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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯ū́t`i (~ -t-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: milk, a k. of liquid
Russian meaning: молоко, вид жидкости
Turkic: *sǖt
Mongolian: *ü-sü-n
Tungus-Manchu: *site-
Korean: *stɨ́-
Comments: Лексика 449. Mong. cannot be a Turkic loanword, despite Щербак 1997, 150. The form must be traced to *süt-sün > *sü-sün (with a regular dissimilative development > *üsün). Kor. has a frequent loss of vowel between a fricative and a stop. The original meaning must have been 'liquid' or 'milk-like liquid' (with drops or bubbles on the surface) - whence, on the one hand, "sweat" and "soak", on the other - "milk" (in the Turk.-Mong. area).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sǖt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: milk
Russian meaning: молоко
Old Turkic: süt (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: süt (MK)
Turkish: süt
Tatar: sü̆t
Middle Turkic: süt (AH, Abush.), süd (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: sut
Uighur: süt
Sary-Yughur: süt, söt
Azerbaidzhan: süd
Turkmen: sǖt
Khakassian: süt
Shor: süt
Oyrat: süt
Halaj: sīt
Chuvash: sǝʷt
Yakut: ǖt
Tuva: süt
Kirghiz: süt
Kazakh: süt
Noghai: süt
Bashkir: hü̆t
Balkar: süt
Gagauz: süt
Karaim: süt
Karakalpak: süt
Salar: süt
Kumyk: süt
Comments: EDT 798, VEWT 438, Лексика 448-449, ЭСТЯ 7.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ü-sü-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: milk
Russian meaning: молоко
Written Mongolian: sü(n) (L 744), üsün
Middle Mongolian: sün (SH), sūn (IM), su (MA), sūn (Lig.VMI)
Khalkha: sǖ(n)
Buriat: hün, dial. ühe(n)
Kalmuck: sün, üsn
Ordos: üsü(n)
Dagur: (Тод. Даг. 164, MD 213)
Shary-Yoghur: sun
Monguor: sun (SM 360)
Mogol: sün; ZM sun (15-5a)
Comments: KW 340, 460, MGCD 614. Mong. > Manchu sun (see Rozycki 190).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *site-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to soak (intr.) 2 slightly trickling (of woman's milk)
Russian meaning: 1 промокать 2 скудно, мало (о молоке кормящей женщины)
Negidal: site- 1
Ulcha: site- 1
Nanai: sitã 2 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 100.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *stɨ́-m
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 sweat 2 water after washing rice
Russian meaning: 1 пот 2 вода после промывки риса
Modern Korean: t:am 1, t:ɨmul 2
Middle Korean: stɨ́-m 1, stɨ́-mɨ́r 2
Comments: HMCH 209, Liu 249, KED 409, 526.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *c`UtV
Meaning: a k. of liquid
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ksu̯eid-
Altaic: *si̯ū́t`i (~ -t-)
Uralic: *sOtV 'Fett, Talg (des Rentiers)' [cf. also *šōδe 'flow, penetrate through a hole']
Kartvelian: *ć̣wet-
Dravidian: *Coṭ-
References: ND 368 *c̣otV (Kartv. + Drav. + Arab. sadā 'night dew'); 2131 *süt(y)V 'to drink, suck; milk' (IE + Alt + Sem + Svan. -šdm- 'drink'?). Cf. *C̣uńtV.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ksweid-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: milk, butter
Avestan: xšvī̆d- m. 'Milch; flüssige Nahrung überhaupt'
Baltic: *sweîd-(s)t-a-/*sweĩd-(s)t-a- c.
Russ. meaning: молочный продукт
References: WP II 521
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-avest,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *sweîd-(s)t-a-/*sweĩd-(s)t-a- c.
Meaning: butter
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: svíesta-s `Butter'
Lettish: sviêsts (/ svìests Mar.) `Butter'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1922
Root: su̯ēid-
English meaning: milk
German meaning: `Milch'
Material: Ai. kṣvidyati, kṣvēdatē (unbel.) `wird feucht'; av. xšvīd- m. `Milch', vielleicht zu lit. svíesti `schmieren', lett. svaîdît ds., lit. svíestas `Butter', lett. sviê(k)st ds.
References: WP. II 521, WH. II 624;
See also: s. auch su̯eid- oben S. 1042, Z. 5.
Pages: 1043
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 930
Proto: *sOtV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: fat (of a reindeer)
German meaning: Fett, Talg (des Rentiers)
Saam (Lapp): ši̊t (T, gen. -tti̊ge), ši̮δa (Kld.) 'Seehundspeck in natürlichem Zustande' ?
Nenets (Yurak): tūʔ (O), tut (Nj.) 'Talg, Fett (z. B. unter dem Fell des Rentiers)' ?
Enets (Yen): tū (gen. turoʔ) (Ch.), tu (gen. tudoʔ) (B) 'Rentiertalg' ?
Nganasan (Tawgi): t́ụʔ, čüʔ 'Rentiertalg' ?
Addenda: Mot. tun 'Fett'; Taig. tun
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-add,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ć̣wet-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: капля, капать
English meaning: drop, to drop
Georgian: c̣wet-
Megrel: č̣vat-, č̣vet-
Svan: wed-
Laz: č̣vet-, č̣ot-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 250, EWK 524. Ср. алт. *sūt`i 'капля, жидкость; молоко'; ПИЕ *sweid- 'пот; молоко'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *Coṭ-
Meaning : to drop, drop
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *čoṭ-
Proto-Telugu : *coṭ-
Brahui : cuṭ
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-bra,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *čoṭ-
Meaning : to drop
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : coṭṭu (coṭṭi-)
Tamil meaning : to fall in drops, drizzle; n. a drop
Kannada : toṭṭu
Kannada meaning : a drop
Kannada derivates : taṭaku a drop as of honey, water, etc., a small quantity, a little; taṭakkane, toṭakkane in drops
Tulu : taṭakụ
Tulu meaning : a drop
Proto-Nilgiri : *soṭ-
Number in DED : 2835
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *soṭ-
Meaning : to drip
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : coṭ- (coṭy-) "to leak, fall in drops"
Toda : swɨṭ- (swɨṭy-) "to drop (of liquids; intr., tr.)"
Additional forms : Also Kota coṭ, coṭl a drop; Toda swɨṭ a drop
Number in DED : 2835
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *coṭ-
Meaning : onom. of the action and sound of any liquid leaking or falling in drops
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : coṭa coṭa
Additional forms : Also toṭṭu to flow, ooze
Number in DED : 2835
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : cuṭ
Meaning : a drop
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Additional forms : Also BRA cuṭṭing to drip; cuṛing, cuṛēnging to get soaked
Number in DED : 2835
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-addition,braet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVTV
Meaning : drink, liquid
Eurasiatic : *CUtV
Afroasiatic : *sataw-/*satay-
African (misc.) : Bantu *-cúdò 'stream' (better with 'flow').
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-afr,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *sataw-/*satay-
Meaning: drink
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *šVtVy- 'drink'
Central Chadic: *sawat- 'be, make thirsty' 1, 'drink' 2
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1463
Proto-Semitic: *šVtVy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink'
Akkadian: šatû
Ugaritic: šty
Hebrew: šty
Aramaic: šty
Geʕez (Ethiopian): satya
Tigre: sätäyä
Harari: säce
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-uga,semet-hbr,semet-arm,semet-gzz,semet-tgr,semet-hrr,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *sa/wa/t-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'be, make thirsty' 1, 'drink' 2
Bura: sata 2 [Ann]
Mafa=Matakam: sawat- 1 [BMaf]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-bur,cchet-mtk,

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