɣur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: steam, vapour; anger
Russian meaning: пар; гнев
Written Mongolian: aɣur (L 17)
Middle Mongolian: a'ur (HY 42, SH), āwur, awur, hawur (MA 108, 270 'anger')
Khalkha: ūr
Buriat: ūr
Kalmuck: ūr, ur
Ordos: ūr
Dongxian: ūr
Dagur: aur (Тод. Даг. 122), aure (MD 116)
Shary-Yoghur: ūr
Monguor: ụ̄r (SM 473)
Mogol: ZM āwur (15-8b) 'cloud'
Comments: KW 450, 454, MGCD 108, 347, 663.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *apka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sky
Russian meaning: небо
Spoken Manchu: abka, apka
Literary Manchu: abqa
Jurchen: a-pu-ha
Nanai: apqa (Kur.-Urm.), afqa (Bik.)
Comments: ТМС 1, 8.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVṗV
Meaning: smell, vapour
Altaic: *ap`i
Uralic: *ipV ~ *ipV-sV ~ *ipV-śV
Eskimo-Aleut: *apju-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝpi-
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-esk,nostret-chuk,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 153
Proto: *ipV ~ *ipV-sV ~ *ipV-śV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: taste; odor
German meaning: Geschmack; Geruch
Saam (Lapp): afse, avse = hakse (gen. havse), hâk'sâ -vs- (N) 'odor; excrement of reindeer in summer', hâk'se- -vs- (N) 'smell, sniff', hapsa ~ haksa (L) 'Geruch; der Rentiermist im Sommer', aps (T Kld.), øhps (Not.) 'Gestank, Geruch', aipse- (T Kld.), aihpse- (Not.) 'stinken, riechen'
Mordovian: opoś (M) 'Geruch, Witterung'
Mari (Cheremis): üpš (KB U, B), üpś (M) 'Geruch'
Komi (Zyrian): is (isk-) (S) 'Gestank, Geruch'
Khanty (Ostyak): ewǝl (V), epǝt (DN), epǝl (O) 'Geruch, Geschmack', ewsint- (V), epsent- (DN) 'schnuppern, wittern (Hund)'
Mansi (Vogul): ǟp, äp (N) 'Dunst, Ausdünstung', ät (TJ), ǟt (KU P), at (So.) 'Geruch, Gestank'
Hungarian: íz (dial. iz, éz, üz, űz) 'Geschmack, dial. Geruch, Duft'
Nenets (Yurak): ŋapt (O) 'Geruch'
Enets (Yen): obto
Nganasan (Tawgi): ŋobta
Selkup: aptэ (Ta.), ăptα (Ke.) 'Geruch, Gestank', āpte (Ty.) 'Geruch'
Kamass: puʔbtu, puʔptu 'Geruch; Duft'
Janhunen's version: (98) *ipsi
Sammalahti's version: *ipsi
Addenda: Koib. обдалем 'пущаю дым из роту'
K. Reshetnikov's notes: A complicated, but quite reliable case.
References: FUV; Donn. Vgl.Wb. 807; MUSz. 764, 828; SzófSz.; MSzFgrE; TESz.; Paas. Beitr. 245; Collinder Comp.Gr. 101
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,uralet-reshet,uralet-lit,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *apju-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: smoke, fume, vapour
Russian meaning: дым, пар
Proto-Yupik: *apju-
Proto-Inupik: *apju-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 38
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *apju-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: smoke, fume
Russian Meaning: дым
Sirenik: //apj_ǝχ, apj_úχtuqcǝ́χ 'to smoke', apj_íʁǝcá 'vapour'
Naukan: apj_úk
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: apsuq
Chugach (Birket-Smith): apsụq
Central Alaskan Yupik: apsuq, apsuʁi- 'hazy, smoky'
Nunivak (Peripheral): apsoq*, apsiχ*
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 38
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ạpju-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: smoke, haze, mist
Russian meaning: дым, дымка
Seward Peninsula Inupik: apjuq
SPI Dialects: Imaq apj_úq
North Alaskan Inupik: avjuq
NAI Dialects: Mal apjuq 'dust', apjuq- 'to smoke, to be dusty'
WCI Dialects: Cor aʁjuk* 'dust'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 38
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wcis,inupet-ced,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝpi-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): дым, очаг
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ipi " ~ *ǝpi "
Proto-Itelmen: *'upǝl-
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ipi " ~ *ǝpi "
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): дым 1, пар 2
Koryak: ipi-ip " 1, 2
Palan: hipi-hip " 1
Alutor: ipi-ip " 2
Comments: Наличие начального придыхания в пал. указывает на первоначальное *ǝpi. Ср. чук. w-ipi-k 'марево, туман' (АБ) < 'черный дым, пар'.
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,chuket-comments,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *'upǝl-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): очаг
West Itelmen: 'opǝlat-no-m
West Itelmen meaning: focus
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): ognisko
South Itelmen: pau̯č
South Itelmen meaning (Latin): fornax
South Itelmen meaning (Polish): piec
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-sit,itelet-sitmea,itelet-sitmep,

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