Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *ná
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: thou
Russian meaning: ты
Turkic: *-ŋ
Korean: *nǝ̀
Japanese: *ná
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 102, 280. Velarization in Turkic is not quite clear and probably secondary (perhaps a fusion with the attributive *-k`i). The root is widely used only in the Kor.-Jpn. area, and its original function (to judge from the OJ opposition of si and na) was probably limited to the oblique stem of the suppletive 2d p. paradigm.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *-ŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: an ending of the 2d person
Russian meaning: окончание 2-го л.
Old Turkic: (Orkh., OUygh.), (Orkh.)
Karakhanid: (MK, KB)
Turkish: -n
Tatar:
Middle Turkic:
Uzbek:
Uighur:
Sary-Yughur:
Azerbaidzhan: -n
Turkmen:
Khakassian:
Shor:
Oyrat:
Halaj:
Chuvash: -n
Yakut:
Dolgan:
Tuva:
Kirghiz:
Kazakh:
Noghai:
Bashkir:
Balkar:
Gagauz: -n
Karaim: -n, -j
Karakalpak:
Salar:
Kumyk:
Comments: Морфология 23-26, 28, 32.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *nǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thou
Russian meaning: ты
Modern Korean:
Middle Korean: nǝ̀
Comments: Nam 103, KED 329.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *ná
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thou
Russian meaning: ты
Old Japanese: na
Middle Japanese: ná-mùdí, ná-múdí
Nase: nà-Ń
Comments: JLTT 490.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-nas,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *nV
Meaning: 2nd person pronoun, thou
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ná
Uralic: *nV (ObUg)
Dravidian: *njīn
Comments: Cf. Aleut *-n.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 957
Proto: *nV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: thou, you
German meaning: du, ihr
Khanty (Ostyak): nö̆ŋ (sg.), nin (du.), nǝŋ (pl.) (V)
Mansi (Vogul): näw, nüw (sg.), nän (pl.) (TJ), nin (du.) (KU)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *njīn
Meaning : thou
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *njī[n] (obl. *nin-)
Proto-Telugu : *ñīv-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *njī (obl. *in-)
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ñīn (obl. *nī-)
Proto-North Dravidian : *nīn (obl. *niŋ-)
Brahui :
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *njī[n] (obl. *nin-)
Meaning : thou
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nī (obl. Old Ta. nin_(n)-, mod. Ta. un_(n_)-)
Tamil meaning : thou, you (2 sg.)
Tamil derivates : hon. nīr; nin_ava yours (nt. pl.)
Malayalam : nī (obl. nin(n)-)
Malayalam meaning : you (sg.)
Kannada : nīṃ, nīn(u) (obl. nin(n)-)
Kannada meaning : you (sg.)
Kodagu : nīnɨ/nī (obl. nin-/nī-)
Kodagu meaning : you (sg.)
Tulu : ī (obl. nin-)
Tulu meaning : you (sg.)
Proto-Nilgiri : *nī (obl. *nin-)
Number in DED : 3684
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Nilgiri etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nilgiri : *nī (obl. *nin-)
Meaning : you (sg.)
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : nī (obl. nin-/ni-/di-)
Toda : nī (obl. nɨn-)
Number in DED : 3684
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *ñīv-
Meaning : thou, you (2 sg.)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : nīvu (obl. nī-, nin-)
Dialectal forms (1) : īvu
Number in DED : 3684
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kolami-Gadba etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *njī (obl. *in-)
Meaning : thou
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : nīv (obl. in-)
Naikri : nīv
Naiki : īv, nīv (obl. in-)
Parji : īn (obl. in-)
Ollari Gadba : īn (obl. in-)
Salur Gadba : īn (obl. inn-)
Number in DED : 3684
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-salur,kogaet-dednum,

Search within this database


Gondwan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ñīn (obl. *nī-)
Meaning : thou
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *ñim[m]-ā (obl. *nī-)
Konda : nīn (obl. nī-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *ēn (obl. *nī-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ñīn-u (obl. *ñī-)
Notes : In Gondi -m- by analogy with the plural forms.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

Search within this database


Gondi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi : *ñim[m]-ā (obl. *nī-)
Meaning : thou
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : immā (obl. nī-)
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : immā (obl. nī-)
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : immā (obl. nī-)
Gommu Gondi : nima, nimma (obl. nī-)
Muria Gondi : nima, nimma (obl. nī-)
Maria Gondi : nima (obl. nī-)
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : nima (obl. nī-)
Chindwara Gondi : ima (obl. nī-)
Adilabad Gondi : nime (obl. nī-) (SR)
Number in DED : 3684
Number in CVOTGD : 177
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_g,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ma,gonet-gondi_m,gonet-gondi_ch,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

Search within this database


Konda etymology :

Search within this database
Konda : nīn (obl. nī-)
Meaning: thou
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 3684
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

Search within this database


Pengo-Manda etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *ēn (obl. *nī-)
Meaning : thou
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : ēn, ēneŋ (acc.-dat. niŋgeŋ, gen. nī)
Manda : īn
Notes : In Manda īn developed by analogy with the oblique stem.
Number in DED : 3684
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-notes,pemet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kui-Kuwi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *ñīn-u (obl. *ñī-)
Meaning : you (2 sg.)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : īnu
Khuttia Kui : nīnu (obl. nī-)
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : nīnū (obl. nī-)
Kuwi (Schulze) : nīnu (obl. nī-)
Sunkarametta Kuwi : nīnu (obl. nī-)
Parja Kuwi : nīnu (obl. nī-)
Kuwi (Israel) : nīnu (obl. nī-)
Number in DED : 3684
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuttia,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_p,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-dednum,

Search within this database


North Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North-Dravidian : *nīn (obl. *niŋ-)
Meaning : thou, you (2sg.)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : nīn (obl. niŋg-)
Malto : nīn (obl. nin_g-)
Number in DED : 3684
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

Search within this database


Brahui etymology :

Search within this database
Brahui :
Meaning : thou, you (2sg.)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Additional forms : (obl. nē, n-; enclitic gen., dat., acc. -ne)
Number in DED : 3684
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-addition,braet-dednum,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : NV
Meaning : thou [2nd p. pronoun]
Eurasiatic : *nV thou
Afroasiatic : *nV thou
Sino-Caucasian : ST *na thou
Notes : Cf. also ND *ŋǝn ~ *nǝŋ 'thou'.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-notes,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
11275804302
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov