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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *mi̯ólo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: full, to fill, thick
Russian meaning: полный, наполнять, толстый
Turkic: *bol
Mongolian: *mel- / *möl-
Tungus-Manchu: *mila-
Korean: *mīr-
Japanese: *mǝ́r-
Comments: Note traces of nasalization in Turkic (should one reconstruct *bonl?). Cf. also *mìlt`e.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bol
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: abundant, full
Russian meaning: обильный, полный
Turkish: bol
Tatar: mul
Uzbek: bɔl (Chag.), mɔl (Uzb.)
Turkmen: bol
Chuvash: püle-mes; pül-lǝ 'stalwart'
Kirghiz: mol
Comments: ЭСТЯ 2, 184-185.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *mel- / *möl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be full, become full 2 quite, full
Russian meaning: 1 быть полным, наполняться 2 вполне, полный
Written Mongolian: melmeji- (L 534), melmelǯe- / mölmülǯe- (L 535, 546) 1
Khalkha: melmij-, melmelʒe- 1
Buriat: melmelʒe- 1
Kalmuck: melmɛ:- 1, mel 2
Ordos: melčirme- 1, melǖ, melē
Comments: KW 260.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mila-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wide open, broad
Russian meaning: широко раскрытый
Literary Manchu: mila, mila-χun
Comments: ТМС 1, 536. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *mīr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: tide
Russian meaning: разлив, прилив
Modern Korean: mīlmul
Middle Korean: mīr-mɨ́r (mɨ́r 'water')
Comments: Nam 234, KED 697.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *mǝ́r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fill, heap up
Russian meaning: наполнять, нагромождать
Old Japanese: m(w)or-
Middle Japanese: mór-
Tokyo: mòr-
Kyoto: mór-
Kagoshima: mór-
Comments: JLTT 727.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *malV
Meaning: plenty, abundant
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mal- / -e-
Altaic: *mi̯ólo (cf. also *mìlt`e 1294)
Uralic: ? *mElV 'to pass, fit'
Kartvelian: ? *mrtel-
Dravidian: *mal- (?+ *miḷ- 'great, prosper' (DED 3990] )
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *meɫ-, *meɫ " 1 (~ -l-)
Comments: Niv. malɣo- 'многочисленный'. Sem. *ml' 'full'.
References: МССНЯ 331, ОСНЯ 2, 41; ND 1410 *mälʔV 'full, much' ( + Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *mel-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: many, very
Old Greek: mála `sehr, ganz, gar, durchaus'
Baltic: *mil-n-a- adj.
Latin: melior, melius `besser'; multus, -a `viel; gross, sterk'
Russ. meaning: много
References: WPII 292
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *mil-n-a- adj.
Meaning: many
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lettish: milns 'sehr viel' }
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lett,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1260
Root: mel-4
English meaning: strong, big
German meaning: `stark, groß'
Material: Gr. μάλα `sehr', μα̃λλον `mehr' (für *μέλλον = lat. melius eingetreten nach θα̃σσον, θα̃ττον : τάχα), μάλιστα `am meisten'; lat. melior `besser' (ursprüngl. `*stärker'); multus `viel' (*ml̥to-); hierher multa, älter molta `Strafe, Buße', multō, -āre `bestrafe', Dialektwort, vgl. osk. moltam `multam', moltaum `moltare', multasikad `multaticia', umbr. motar `multae', mutu `multa' (*ml̥tā `Vergütung, Ersatz'; vgl. germ. *bōtō `Buße': *bata- `besser'); lett. milns `sehr viel'.
References: WP. II 292, WH. II 63 f., 123 f.
See also: Eine durch ĝ(h) erw. Wurzelf. ist vielleicht melĝh- `schwellen', s. dort.
Pages: 720
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1835
Proto: *mElV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to pass, fit
German meaning: hineingehen, Platz haben
Finnish: (melkeä 'ziemlich groß')
Saam (Lapp): (mälkat 'ziemlich groß')
Khanty (Ostyak): mel- (V Vj.) 'hineingehen, an den Fuß gehen, passen (Schuh an den Fuß, Kleidungsstück beim Anziehen' ?
Hungarian: méltó 'würdig, wert', méltat- 'würdigen; übergeben, übersenden; liefern, leisten' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-saa,uralet-khn,uralet-ugr,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *rt-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: соединять, делать(ся) цельным
English meaning: to join, make whole
Georgian: rt-; mrteli, mteli 'whole, healthy'
Megrel: [rt]; tar-i 'healthy'
Laz: [rt]
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 136, EWK 244 (в обоих источниках приводятся только формы, восходящие к *m-rt-eli 'целый, здоровый'). Не исключена этимологическая связь с *ert- "один" (q.v.).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *mal-
Meaning : to abund; fertile, rich
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *mal-
Proto-Telugu : *mal-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *mal-
Meaning : fertile, rich
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : mal
Tamil meaning : fertility, richness, strength
Tamil derivates : malar (-v-, -nt-) to abound, become full; mali (-v-, -nt-) to abound, be plentiful, be full, increase, be proud, become large, swell, spread, expand; malipu excess, abundance; malir (-v-, -nt-) to flood, come frequently; malivu abundance, fullness, cheerfulness; malku (malki-) to increase, abound, grow, flourish; mallal strength, abundance, wealth, fertility, richness, elegance, brilliance, beauty; mallai richness, fertility, greatness
Malayalam : malika
Malayalam meaning : to abound, overflow
Malayalam derivates : malekka to grow thick, swell; malka to abound
Kannada : male
Kannada meaning : to be raised or elevated, be haughty, be puffed up, insolent, act in an overbearing manner
Kannada derivates : malya great, big, chief, principal; mallaḷi a large concourse, crowd; (PBh.) mammala, malamala excessively
Tulu : malla, mallavu, mallāvu
Tulu meaning : great, large, big, extensive, chief, principal, important, loud
Tulu derivates : mallastigè, mallādigè greatness, superiority, loftiness, pride; mallāye a man senior in age, rich man, grown-up man; fem. mallāḷụ
Proto-Nilgiri : *mal_-
Number in DED : 4729
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *mal_-
Meaning : a flood
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : mas_n
Additional forms : Also Toda mas_ fertility, in: mas_ fōr- (fod-) (child) is delivered (-k, to a woman), mas_ foṛ- (foṭ-) to bring forth (-k, a child)
Number in DED : 4729
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *mal-
Meaning : (Śaŋk., K.) to spread, (B) rejoice, be pleased, eager, delighted, shine, be splendid, unfold, display
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : malayu
Additional forms : Also malucamu superior, fine; mallaramu pride, arrogance; mallaḍi a crowd
Number in DED : 4729
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *meɫ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): хороший, добрый
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *meɫ-
Proto-Itelmen: *mel-
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *meɫ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): хороший, доброкачественный
Chukchee: mɛ́l-
Koryak: meɫ- (I)
Palan: mel- (I)
Alutor: mal-
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *mel- E
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): хороший
Itelmen: mel-lah 1
Itelmen meaning: хороший, добрый 1, сильно, хорошо, как следует 2, добро, благо 3
Number in Volodin 1976: 55
Comments: Возможно тот же корень в композите зап. камч. mali-kanez 'garrire, fabulare' (Дыбовский 1 138) буквально 'хоpошо говоpить'.
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-ite,itelet-itemea,itelet-vol,itelet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : MVLV
Meaning : full
Eurasiatic : *malV
Afroasiatic : *mVʔVl-
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *mVʔVl-
Meaning: gather, be full
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *mVlVʔ- 'be full'
Berber: Ahaggar amâli 'tout, entier'
Central Chadic: *mul- 'gather'
East Chadic: *mwaʔVl- 'gather'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1052
Proto-Semitic: *mVlVʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'be full'
Hebrew: mlʔ
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-hbr,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *mul-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'ramasser' 1, 'prendre' 2, mettre' 3
Mbara: mùl 1, 3[TrMba]
Mulwi: mìlì 1, 2 [TrMlw]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mba,cchet-muk,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *mwaʔVl-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'gather'
Kera: móolé
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-ker,

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