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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *taja
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to lean on
Russian meaning: прислоняться, опираться
Turkic: *daja-
Mongolian: *daji- (?)
Tungus-Manchu: *daja-
Japanese: *tajǝ-r- ( ~ -ua-)
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 71. The Mong. form is somewhat dubious here for semantic reasons. Cf. perhaps also MKor. tái- 'mast' ( < 'stick, prop').
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *daja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to prop 2 to lean
Russian meaning: 1 подпирать, прислонять 2 опираться
Karakhanid: taja- 1 (MK)
Turkish: daja- 1, dajan- 2
Tatar: tajan- 2
Middle Turkic: taja- 1 (Sangl.), 2 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: taja- 1, tajan- 2
Uighur: tajan- 2
Sary-Yughur: tajan- 2
Azerbaidzhan: daja-
Turkmen: daja- 1, dajan- 2
Khakassian: tajan- 2
Shor: tajan- 2
Oyrat: taja- 1, tajan- 2
Chuvash: toja 'staff' [tajan- 2 < Tat.]
Yakut: tajā- 1, tajan- 2
Dolgan: tajan- 2
Tuva: dajan- 2
Tofalar: daj̃aq 'staff' (Рас. ФиЛ)
Kirghiz: taja- 1, tajan- 2
Kazakh: taja- 1
Noghai: taja- 1, tajan- 2
Bashkir: taja- 1, tajan- 2
Balkar: tajan- 2
Gagauz: daja- 1, dajan- 2
Karaim: taja- 1
Karakalpak: taja- 1, tajan- 2
Kumyk: taja- 1, tajan- 2
Comments: VEWT 455, EDT 567, ЭСТЯ 3, 125-127, Федотов 2, 259-260, Stachowski 215. Turk. *daja-k 'staff' [perhaps rather *dajna-k because of Tof. and Yak. forms: Yak. tajax, taj̃ax, Dolg. tajax, tańak, see Stachowski 215, 216) > WMong. tajaɣ, Kalm. tajǝg (KW 374-375, TMN 2, 445, Щербак 1997, 152).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *daji-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bend, sway
Russian meaning: наклоняться, раскачиваться
Written Mongolian: daji-bal-, (L 221) dajiba-
Khalkha: dajba- 'quake, shake'
Buriat: dajbagar 'club-footed'
Kalmuck: dǟwl-
Ordos: dǟwalǯi-
Monguor: dēwāl- (MGCD 190)
Comments: KW 83. Mong. > Yak., Dolg. dajbā- (Kaɫ. JW 182, Stachowski 77).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *daja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lean
Russian meaning: прислоняться, опираться
Literary Manchu: daja-
Comments: ТМС 1, 199. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tajǝ-r- ( ~ -ua-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lean on, rely on
Russian meaning: опираться, полагаться на
Middle Japanese: tajor-
Tokyo: tayór-
Kyoto: táyór-
Kagoshima: tayór-
Comments: JLTT 766. Original accent not quite clear.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *tajV
Meaning: bow, lean
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *taja
Uralic: *taje (*toja)
Comments: The Uralic root conceals at least three, maybe four: *tajV 'bow, bend', *tajV 'break, kill' [cf. *dVwV and FP *tVyV 'illness'], *tajV 'to pass, be fitting' [cf. PA *tā̀jV 'big, good'], *tajV 'to know, understand' [cf. PA *tuju 'listen, perceive']
References: МССНЯ 350; ND 2306 *tayhV ~ *taGyV ( + Sem.?).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1030
Proto: *taje (*toja)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to bow, incline; break
German meaning: sich beugen, sich neigen (intr.), brechen
Finnish: taipu- 'sich biegen, beugen; sich einer Sache fügen' ( > Saam. N dai'bâ- 'collect oneself; bring oneself to; muddle through', Ko. P taī̯B̄α- 'aufwippen, drehen, mit Anstrengung drehen'); taima (dial.) 'Unterbalken des Giebeldachs; Falte, Biegung', taimi- (dial.) 'Biegung', ? taintu- 'in Ohnmacht fallen', taita- 'können, vermögen, dürfen' ( > Saam. N dai'de- 'be able, be possible'), taitta- 'brechenm falten, in Falten legen', ? tajua- 'begreifen, verstehen' ( > Saam. daggjo- -āj- 'be delirious, furious, mad', Ko. P tǡi̯jα- 'irre reden, sich närrisch benehmen' > Finn. taajo- 'lärmen, scherzen, sich wie verrückt benehmen'), ? taju 'Bewußtsein, Verständnis' ( > Saam. N daggjo 'one who is out of his wits, insane person') ?
Estonian: taibu- 'nicht steif od. unbeweglich sein', taivuta- 'biegen, krümmen', taid (gen. taio) 'Verständigkeit, Achtsamkeit', taid-, taia- 'Gewißheit, Klarheit erhalten, begreifen, verstehen', taju 'Vorstellung, Beobachtung'
Saam (Lapp): doaggje -j- (N) 'break (off), crack', tā̊djē- (L) 'brechen, durchbrechen', ti̮ǝ̑i̯je- (T), tuǝi̯je- (Kld.), tȯ͕̆a͕i̯je- (Ko. P) 'töten; (Ko. auch) brechen, durchbrechen' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): (tijalt- 'abbrechen, entzweibrechen' - rejected by Redei)
Komi (Zyrian): tuj- (S P) 'tauglich, passend, angemessen sein', tu̇,j- 'taugen'
Khanty (Ostyak): ti̊j-, tí̮j- 'taugen' ?
Mansi (Vogul): tǟjǝp- (KU), tǟj- (P), taj- (LO) 'годиться', taj- (N) id. ?
Nenets (Yurak): tujo- (O) 'das Kreuz schlagend und betend sich verneigen (vor dem Heiligenbild)' ?
Kamass: tajlō- 'zerbrechen, niederreißen' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-nen,uralet-kam,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVJV
Meaning : to hang
Eurasiatic : *tajV
Sino-Caucasian : *dUjV
Austric : PAN *bi'tay 'hang'.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,globet-austr,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *mīč̣V ( ~ -šṭ-)
Meaning: dark
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *mīč̣V
Sino-Tibetan: *mūt (~-ǝ̄t)
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *mīč̣V
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dark
Proto-Nakh: *māč̣-u(n) (~ -ǯ-)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *mVč̣V-
Proto-Lak: murč̣i-
Proto-Lezghian: *mič̣[ä]-
Proto-Khinalug: mič̣ä
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. The original meaning was, perhaps, 'dark grey' or 'dark yellow' (in Lak. 'dark' > 'blind', which is a rather usual semantic development). The Lak. form contains an adjectival infix (going back to a suffix) -r-: murč̣i- < *mič̣rV- < *mīč̣V-rV-.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *māč̣-u(n) (~ -ǯ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 yellow 2 orange
Chechen: mōža 1
Ingush: mɔža 2
Comments: The pure root is preserved in Chech. maž-dan "paint yellow".
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *mVč̣V-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 dark grey 2 yellow
Avar: máč̣a-b 1
Chadakolob: mač̣a-b 2
Comments: Av. > Gunz. mač̣ab 'yellow'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: murč̣i-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: blind
Lak form: murč̣i-s:a
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *mič̣[ä]-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 dark 2 black
Lezghian: mič̣i 1
Tabasaran: muč̣u 1
Agul: muč̣e-f 1
Rutul: mič̣a-q-dɨ 1 (Shin.)
Tsakhur: mɨč̣a-χ-ɨn 1
Kryz: mič̣e 1
Budukh: mič̣i 1
Archi: mač̣a 1
Udi: maIjin 2
Comment: In Rut. and Tsakh. the root is expanded by a suffix (probably locative in origin).

    Cf. Лексика 1971, 226; Гигинейшвили 1977, 102.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-arc,lezget-udi,lezget-comment,

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Khinalug etymology :

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Khinalug root: mič̣ä
North Caucasian etymology: 300
Meaning: black
Khinalug form: mič̣ä
khinet-prnum,khinet-meaning,khinet-khi,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *mūt (~-ɨ̄-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dark
Chinese: *smǝ̄t dark.
Kachin: mut2 be grey.
Lepcha: kŭr-mót freckles of face, sentigo, also ephelis or any similar slight alteration of pigment
Comments: Cf. Chepang [hmeʔ-]mut 'ashes'; LB Zhaiwa mu_t.55 mau.55 'cloud', Rawang rǝmit, Dulong rɨ-mɨt id.; Bodo *rǝ-mǝt 'yellow'.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-kach,stibet-lepcha,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: hū
Preclassic Old Chinese: sm(h)ǝ̄t
Classic Old Chinese: (s)m̥ǝ̄t
Western Han Chinese: (s)m̥ǝ̄t
Eastern Han Chinese: m̥ǝ̄t
Early Postclassic Chinese: hwǝ̄t
Middle Postclassic Chinese: hwǝ̄t
Late Postclassic Chinese: hwǝ̄t
Middle Chinese: xot
English meaning : dark
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,

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