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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`èsì ( ~ -a-)
Meaning: old, former
Russian meaning: старый, прежний
Turkic: *es-(kü)
Mongolian: *(h)esi
Korean: *ps-kɨ́i, *ps-tái
Japanese: *pìsà-si
Comments: See KW 128 (Turk.-Mong.), Лексика 86. Korean has a frequent vowel reduction between a stop and a fricative.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *es-(kü)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: old, ancient
Russian meaning: старый
Old Turkic: eski (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: eski (MK, KB)
Turkish: eski, dial. esgi
Tatar: iske
Middle Turkic: eski (Sangl., Pav. C., AH, IM)
Uzbek: eski
Uighur: eski, öski
Azerbaidzhan: äski, äsilli 'grown up'
Turkmen: esgi
Oyrat: eski
Chuvash: as-lъ 'great', az-(-atte, -anne) 'grandfather, grandmother'
Yakut: ösük 'ancient times'
Kirghiz: eski
Kazakh: eski
Noghai: eski
Bashkir: iɵke
Balkar: eski
Gagauz: i̯eski
Karaim: eski
Karakalpak: eski
Kumyk: esgi, eski
Comments: VEWT 50, ЭСТЯ 1, 306-308, Лексика 86, EDT 246, Федотов 1, 63-64. Cf. also Turk. *asɨ- 'old, last year's' (VEWT 29).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)esi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: origin, beginning
Russian meaning: происхождение, основание, начало
Written Mongolian: esi (L 334)
Khalkha:
Buriat: eše
Kalmuck: ešn
Ordos: iši
Comments: KW 128.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ps-kɨ́i, *ps-tái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 time 2 mealtime
Russian meaning: 1 время 2 время еды
Modern Korean: t:ä 1, k:i 2
Middle Korean: pskɨ́i, pstái 1
Comments: Nam 77, 147, KED 260, 418-419.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pìsà-si
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ancient, long ago
Russian meaning: древний, давно
Old Japanese: pjisasi
Middle Japanese: fìsàsi
Tokyo: hisashí-
Kyoto: hísáshì-
Kagoshima: hisashí-
Comments: JLTT 828.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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