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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *n[u]ńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of grass
Russian meaning: вид травы
Turkic: *jon-ɨrčka
Mongolian: *nimniɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *ńuńV
Korean: *nàńí
Japanese: *nàntúna
Comments: Martin 240, Дыбо 10, Robbeets 2000, 104. The root denotes some sort of wild-growing flower (clover, dandelion, shepherd's purse), but - as most plant names - raises some problems. Mong. nimniɣa must represent a transformation of *nin-miɣa, with not quite clear suffixation. The tone correspondence between Kor. and Jpn. is irregular. If the original Turk. form is *jor-ɨnčka (cf. (QB) jor "porridge" - a semantic derivation like Russ. кашка 'clover'?), it does not belong here. On the other hand, cf. PT *jandak 'name of a thorny plant, camel-thorn, thistle' (EDT 947, VEWT 185). It appears semantically distant from the other forms, but may represent a secondary development due to association with jan- 'burn' ('burning plant'). The reconstruction in this case would have to be changed to *ni̯uńa - better explaining consonant reflexes and Mong. vocalism, but also suggesting a secondary restructuring in Turkic (*jɨn-dak > *jan-dak).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jon-ɨrčka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clover
Russian meaning: клевер
Old Turkic: jorunčɣa (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jorɨnčɣa (MK)
Turkish: jonǯa
Tatar: jonča
Middle Turkic: jonǯa (AH), jönča (Houts.), joŋɨčqa, jorunčqa (R.)
Uzbek: ǯumrušqa
Azerbaidzhan: jonǯa
Turkmen: jorunǯa
Halaj: jovunǯä
Kirghiz: ǯoŋɣučqa
Kazakh: žoŋɨ(rɨ)šqa
Bashkir: jonsa
Gagauz: jonǯa
Karakalpak: joŋɨšqa
Kumyk: jonɣurčqa
Comments: VEWT 207, TMN 4, 228-229, EDT 971, ЭСТЯ 4, 227-228, Лексика 126-127.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *nimniɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dandelion
Russian meaning: одуванчик
Buriat: ńamńā
Kalmuck: nemnɛ̄ ceceg (РКС)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-bur,monget-kal,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ńuńV
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of plant
Russian meaning: вид растения
Evenki: ńuńaldiwūn 'назв. растения ("льняное волокно")'
Literary Manchu: nono "ситник, водяной лук"
Comments: ТМС 1, 605, 646.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *nàńí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shepherd's purse
Russian meaning: пастушья сумка
Modern Korean: näŋi
Middle Korean: nàńí
Comments: Nam 89, KED 328.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *nàntúna
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shepherd's purse
Russian meaning: пастушья сумка
Middle Japanese: nàdúna
Tokyo: nàzuna
Kyoto: názúná
Kagoshima: nazuná
Comments: JLTT 494. The Kyoto accent is irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ńoNV
Meaning: reed
Indo-European: *i̯oi̯- 'reed' (Lat. juncus, MIr. āin)
Altaic: *n[u]ńa
Dravidian: *nāṇ-
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *nāṇ-
Meaning : a k. of grass (kaus)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *nāṇal-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nān-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *nāṇal-
Meaning : a k. of grass
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nāṇal
Tamil meaning : kaus, a large and coarse grass, Saccharum spontaneum; penreed grass, S. arundinaceum; bulrush (= kōrai); lalong grass, Imperata arundinacea
Malayalam : ñāṇal, ñāŋŋaṇa
Malayalam meaning : a reed
Kannada : nānal, naḷḷu
Kannada meaning : a kind of reed
Number in DED : 2909
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nān-
Meaning : Bambusa arundinacea
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *nān-ci
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *nān-ci
Meaning : Bambusa arundinacea
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : nānci
Number in DED : 2909
Number in CVOTGD : 1959
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_m,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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