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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *mòle
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sick, weak
Russian meaning: больной, слабый
Turkic: *bül-
Tungus-Manchu: *mul-
Korean: *mɨră-
Japanese: *mǝ̀rǝ̀-
Comments: Martin 242 (Jpn.-Kor.)
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bül-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be destroyed, ruined 2 to destroy
Russian meaning: 1 разрушаться, разоряться 2 разрушать
Tatar: böl- 1
Middle Turkic: OKypch. bül- 'to remove, fire' (AH)
Kirghiz: bülün- 'to be alarmed'
Kazakh: bülin- 1, büldir- 2
Bashkir: böl- 1
Karaim: bül- 1
Comments: VEWT 92, EDT 332.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fall ill 2 weak, tired
Russian meaning: 1 заболевать 2 слабый, усталый
Evenki: mul- (Вас.), multe 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 555 (Evk. > Yak. möltö-, not vice versa). Attested only in Evk. {(cf. perhaps also: Ewk. dial. meltile- 'to hide, shrink into one's shell', Manch. mele- 'to hide, steal away' - see ТМС 1, 567)}, but having possible external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *mɨ̀rằ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: soft, weak
Russian meaning: мягкий, слабый
Modern Korean: murɨ-
Middle Korean: mɨră-, mɨ̀rɨ̀-
Comments: Nam 226, KED 656.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *mǝ̀rǝ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fragile
Russian meaning: хрупкий
Old Japanese: m(w)oro-
Middle Japanese: mòrò-
Tokyo: moró-
Kyoto: mórò-
Kagoshima: móro-
Comments: JLTT 835. The Kagoshima accent is aberrant.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *mVlV
Meaning: bad, sick, weak ( > sometimes 'small'?)
Indo-European: *mel- (also 'small' 778)
Altaic: *mòle
Uralic: ? FU *m[o]ḷV 'little'
Kartvelian: ? Georg., Megr. mal- 'to hide, hide oneself'
Dravidian: *māḷ-
Comments: Cf. also *mā̀li 'disease, wound'; PD *māl- 'confused, perturbed, intoxicated'
References: ND 1402 *m[ä]LV 'to hide' (Georg. + IE + part of TM); 1405 *m[a]HḷV 'little, young' (FU, part of IE + differ. Turk.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(s)mal-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: small, mean, malicious
Tokharian: A smale 'Lüge', smālok 'Lügner'
Avestan: mairya- 'betrügerisch, schurkisch'
Armenian: meɫ, pl. -kh `Sünde'
Old Greek: méleo- `eitel, vergeblich, nichtig, unglücklich'; blás-phǟmo- `lästernd, verleumdend, der Vedrleumder', blasphǟméō `schmähen, lästern, verleumden'
Slavic: *mā́lъ(jь)
Baltic: *mel-a-, *mal-a- adj., *mel-ja-, -ia- c., *mel̃s- vb. tr.
Germanic: *smal-a- adj.; *smal-an- m.
Latin: malus `schlecht, minderwertig; übel, böse; lose'; malitia `täuschende Bosheit, Tücke'
Other Italic: Osk mallom, mallud `id.'
Celtic: *mell- > MIr mell `Sünde, Fehler', mellaim `betrüge'
Russ. meaning: злонамеренный
References: WP II 291 + REFERNUM 1278
Comments: Differently in Pok.
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ма́лый,
Near etymology: мал, мала́, ма́ло, укр. мали́й, блр. ма́лы, др.-русск., ст.-слав. малъ μικρός, ὀλίγος (Еuсh. Sin., Супр.), болг. ма́лък, ма́ло, сербохорв. ма̏о, ма̏ла, ма̏ло, словен. mȃli, málo, чеш., слвц. malý, польск. mаɫу, в.-луж., н.-луж. maɫki.
Further etymology: Родственно греч. μῆλον "мелкий скот, овцы", лат. malus "дурной, плохой" (из "малый, недостаточный"), др.-ирл. míl "животное", гот. smals "малый, незначительный", д.-в.-н., др.-сакс. smal -- то же, нов.-в.-н. schmal "узкий", ср.-в.-н. smeln "умалять, сокращать", д.-в.-н. smalaz vihu, smala-nôʒ "мелкий скот"; см. Бернекер 2, 13 и сл.; Торп 528; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 19 и сл.; Клюге, "Glotta", 3, 280; Сольмсен, KZ 37, 18. Сомнительна связь с греч. μῶλυς "ослабленный, истощенный" (Мейе, МSL 9, 146; ср. Гофман, Gr. Wb. 210). Напротив, арм. mаl "овца", возм., связано с тюрк. словами, приводимыми на мали́ч. От ма́лый происходит также др.-русск. мало не, малы не "почти, чуть ли не", укр. ма́ло не -- то же; ср. Гуйер, LF 40, 437 и сл.
Trubachev's comments: [Ср. еще Махек (ZfS, I, 1956, стр. 34), который видит в слав. слове экспрессивное удлинение гласного. -- Т.]
Pages: 2,564
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *mel-a-, *mal-a- adj., *mel-ja-, -ia- c., *mel̃s- vb. tr.
Meaning: lies
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: mẽla-s, žem. mãla-s `Lüge'
Lettish: męli pl. `Lüge', melis, f. mele `Lügner, -in', mèlst (-šu, -su) `faseln, flunkern, verwirrt reden; Unsinn schwatzen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1258
Root: mel-2
English meaning: to fail; to deceive
German meaning: `verfehlen, trügen'
Derivatives: mel-i̯o- `böse'
Material: Av. mairya- `betrügerisch, schurkisch'; arm. meɫ, Pl. meɫk` `Sünde'; gr. μέλεος `vergeblich, nichtig, unglücklich, elend' (scheint als *μελε[σ]ος auf dem -es-St. *meles- zu beruhen, dessen schwächste Stufe *ml̥s-, βλασ- vielleicht in βλάσ-φημος als `Verfehltes, Unpassendes sagend');vielleicht μύλη `Mißgeburt'? zu ἀμβλίσκω, ἀμβλόω `tue eine Fehlgeburt'; mir. mell `Irrtum, Fehler' (*mel-s-os, vom es-St.), mellaim `betrüge', maile `Böses'; cymr. mall `verderbt' (*ml̥so-); lit. mẽlas `Lüge', lett. Pl. męli ds., màldît `irren, sich versehen', mùldêt `herumirren, phantasieren, sich plagen', mèlst `verwirrt reden'.
References: WP. II 291.
Pages: 719-720
PIE database: PIE database
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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *māḷ-
Meaning : to die; to destroy
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *māḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *māl-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *maḷ-aŋ-
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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *māḷ-
Meaning : to die, perish; to cease
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : māḷ (māḷv-, māṇṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to die, perish, be exhausted, expended or finished
Tamil derivates : māṭṭu (māṭṭi-) to kill, destroy, remove, cause to disappear; māṇṭār the dead; maṭku (maṭki-) to be dim, deprived of lustre, glory, or brilliance, lose strength, be destroyed
Kannada : māṇ
Kannada meaning : to stop, cease, subside, be laid aside, be got rid of, be checked or repressed, desist from, cease from, give over
Kannada derivates : māḷ to cease, etc.
Tulu : māṇāvuni, mānāvuni
Tulu meaning : to lessen, decrease, abate
Notes : Kannada and Tulu forms are derived by analogy with the past stem (*mānḍ-).
Number in DED : 4831
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *māl-
Meaning : to be spoiled, be destroyed, be removed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : mālu
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : malãgu "to cease, stop (as births and deaths), (sins) to diminish"
Additional forms : Also mālucu to stop, set aside, remove; malugu to be extinguished, (K also) be reduced, diminish (as hunger), (lamp) goes down due to lack of oil; malupu to extinguish, put out, destroy; (K) malãpu to remove, extinguish; manũgu, (K also) manuvu to die
Number in DED : 4831
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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *maḷ-aŋ-
Meaning : to erase, wipe
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mḷa-ŋ- (caus. *mḷak-)
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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mḷa-ŋ- (caus. *mḷak-)
Meaning : to erase, obliterate
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : mṛakhali "to obliterate, wipe out"
Tekriya Kuwi : maṇk- "to erase"
Kuwi (Israel) : mṇeŋg- (-it-) "to die out, be destroyed"
Additional forms : Also Kuwi_Isr mṇek- (-h-) to destroy completely, erase
Number in DED : 4831
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