Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *pŏ́gí(-rV)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: kidneys, testicles
Russian meaning: почки, testiculi
Turkic: *bögür, *bögrek
Mongolian: *böɣere
Tungus-Manchu: *pugi- / *puki-
Korean: *pɨr / *pur
Japanese: *púnkúri
Comments: KW 57, Владимирцов 195, Martin 250, АПиПЯЯ 68, Дыбо 6, Лексика 278. Despite TMN 2, 353, Щербак 1997, 108, there is no need at all to suppose Mong. < Turkic. The variant *puki- in TM is assimilative ( < *pugi-). Cf. also MKor. pùrǝ̀i 'fish bladder'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *bögür, *bögrek
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kidney(s)
Russian meaning: почки
Old Turkic: bögür (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bögür (MK)
Turkish: böjrek, böbrek
Tatar: büjer, bü̆jĭräk
Middle Turkic: bögrek (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bujrak
Uighur: böräk
Azerbaidzhan: böjür, böjräk
Turkmen: bevrek, bövrek
Khakassian: pügürek, pürek
Shor: pǖrek
Oyrat: börök
Chuvash: püre
Yakut: büör
Tuva: bǖrek
Tofalar: bȫrek
Kirghiz: böjrök
Kazakh: büjĭr, büjrek
Noghai: büjrek
Bashkir: bü̆jü̆r
Balkar: börek
Gagauz: bǖr, bȫrek, bǖrek
Karaim: bögrek, bivrek
Karakalpak: büjir, büjrek
Kumyk: büjrek
Comments: EDT 328, VEWT 83, TMN 2, 353, ЭСТЯ 2, 205-207, Лексика 278, Stachowski 68.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *böɣere
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kidney(s); testicle(s)
Russian meaning: почки; testiculi
Written Mongolian: bögere (L 124)
Middle Mongolian: bo'ere (HY 47, SH)
Khalkha: bȫr
Buriat: bȫre
Kalmuck: bȫrǝ
Ordos: bȫrö
Dongxian: bore, boro
Dagur: būr
Monguor: bōro (SM 28)
Mogol: böärä; ZM bürä (4-4b)
Comments: KW 56-57.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pugi- / *puki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: intestines, stomach
Russian meaning: внутренности, желудок
Evenki: huɣi-te / huki-te
Even: huktъ
Negidal: xuxi-n
Ulcha: puku(n)
Orok: puxi(n)
Nanai: puxĩ
Oroch: xūki
Udighe: xuɣi
Comments: ТМС 2, 339.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *pɨr / *pur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: kidney; testicle
Russian meaning: почка; testiculus
Modern Korean: pul
Middle Korean: pɨr / pur
Comments: Liu 399, 407, KED 832.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *púnkúri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: testicles
Russian meaning: testiculi
Middle Japanese: fúgúri
Tokyo: fuguri (dial.)
Comments: JLTT 416.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *pVKV
Meaning: belly, kidney (?)
Indo-European: *bū̆k- / *bhū̆k- ?
Altaic: *pŏ́gí(-rV) (cf. also *pi̯ā̀ki , *pŭ́k`a)
Uralic: *pikkä (*päkkä) (cf. also *pikkV (*pükkV) )
Eskimo-Aleut: *pǝk(ǝ)ju- (~ *pǝkǝRu-)
References: Hegedűs 1990, 96 (IE-U; lists also Cush. *ba/k/kʷ-).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
etymology.cgi needs just one record for every base, 0 found

Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 774
Proto: *pikkä (*päkkä)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: belly, stomach
German meaning: Magen, Bauch, Ausbauchung
Finnish: päkkä (gen. päkän) 'dickeres Fleisch; dial. Ballen des Fußes od. der Hand' ?
Estonian: päkk (gen. päka) 'Ballen (an der Hand, am Fuß, im Pferdehuf), Hinterbacke, Hode' ?
Saam (Lapp): pahkkē (L) 'Magen des Eichhörnchens' ?
Mordovian: peke (E), pekä (M) 'Magen, Bauch'
Udmurt (Votyak): pekĺa (S) 'Hode, Hodensack; Niere' ?
Komi (Zyrian): pe̮k (SP), pȯk (PO) 'Rogen', kok-pe̮k (SP) 'Wade'
Khanty (Ostyak): pö̆ki (V), pŭkǝ (Kr.), pŏkǝ-sŏχ (DN), pŭka (Kaz.) 'Kropf (des Vogels); Schwimmblase (des Fisches)'
Mansi (Vogul): pǟk (P), puki (So.) 'Magen (von Tieren), Wanst'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

Search within this database


Eskimo etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Eskimo: *pǝk(ǝ)ju- (~ *pǝkǝRu-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: egg, to gather eggs
Russian meaning: яйцо, собирать яйца
Proto-Yupik: *pǝkju-
Proto-Inupik: *pIkiu-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 254
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

Search within this database


Yupik etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yupik: *pǝkju-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: egg 1, to lay eggs 2, to find eggs 3
Russian Meaning: яйцо 1, откладывать яйца 2, собирать яйца 3
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: pǝksu(q) 1, pǝksu- 2
Central Alaskan Yupik: pǝksutǝ- 3, ~ pǝksaɫaɣ- 'to fly out from eggs'
CAY Dialects: UK, LI pǝksuq 1
Egegik (Peripheral): Y pǝksuq 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 254
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-aay,yupet-cay,yupet-cays,yupet-egeg,yupet-ced,

Search within this database


Inupik etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Inupik: *pIkiu-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: wild egg 1, to find eggs, to gather eggs 2
Russian meaning: яйцо дикой птицы 1, искать, собирать яйца 2
SPI Dialects: KI piɣiut- 2
North Alaskan Inupik: pikiut- 2
NAI Dialects: Qaw pikiuq 1
Western Canadian Inupik: pikiut- 2
WCI Dialects: ~ Car? pikiaq- 'to break out of shell (chick)' [Schn.]
Eastern Canadian Inupik: pikiuk 1 (found), pikiuk- 2
ECI Dialects: NBI, SB pikiusaq- 2
GRI Dialects: EG pikkiC- 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 254
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-ecis,inupet-gris,inupet-ced,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
111051463142
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov