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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sònŋu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: trace, back, behind
Russian meaning: след, зад
Turkic: *soŋ
Mongolian: *sun-du-
Tungus-Manchu: *soŋka ( ~ *sonŋV-ka)
Japanese: *sùm-
Comments: EAS 119, KW 337 (the Turk.-Mong. match seems valid despite criticism in TMN 1, 348).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *soŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: back, end, after
Russian meaning: задняя часть, конец, позади
Old Turkic: soŋ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: soŋ (MK)
Turkish: son
Tatar: sŭŋ
Middle Turkic: soŋ (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: sɔŋ
Uighur: soŋ
Sary-Yughur: soŋ
Azerbaidzhan: son
Turkmen: soŋ
Khakassian: soŋ
Shor: sōn,
Oyrat: soŋ
Halaj: soj
Tuva: soŋ,
Kirghiz: soŋ
Kazakh: soŋ
Noghai: soŋ
Bashkir: huŋ
Gagauz: sonu
Karaim: soŋ, son
Karakalpak: soŋ
Salar: son
Kumyk: soŋ
Comments: EDT 832-833, VEWT 428, TMN 3, 337, ЭСТЯ 7. Cf. also Karakh. (MK) sɨŋarsuk 'back side of the horse'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sun-du-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to ride sitting behind the rider 2 to follow one another
Russian meaning: 1 сидеть верхом позади наездника 2 идти следом
Written Mongolian: sundula-, sundala- 1 (L 737)
Middle Mongolian: sundu-la- 1, sundu-r- 2 (SH), sundula- (MA)
Khalkha: sundla- 1
Buriat: hundalda- 1
Kalmuck: sundǝl- 1
Ordos: sundala- 1
Comments: KW 337, TMN 1, 348. Mong. > Manchu sundala- etc. (see Rozycki 190-191).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *soŋka ( ~ *sonŋV-ka)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: trace
Russian meaning: след
Spoken Manchu: soŋqǝ, soŋqu (2384)
Literary Manchu: soŋqo
Comments: ТМС 2, 111. Attested only in Manchu; but cf. perhaps also Sol. son-či- 'to ride' (ibid.), perhaps < 'sit behind the rider' (cf. the meanings in Mong. *sun-du-).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sùm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to end
Russian meaning: кончаться
Middle Japanese: sùm-
Tokyo: súm-
Kyoto: súm-
Kagoshima: sùm-
Comments: JLTT 759.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sVŋV
Meaning: back
Indo-European: *son-
Altaic: *sònŋu
Uralic: *śäŋkV
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 965
Proto: *śäŋkV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: back, ass
German meaning: der Hintere, Arsch
Mari (Cheremis): šǝŋɣǝń (KB) 'rückwärts', šeŋɣel (U B), šeŋkeĺ (M) 'das Hintere, Hinter-, hinten befindlich'
Mansi (Vogul): säŋo (TJ), sɔ̄̈ŋko (KU), sāŋk (P), sāŋoko (So.) 'die Weichen', sāŋk (LM) 'Lende', soaŋkw (P) 'Hüfte; Schenkel'
Hungarian: segg 'der Hintere, Arsch'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,

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