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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *pā́li
Meaning: a k. of fish
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Turkic: *bālɨk
Mongolian: *bilaɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *palu
Korean: *par-
Japanese: *pírámái (~-miá)
Comments: VEWT 61, KW 31 (but Kalm. balɣă zaɣăsn̆ 'a k. of fish', also compared by Ramstedt, is a Turkism), SKE 185, АПиПЯЯ 282, Дыбо 8, Лексика 177.
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bālɨk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fish
Russian meaning: рыба
Old Turkic: balɨq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: balɨq (MK)
Turkish: balɨk
Tatar: balɨq
Middle Turkic: balɨq, balɨɣ (MA, Pav. C., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: baliq
Uighur: beliq
Azerbaidzhan: balɨG
Turkmen: bālɨq
Khakassian: palɨx
Shor: palɨq (R.)
Oyrat: balɨq
Chuvash: polъ
Yakut: balɨk
Dolgan: balɨk
Tuva: balɨq
Tofalar: balɨq
Kirghiz: balɨq
Kazakh: balɨq
Noghai: balɨq
Bashkir: balɨq
Balkar: balɨq
Gagauz: balɨq
Karaim: balɨx
Karakalpak: balɨq
Salar: baluχ
Kumyk: balɨq
Comments: EDT 335, ЭСТЯ 2, 59-60, Лексика 177, Федотов 1, 443, Stachowski 52.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *bilaɣu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 carp 2 a k. of salmon
Russian meaning: 1 карп 2 таймень, язь, сорога
Written Mongolian: bilaɣu; buluu, buluɣu 1 (БАМРС)
Khalkha: bulū cagān 1
Buriat: bulūsxai 2
Comments: Cf. also Bur. Okin. baĺuɣan < *baliɣugan, Darkh. baĺus 'гольян, мелкий хариус' (see Аникин 115, but hardly borrowed < Turkic), with a usual vowel variation of the type milaɣa / maliɣa.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *palu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of fish (similar to bream)
Russian meaning: вид рыбы (похожей на леща)
Literary Manchu: falu
Comments: ТМС 2, 298. Cf. also Evk. pulwāne, palwāne 'язь' ( borrowed from some South.-Tung. form); huldi 'pike'.
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *par-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: carp
Russian meaning: карп
Modern Korean: palgaŋi
Middle Korean: parkaŋ'i
Comments: Liu 368, KED 724 (the word is attested in MKor. with -a-, not -ă-, thus Martin's derivation: "a red one" cannot be correct).
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pírámái (~-miá)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fluke, plaice
Russian meaning: камбала
Old Japanese: p(j)iram(j)e
Tokyo: hìrame
Kyoto: hìràmé
Kagoshima: hiráme
Comments: Tokyo and Kagoshima point unambiguosly to high tone, while Kyoto accent is irregular.
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