Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *p`ṑńŋa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to crush, break, tear off
Russian meaning: разрушать, ломать, отдирать
Turkic: *oŋur-, *oŋ-
Tungus-Manchu: *pōnŋa- / *pēnŋa-
Korean: *pằńằ-
Japanese: *pànà-
Comments: One of the common Altaic "Verba des Schlagens". Korean has a usual low verbal tone.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *oŋur-, *oŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to crush, break off
Russian meaning: ломать, отламывать
Karakhanid: oɣur- (MK)
Tatar: umɨr-
Turkmen: oŋur-, omur-
Khakassian: or-
Yakut: oŋ- 'to pick out'
Dolgan: oŋ- 'to pick out'
Tuva: ōr-
Kirghiz: omur-
Kazakh: omɨr-
Noghai: omɨr-
Bashkir: umɨr-
Karakalpak: omɨr-
Comments: EDT 91, ЭСТЯ 1, 461; Stachowski 194. Derived is PT *oŋur-tka 'spine, backbone' (see ЭСТЯ 1, 463-464).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pōnŋa- / *pēnŋa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to crush, crushed 2 to chop
Russian meaning: 1 расколоть, разбить 2 рубить
Evenki: hōŋna-, hōŋnī-, hoŋ- 2
Even: hōn-, ōnŋa- 2
Negidal: xoŋnị- 2
Ulcha: peŋ 1
Orok: peŋ, pem 1
Nanai: peŋ, pēŋ (adv.) 1
Oroch: xōŋi- 2
Udighe: xuaŋni- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 47, 329.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *pằńằ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to crush, break
Russian meaning: ломать, разламывать
Modern Korean: pasu-
Middle Korean: pằńằ-
Comments: Nam 242.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *pànà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to chop off
Russian meaning: отрубать
Old Japanese: pana-
Middle Japanese: fànà-
Tokyo: hané-
Kyoto: háné-
Kagoshima: hané-
Comments: JLTT 684. The accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *ṗVjńV
Meaning: to crush, press
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *p`ṑńŋa crush, break
Uralic: *pajńa (pajna) drücken
References: Diff. in МССНЯ 364, ND 1748 *P_ayńV(qV) 'to press, squeeze, close'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 700
Proto: *pajńa (*pajna)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to press
German meaning: drücken
Finnish: paina- 'drücken; drucken, pressen; färben; quälen, peinigen' ( > Saam. N bai'dne- 'colour; lose colour, rub off; influence, impress', L pai'nē- 'einer Sache Farbe geben, färben', pajne- (Ko. A) 'färben')
Estonian: paina- (dial. paena-) 'drücken, pressen; quälen; bitten'
Mordovian: (pańe- (E M) 'treiben, vertreiben, hinaustreiben' - rejected by Redei)
Udmurt (Votyak): pańǝ̑rt- (K) 'drücken, zerdrücken', pańgat- (S) 'zerdrücken, zertreten, zerbrechen' ?
Komi (Zyrian): pońtal- (Lu.) 'drücken, pressen', pońolt-, pońovt- (Wied.) 'biegen, verbiegen, beugen, niederschlagen' ? (pańgi̮- 'пятнать, салить (в игре)' - rejected by Redei)
Mansi (Vogul): pońǝ.wt- (TJ), pańǝjt- (KU), pońǝt- (P), pońiɣt- (So.) 'drängen, drücken', pańś- (KU), pońs- (P So.) 'niederdrücken'
Kamass: paŋdǝ-, paŋgorǝ- '(nieder)drücken, pressen' ? [presupposing *paŋńe-]
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-mrd,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-man,uralet-kam,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : HVNV
Meaning : eat
Eurasiatic : *UNV
Afroasiatic : ? *ʔunay- meat (?) (cf. also *hun- 'heart, stomach'?)
Sino-Caucasian : Cf. PEA *-āń eat
Austric : *-ʔVn eat
Amerind (misc.) : *anena 'meat' (R 468) (or to *NVNV 'fish'?); *nan 'tooth; eat' (R 774) [+ A]
Notes : ? PSC *=ixŋwV 'graze'.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-notes,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔunay- (?)
Meaning: meat
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʔunVy- 'kind of meat'
Central Chadic: *nay- 'meat'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,

Search within this database


Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1549
Proto-Semitic: *ʔunay-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'meat'
Akkadian: unû
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,

Search within this database


Central Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-CChadic: *nya[n]-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'meat'
Munjuk: nè́ŋ [TrMnj]
Musgu: nē, nɛŋ, niŋ [LkM]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mnj,cchet-msg,

Search within this database


Austric etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Austric: *ʔVn
Meaning: eat
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Miao-Yao parallels: *nVN eat
Proto-Austronesian: *kaʔen
Austronesian meaning: eat
Proto-Thai: *kVn
Thai meaning: eat
References: Ben 287, Peiros 1998, 100.
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-myao,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,austr-taime,austr-bibl,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
59800288055
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov