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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tàĺbe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: harness
Russian meaning: упряжь
Turkic: *duĺa-
Mongolian: *delbeg
Japanese: *dǝ̀sǝ̀p-
Comments: In Turk. one would expect *-ɨ-; the reflex -u- is probably due to the effect of the original labial in -ĺb-. Note that some forms (Tat., Bashk., Yak.) actually reflect *-ɨ-, so perhaps for PT one should rather assume here a form like *dɨĺo-.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *duĺa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hobble 2 hobble
Russian meaning: 1 стреножить 2 путы
Karakhanid: tuš 'a belt buckle' (MK, KB), tuša- 1 (KB), tušaq 2 (MK)
Turkish: duša- (dial.)
Tatar: tɨšaw 2
Middle Turkic: (MKypch.) tuša- 1, tušaq 2 (AH)
Uzbek: tušɔw 2
Uighur: čušä- 1
Turkmen: dušaq 2
Khakassian: tuza- 1
Shor: tuža- 1
Oyrat: tuža- 1
Chuvash: tъʷlъʷ 2
Yakut: tɨhɨta 'clothing buckle' (?)
Tuva: du`ža- 1
Tofalar: duša- 1
Kirghiz: tuša- 1
Kazakh: tusa- 1
Noghai: tɨsaw 2
Bashkir: tɨša- 1
Karakalpak: tusa- 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 3, 306, EDT 558 (OT tuš 'buckle'), 561, 562. Turk. > MMong. tušaɣa, WMong. tuša-, tusi- 'hobble', see Clark 1980, 42, Щербак 1997, 159, whence Evk. tusā etc., see Doerfer MT 131, Аникин 190.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *delbeg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reins
Russian meaning: вожжи
Written Mongolian: delbeg (L 247)
Middle Mongolian: delbeget (SH)
Khalkha: delbeg
Comments: Mong. > Chuv. tilpxepe, see Róna-Tas 1971-1972.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *dǝ̀sǝ̀p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to equip 2 equipment
Russian meaning: 1 облачаться, снаряжаться 2 снаряжение
Old Japanese: josop-, josop(w)op- 1, josopji 2
Middle Japanese: jòsòf-, jòsòfòf- 1, jòsòfì 2
Tokyo: yosṓ-, yosó- / yòso- 1, yosói 2
Kyoto: yósṓ-, yósó- 1, yósóí 2
Kagoshima: yosṓ-, yosó- 1, yosói 2
Comments: JLTT 578, 787. Modern dialects reflect also a variant with high tone: it must be secondary, under the influence of *dǝ́sǝ̀ 'outer side' (interpreted as a compound *dǝ́sǝ̀ + ǝ̀p- 'put clothes on the outer side').
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *taxlwV
Meaning: to bind, harness
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *tàĺbe
Uralic: *tulkV
Kartvelian: *txew(l)-
Dravidian: *taḷ-
References: ND 2369 *ṭuĺ(V)[G]V 'to spread like a veil/net' (+ Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1090
Proto: *tulkV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: net
German meaning: Zugnetz
Komi (Zyrian): ti̮l (S) 'Zugnetz'
Khanty (Ostyak): tŏχǝt (Ni.), tŏχǝл (Kaz.)
Mansi (Vogul): tolǝj (LM), toliɣ (So.)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *txew(l)-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ловить, искать
English meaning: to catch, search
Georgian: txevl-, Old Georg. txevl-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): ловить рыбу сетью
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to catch fish with net
Svan: txēl-, txw-
Svan meaning (Rus.): искать, охотиться
Svan meaning (Eng.): to search, to hunt
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 98, EWK 172.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *taḷ-
Meaning : to bind, chain
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *taḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *tal-
Brahui : ta-fing
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-bra,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *taḷ-
Meaning : to bind
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : taḷai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to fasten, bind, chain
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) id., to entangle, confine, restrain; n. fastening, cord, rope; taḷaiyam bonds, fetters; taṭku (taṭki-) to bind, enchain
Malayalam : taḷa
Malayalam meaning : fetters, foot-rope for climbing palm trees
Malayalam derivates : taḷekka to fetter, shackle; taḷeppu fettering
Kannada : taḷ
Kannada meaning : to be joined, intertwined, yoked
Kannada derivates : taḷe a tie, tether; taḷḷi connexion, association, company; daḷe to join by sewing together, seam
Kodagu : taḷe, daḷe
Kodagu meaning : loop of rope, noose
Tulu : talè
Tulu meaning : rope for climbing palm trees
Tulu derivates : taḷḷi intercourse, association; saḷè a sling, snare
Proto-Nilgiri : *taḷ-
Number in DED : 3133
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *taḷ-
Meaning : sp. plant from whose bark string is made
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : toɫ̣c
Number in DED : 3133
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *tal-
Meaning : tether or halter for cattle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : talugu
Dialectal forms (1) : talagu (B)
Additional forms : Also (VPK) [1] talugu, [2] talgu, [3] tagulu, [4] tolugu, [5] taluvu, [6] tanugu id.; ? [1] tālcu, [2] tālucu to twist, twine
Number in DED : 3133
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : ta-fing
Meaning : to tie up, bind, bewitch, build, construct (embankment); become congealed, gather (of clouds)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Number in DED : 3133
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVLV
Meaning : to tie, net
Eurasiatic : *taxlwV
Sino-Caucasian : *ṭVɫV
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ṭVɫV
Meaning: to tie; net
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *jeṭal-
Sino-Tibetan: *t(h)ol (~-ɫ)
Basque: *lotu
Comments and references : BCD 9.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *jeṭal-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to tie, bind; untie
Proto-Lak: =aṭi-
Proto-Dargwa: *čV-lṭVn-
Proto-Lezghian: *jeṭal-
Proto-West Caucasian: *ṭa
Notes: The semantic change 'to bind' > 'to gather' is natural, and the etymology seems satisfactory. One can also compare Av. baṭárhin 'woollen belt, strap' (although the morphological structure of this derivate is not quite clear). See Abdokov 1983, 126-127 (citing also an Av. verb b-uṭine 'to be tied' which we were unable to identify).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: =aṭi-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to gather
Lak form: =aṭi-n
Comments: G. pr. =a=ṭu-n. Cf. Khosr. =aṭi-n id. An old derivate (reflecting the archaic meaning 'to bind') is probably Lak. buṭa 'rope'.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *čV-lṭVn-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to put on (trousers, shoes)
Chiragh: če-lṭVn-/če-jṭ-
Comments: The original meaning was probably 'to tie round (one's waist, foot)', cf. the external evidence.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *jeṭal-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to tie, bind
Lezghian: k-uṭun-
Tabasaran: ji=ṭ-
Agul: iṭ-
Rutul: s-i=ṭa-
Tsakhur: i=ṭal-
Kryz: ju=ṭul-
Budukh: w-e=ṭl-
Archi: e=ṭin-
Comment: Cf. also Lezg. iliṭ-iz 'to bind round', Ag. Bursh. ilṭan- 'to bind, tie', Tsakh. pret. a=ṭɨl. Belongs to the strong verb class in PL. A common Lezghian derivate is *ṭil: Lezg. c̣il (Khl. c̣il), Tab. č̣il (lit. ṭil, Düb. ṭil), Ag. ṭil 'thick rope', Arch. ṭili ( < *ṭilV-j) 'crossbelt, baldric'.

    See Трубецкой 1930, 89; Гигинейшвили 1977, 81.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ṭa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to untie, unbind 2 to get untied
Abkhaz: á-ṭ-la-ra 2
Abaza: r-ṭ-la-ra 1
Adyghe: p-ṭa-ta-n 1
Kabardian: ṭa-ta-n 1
Ubykh: -ṭa- 2
Comments: PAT *ṭǝ-la- (with the auxiliary -la-; also *rǝ-ṭǝ-la- with the causative prefix *rǝ-); PAK *ṭa-ta- (the morpheme *ṭa- is also used in several compounds: PAK *ṭa-č̣́ǝ- 'to undress', *ṭa-ʁa- 'to put on (as dress)', see Kuipers 1975, 18). Ub. -ṭa- in a-ṭa-q̇á "il fut délié"; cf. also ṭa-Lá- 'to unbind' (a-s-ṭa-Lá-n).
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *t(h)ol (~-ɫ)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: net, trap
Tibetan: dol net, fishing-net.
Lushai: tol a special k. of trap.
Comments: Cf. PAN *bintul (but also *bintur) 'fish or crab trap'.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-lush,stibet-comments,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *lot-tu
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to tie, bind 2 to grasp, seize 3 to put out (lights) 4 bond, tie 5 bandage
Bizkaian: lotu 1
Gipuzkoan: lotu 1, (Andoain) lotura 4, (Tolosa) lotura 5
High Navarrese: lotu 1, 2, lotura 5
Low Navarrese: lothu 2, (Aldude) lothura 4, 5
Salazarese: lotura 4
Lapurdian: lothu 2, (Donibane) lotura 4, (Ainhoa) lothura 5
Zuberoan: lóthu 2
Roncalese: lotu 3
Comments: The stem is *lot- (Trask 1999).
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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