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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`āda
Meaning: to separate, some, other
Russian meaning: отделять, некоторый, другой
Turkic: *adɨ-
Tungus-Manchu: *pādi
Korean: *ptắ-n
Japanese: *pá(n)tú-
Comments: Korean has a frequent vowel loss between two stops (which occurred before *-d- > -r- and thus explains medial -t-). Correspondences are regular except for the aberrant high tone in Jpn.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *adɨ-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to separate
Russian meaning: отделять
Old Turkic: adɨr- (Orkh., OUygh.); adɨn (OUygh.) 'other'
Karakhanid: aδɨr- (MK); aδɨn (MK) 'other'
Turkish: ajɨr-
Tatar: ajɨr-
Middle Turkic: ajɨr- (Abush.)
Uzbek: ajir-
Uighur: ajra-, ajri- (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: azɨr-
Azerbaidzhan: ajɨr-
Turkmen: ajɨr-
Khakassian: azɨr-
Shor: azɨr-
Oyrat: ajrɨ-
Halaj: hadru-, hadur-
Chuvash: ojъr-
Yakut: atɨr-; atɨn 'other'
Dolgan: atɨn 'other'
Tuva: adɨr-
Tofalar: adɨr-
Kirghiz: ajɨr-
Kazakh: ajɨr-
Noghai: ajɨr-
Bashkir: ajɨr-
Balkar: ajɨr-
Gagauz: ajɨr-
Karaim: ajɨr-
Karakalpak: ajɨr-
Kumyk: ajɨr-
Comments: VEWT 6, EDT 60, 66-67, ЭСТЯ 1, 93, 114-116, Федотов 2, 270, Stachowski 39. Turk. > MMo, WMong. aǯira- (see Щербак 1997, 94), whence again Uzb. aǯra- etc. (see ЭСТЯ ibid.).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pādi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: separate(ly)
Russian meaning: отдельный, отдельно
Evenki: hādi 'some, part of'
Even: hādị-n 'some, other'
Literary Manchu: faǯu 'space between'
Ulcha: pāǯị
Orok: padị
Nanai: pāǯị
Solon: adĩ 'some'
Comments: ТМС 2, 305-306. TM *pā 'part' (ibid.) is probably a different root (there is no -di-suffix in TM), so Doerfer's (MT 239) doubts about TM *pādi- = Turk. *ad- have no ground.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ptắ-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: other
Russian meaning: другой
Modern Korean: t:a-n
Middle Korean: ptắ-n
Comments: Nam 138, KED 393.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pá(n)tú-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to separate 2 some, only
Russian meaning: 1 отделять 2 некоторый, только
Old Japanese: patu-ka 2
Middle Japanese: fádú-s- 1
Tokyo: hàzus- 1
Kyoto: házús- 1
Kagoshima: hazús- 1
Comments: JLTT 686.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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