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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ač`V
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to open, split up
Russian meaning: открывать, расщеплять
Turkic: *ač-
Mongolian: *(h)ača
Tungus-Manchu: *pač-
Comments: A Western isogloss. KW 18, Poppe 63, Цинциус 1984, 36-37 (with somewhat different TM data), TMN 2, 14 (:"semantisch unwahrscheinlich").
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ač-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to open
Russian meaning: открывать
Old Turkic: ač- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ač- (MK)
Turkish: ač-
Tatar: ač-
Middle Turkic: ač- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: ɔč-
Uighur: ač-
Sary-Yughur: ač-
Azerbaidzhan: ač-
Turkmen: ač-
Khakassian: as-
Shor: aš-
Oyrat: ač-
Chuvash: oś-
Yakut: as-
Tuva: a'š-
Tofalar: a'š-
Kirghiz: ač-
Kazakh: aš-
Noghai: aš-
Bashkir: as-
Balkar: ač-
Gagauz: ač-
Karaim: ač-
Karakalpak: aš-
Kumyk: ač-
Comments: EDT 18-19, VEWT 3, ЭСТЯ 1, 209-210, Федотов 2, 292.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)ača
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bifurcation
Russian meaning: развилка, разветвление
Written Mongolian: ača(n) (L 7)
Middle Mongolian: āčiba 'развилина' (MA)
Khalkha: ac
Buriat: asa
Kalmuck: acǝ
Ordos: ača
Comments: KW 18. Mong. > Man. ačan, Kirgh. ača etc. (ЭСТЯ 1, 210).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pač-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: crack, split, interval
Russian meaning: щель, промежуток
Even: hačịq
Comments: ТМС 2, 319. Attested only in Evn., but having probable Turkic and Mongolian parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗan[c]V
Meaning: open
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *p`ač`V
Uralic: *panče ~ pače ; päčV (cf. also *pačV )
Kartvelian: *peć-
Comments: Expected *ć in Ur.; Illich-Svitych has 2 roots.
References: МССНЯ 353, 360; ND 1663 *ṗaĉV 'to open, be widened, spread'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 711
Proto: *panče ~ *pače
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to open
German meaning: aufmachen, öffnen
Saam (Lapp): puottsō (L) 'nackt, entblößt, bloß', puoddsōt 'in nacktem Zustand' (?)
Mordovian: panžo- (E), pańže- (M) 'aufmachen, öffnen'
Mari (Cheremis): pača- (KB), poća- (U), poča- (B)
Khanty (Ostyak): puṇc- (V), püṇč- (DN), pus- (O)
Mansi (Vogul): pōnš- (TJ), pūnš- (KU), punš- (P), pūns- (So.)
Sammalahti's version: *panca
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-samm2,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *peć-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: раскрывать
English meaning: to uncover
Megrel: pač-
Notes and references: В МССHЯ 360 сравнивается с урал. *päče 'раздвигаться, расширяться'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVNCV
Meaning : to open, spread
Eurasiatic : *ṗanCV
Afroasiatic : *paĉ-
Reference : ND 1663.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *paĉ-
Meaning: divide, spread, disperse
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *pVŝ- 'distribute'
Egyptian: pšs 'straddle, spread' (pyr) ~ psš, pšs, pš (MK) 'divide'
Western Chadic: *paĉ/s- 'disperse'
East Chadic: *paĉ/č- 'bifurcate' (v.)
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1875
Proto-Semitic: *pVŝ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'distribute'
Syrian Aramaic: pss
Arabic: fšš
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-syr,semet-ara,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: pšs (pyr) 1, psš, pšs, pš (MK) 2
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'straddle, spread' 1, 'divide' 2
Notes: Note sš and šs as a graphic representations of a lateral.
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,egyet-notes,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *paĉ/s-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'disperse'
Hausa: fásà
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *paĉ/č-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'bifurcate' (v.)
Bidiya: pā́čò [JBid]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-bid,

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