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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *mā́ro
Meaning: sand, stony earth, marsh
Russian meaning: песок, каменистая почва, болото
Turkic: *bōr
Mongolian: *mara-
Tungus-Manchu: *mar-
Korean: *mòr'ái
Japanese: *mana-n-kua
Comments: SKE 151 (Turk.-Kor.), АПиПЯЯ 288. In MKor. cf. also a reduplicated form: màmằrằ- 'rough, stony (ground)'. The Jpn. form must be explained as a result of nasal assimilation (*mana- < *mara-n-); but cf. for Jpn. *mana-n-kua alternatively Mong. *maŋka 'long sandy hill' (MGCD 481).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bōr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 chalk 2 earth 3 clay
Russian meaning: 1 мел 2 земля 3 глина
Turkish: bor 2
Tatar: bur 1
Middle Turkic: bor 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bọr 1
Uighur: bo(r) 1
Turkmen: dial. bōr 1
Khakassian: por 1
Chuvash: purъ, por 1
Yakut: buor 2
Dolgan: buor 2, 3
Tuva: por 3
Tofalar: bor 'солонцы'
Kirghiz: bor 1
Kazakh: bor 1
Noghai: bor 1
Bashkir: bur 1
Karaim: bor 1
Karakalpak: bor, por 1
Kumyk: bor 1
Comments: VEWT 80, ЭСТЯ 2, 192-193, Лексика 100, 376, Федотов 1, 444, Stachowski 66-67. Turk. > Kalm. borǝ, Bur. bor.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *mara-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: salty earth
Russian meaning: солончак
Written Mongolian: mara, maraɣan
Khalkha: marā
Buriat: marā
Kalmuck: marā
Comments: KW 257.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: moor, marsh
Russian meaning: марник, болото
Evenki: mar, mari-kta
Comments: ТМС 1, 531. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *mòr'ái
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sand
Russian meaning: песок
Modern Korean: morä
Middle Korean: mòr'ái
Comments: Nam 218, KED 629.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *mana-n-kua
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sand
Russian meaning: песок
Old Japanese: mana-gwo
Comments: The world is attested already in Manyōshū, and its derivation < *ma-suna-gwo (JLTT 473) seems hardly possible.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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