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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *mújŋi
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: horn; cartilage, tendon
Russian meaning: рог; хрящ, сухожилие
Turkic: *bujŋuŕ (*büjŋüŕ)
Mongolian: *möɣer-sü (-ŋ-)
Tungus-Manchu: *muŋi
Korean: *mɨ̀i'ìm
Comments: EAS 120, Poppe 73, KW 268, VEWT 347b (but PTM *mǖre 'shoulder' is not related); ТМС 1, 557 (Tung.-Mong.); АПиПЯЯ 282, Лексика 148.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bujŋuŕ (*büjŋüŕ)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: horn
Russian meaning: рог
Old Turkic: müjüz (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: müŋüz (MK)
Turkish: bojnuz
Tatar: mögez
Middle Turkic: müŋüz, mügiz (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: mụgiz
Uighur: müŋgüz
Sary-Yughur: moŋɨs
Azerbaidzhan: bujnuz
Turkmen: bujnuz
Khakassian: mǖs
Shor: mǖs
Oyrat: mǖs
Chuvash: mъjraga
Yakut: muos
Dolgan: muos
Tuva: mɨjɨs
Tofalar: miis
Kirghiz: müjüz
Kazakh: müjiz
Noghai: müjiz
Bashkir: mögöδ
Balkar: müjüz
Gagauz: bujnus
Karaim: muŋguz
Karakalpak: mujiz
Salar: moŋɨz
Kumyk: müjüz
Comments: VEWT 347, EDT 352, ЭСТЯ 2, 243, Лексика 148, Stachowski 183.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *möɣer-sü (-ŋ-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cartilage, gristle
Russian meaning: хрящ
Written Mongolian: möge(r)sü, möŋgürsü (L 545: mögeresü(n))
Middle Mongolian: muqursun 'marrow, pith' (MA)
Khalkha: mögȫ(r)s, mȫrs
Buriat: meŋgērhe(n)
Kalmuck: mȫrsṇ
Ordos: mȫrösü, mȫrös
Dagur: muemči
Monguor: muŋgirʒǝ (SM 248), (MGCD mungǝrsǝ)
Comments: KW 268, MGCD 489.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *muŋi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tendon
Russian meaning: сухожилие (на конце мышцы)
Evenki: muŋi
Comments: ТМС 1, 557. Attested only in Evk., but having plausible external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *mɨ̀i'ìm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gums
Russian meaning: десны
Middle Korean: nì-s-mɨ̀i'ìm, ní-s-mɨ̀'jòm, ni-s-mɨ'ɨm, ni-s-mɨi'jom (ni- 'tooth'
Comments: Nam 127. The modern form it-mom is a result of reinterpreting the compound as 'tooth's flesh' (mom).
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *mVjŋV
Meaning: horn, peg
Indo-European: *mei- 'Pfahl'?
Altaic: *mújŋi
Kartvelian: OG mana 'peg'?
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *meit- (-th-)
Meaning: stake, post
Old Indian: methí- m., methī f. (also medhi-, medhī, meḍhī) `pillar, post'
Baltic: *meĩt-a- c.
Germanic: *maid-a- m.
Latin: mēta f. `jede kegel- od. pyramidenförmige Figur; Spitzsäule; Ziel; Heuschober'
Russ. meaning: кол, столб
References: WP II 240 f
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *meĩt-a- c.
Meaning: stake, post
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: miẽta-s `(Zaun)pfahl; mita Stecken zum Netzestricken; Garnflügel, kleines Brettchen, das mit einer Schnur am ende des Netzsackes befestigt ist und durch seine Lage auf dem Wasser dem Fischer die Stellung des Netzes anzeigt'
Lettish: mìets 'Pfahl; Staken, Hopfenstange, Bihnenstange'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *maida-z
Meaning: tree, beam
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: meiδ-r m. `Baum'
Norwegian: meid `Schlitterunterlage'
Swedish: med(e) `Schlitterunterlage'
Danish: mede `Schlitterunterlage'
Old English: { wull-mōd `Spinnrocken' }
Old High German: { meit `Baum', wolla-meit `Spinnrocken' }
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-ohg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1241
Root: mei-1
English meaning: to strengthen; pole
German meaning: `befestigen'
Derivatives: nominal `Pfahl; Holzbau'; moi-ro- `Holzbau'
Material: Ai. minṓti `befestigt, gründet, baut', mití- f. `Errichtun', mitá- `befestigt', mḗtar- `der Aufrichter', mayū́kha- m. `Pflock, Strahl', npers. mēχ `Pflock, Nagel' (*maiχa-), sogd. myɣk ds., ai. sumḗka- `wohlgegründet, fest';

    lat. Pl. moenia `Umwallung, Stadtmauern' (`*Umpfählung'), mūniō (arch. moeniō), -īre `aufdämmen (einen Weg), aufmauern, verschanzen, befestigen'; mūrus, alt moiros `Mauer';

    air. -tuidmen (*to-dī-mi-na-t) `befestigt', Verbaln. tuidme;

    germ. *mairja- `(Grenz)pfahl', ags. mǣre, gemǣre `Grenze, Gebiet', aisl. landa-mǣri `Grenze, Grenzland', usw.

    mei-d(h)- in: mir. mé(i)de m. `Nacken' (*mei-d-i̯o-); lett. mìet `einpfählen', maĩdît `bestecken'.

    Mit t erweitert mē[i]t- : mǝit- : mit- in:

    ai. mēthí- m., mēthī́ f. (prakritisiert mēdhí-, mēdhī́, mēḍhī́) `Pfeiler, Pfosten', mít- f. `Säule, Pfosten' (vielleicht auch in av. bǝrǝzi-mita-, wenn `hochsäulig'), arm. moit` `Pfeiler'; lat. mēta `(*Pfahl), jede kegel- oder pyramidenförmige Figur'); mir. methas `Grenzmark' (*mitostu-); aisl. meiðr `Baum, Balken, Stange'; lit. miẽtas, lett. mìets `Pfahl'; schwundstufig lit. mita `Stecken zum Netzestricken'; wahrscheinlich auch abg. město, skr. mjȅsto, čech. místo `Ort' aus *mōitsto- oder *mē[i]tsto-.

References: WP. II 239 f., WH. II 30 f., Trautmann 165 f.;
See also: vgl. mei-4.
Pages: 709
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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