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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tago
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sharp, to cut
Russian meaning: острый, резать
Turkic: *dogra-
Mongolian: *daɣa-
Tungus-Manchu: *da(ga)-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dogra-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cut into slices, small pieces
Russian meaning: резать ломтиками, кусочками
Karakhanid: toɣra- (MK)
Turkish: dōra-
Tatar: tura-
Middle Turkic: toɣra- (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tọɣra-
Uighur: toɣra-
Sary-Yughur: torɣa-
Azerbaidzhan: doGra-
Turkmen: doGra-
Khakassian: toɣɨra-
Shor: toɣra-
Oyrat: tuɣra-
Halaj: torɣa-
Chuvash: tura-
Yakut: tōrot-
Tuva: dōra-
Tofalar: dōra-
Kirghiz: tūra-
Kazakh: tura-
Noghai: tuwra-
Bashkir: tura-
Balkar: tuwra-
Gagauz: dora-
Karaim: doGra-, tuvra-
Karakalpak: tuwra-
Kumyk: tuwra-
Comments: EDT 472, ЭСТЯ 3, 248-249, Ашм. XIV, 151, Федотов 2, 251.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *daɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be able to cut 2 cuttability
Russian meaning: 1 резать (о ноже, пиле) 2 режущая способность
Written Mongolian: daɣa- 1
Khalkha: dā- 1
Buriat: dā- 1, dāsa 2
Kalmuck: dā-
Baoan: da-
Dagur: dā- 1 (MD 131)
Shary-Yoghur: dā-
Monguor: dā- 'entrer dans' (SM 37)
Comments: KW 81, MGCD 183. The root has merged with daɣa- 'to be able, endure', but seems to preserve its old meaning.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *da(ga)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sharp 2 to cut
Russian meaning: 1 острый 2 резать
Spoken Manchu: dačun 1 (1735)
Literary Manchu: da-čun 1
Jurchen: da-ču-gi 1 (801)
Ulcha: dā-qarụ 1
Nanai: dā-rị- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 191.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *tVgV
Meaning: sharp
Indo-European: *dhāg-
Altaic: *tago
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dhāg-
Meaning: to sharpen
Armenian: daku, pl. gen. dakvach `Axt'
Old Greek: thǟ́gō, thǟgánō, aor. thǟ̂ksai̯ `wetzen, schärfen, anfeuern', thǟgón = oksǘ, ēkonēménon, thē̂ksis = rhopḗ, stigmḗ, tákhos Hsch., thǟgánǟ f. `Wetzstein'
Russ. meaning: точить, острить
References: WP I 822 f
piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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