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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`i̯ŏ̀ŕe ( ~ *p`ĕ̀ŕo)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to screw, carve, scratch
Russian meaning: ввинчивать, вырезать, скрести
Turkic: *ẹŕ-
Mongolian: *(h)erü-
Tungus-Manchu: *pur- / *per-
Japanese: *pǝ̀r-
Comments: Poppe 103. The Jpn. form may reflect a merger with another root > Mong. *bula- 'to dig, bury'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ẹŕ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to scratch, scrape 2 to knead, press 3 to grind, crush 4 to soak, dilute 5 to rub, smear
Russian meaning: 1 скрести, царапать 2 разминать, давить 3 толочь, растирать 4 мочить, разжижать 5 растирать, обмазывать
Karakhanid: ez- (MK) 1
Turkish: ez- 2, 3, 4
Tatar: iz- 2
Middle Turkic: ez- (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.) 5
Uzbek: ez- 2, 5
Uighur: äz- 2, 3
Azerbaidzhan: äz- 2
Turkmen: ez- 4
Halaj: äz- 2
Chuvash: ir- 2, 4
Kirghiz: ez- 2
Kazakh: ez- 2, 4
Noghai: ez- 2
Bashkir: iδ- 2
Balkar: ez- 2, 3
Gagauz: ez- 2, 3
Karaim: ez- 2, 3
Karakalpak: ez- 2
Kumyk: ez- 3
Comments: EDT 279, ЭСТЯ 1, 235-236, Егоров 71, Федотов 1, 170.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)erü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dig, hack
Russian meaning: копать, рубить, долбить
Written Mongolian: erü- (L 332)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pur- / *per-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 screw 2 to engrail 3 bore, drill 4 to gnaw (of mice, rats) 5 notch, scar
Russian meaning: 1 винт, винтовая нарезка 2 делать винтовую нарезку 3 сверлить 4 грызть (о мышах, крысах) 5 зазубрина
Evenki: huriwūk 1, huril- 2, herewul 3; purul- 3 ( < *Nan.)
Literary Manchu: furdan 5
Nanai: furgi- 4
Comments: ТМС 2, 44, 303, 352.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pǝ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dig, carve, engrave
Russian meaning: копать, вырезать, гравировать
Old Japanese: p(w)or-
Middle Japanese: fòr-
Tokyo: hór-
Kyoto: hór-
Kagoshima: hòr-
Comments: JLTT 693.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVrV
Meaning: to cut, carve
Indo-European: *per-
Altaic: *p`i̯ŏ̀ŕe ( ~ *p`ĕ̀ŕo)
Uralic: *pure 'bite' ?
Dravidian: *pīr_- (*-d_-)
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *par-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to cut, to bore
Tokharian: A pär (pärr-), B prere (PT *pärere) 'arrow' (Adams 420)
Old Greek: péi̯rō, aor. pẹ̄̂rai̯, pass. éparēn, pf. p. peparméno- `durchdringen, durchbohren, durchstechen', diam-perés `ganz hindurch, unterbrochen', perónǟ f. `Spange, Schnalle', peráō 'to drive, pass right through; to penetrate, pirce; to pass'
Slavic: *perītī (`durchbohren' etc.), *nā-perjǭ `durchboren'
Latin: pars, gen. -tis, acc. -tim, abl. -tī, pl. gen. -tium f. `Teil, Abteilung, Stück; Anteil; Körpereeil, Geschlechtsteil'; prō portiōne `[je] nach dem Verhältnis' (отсюда prōportiō)
Russ. meaning: резать, прорезать, просверливать
References: WP II 41
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 829
Proto: *pure
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to bite
German meaning: beissen
Finnish: pure- 'beißen; stechen'
Estonian: pure- 'beißen, nagen, kauen'
Saam (Lapp): bǫrrâ- (N) 'eat; chew; bite', pårrå- (L), porri̊- (T), pōrre-, porre- (Kld. Not. A)
Mordovian: poŕe- (E M) 'kauen, nagen, zerfressen'
Mari (Cheremis): pǝ̑ra- (KB), pura- (U B) 'beißen; kauen'
Udmurt (Votyak): pur- (S), puri̮- (J) 'zerbeißen, zerfleischen'
Komi (Zyrian): pur- (S P PO) 'beißen'
Khanty (Ostyak): pŏr- (V), păr- (DN O) 'beißen; stechen, schmerzen'
Mansi (Vogul): por- (TJ KU), pur- (PSo.) 'beißen'
Janhunen's version: (46) *pori6-
Sammalahti's version: *pori6-
Addenda: Mot. or-šotam 'essen'; Karag. chor-šim; Taig. hor-su
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *pīr_- (*-d_-)
Meaning : to be torn
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *pīr_-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *pīr_-
Meaning : to tear, be torn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : pīr_u (pīr_i-)
Tamil meaning : to be torn; tear, rip, split, lacerate; n. rent, tear
Tamil derivates : pīr_al, pīr_r_al tearing, rending, slitting, rent, rip
Malayalam : pīr_u
Malayalam meaning : torn, bad, vile
Proto-Nilgiri : *pīr_- (*-r-)
Number in DED : 4230
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *pīr_- (*-r-)
Meaning : to cut (animal's belly), press way through obstruction
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : pīr- (pīry-)
Number in DED : 4230
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,

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