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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *màli
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: stick, cudgel
Russian meaning: палка, дубина
Turkic: *baltu
Mongolian: *milaɣa
Tungus-Manchu: *mala
Korean: *már
Comments: Cf. also modern Kor. moru 'anvil', moru-čhä 'hammer' (although the vocalism is not quite clear < *maru?). Turk. *baltu 'axe' > Mong. balta (whence Evk. balta etc.), see Doerfer 1, 199, Щербак 1997, 104. Both Iranian and Akkadian origins of Turk. *baltu (see Poppe 1953, Menges 1953) seem improbable and its Altaic origin quite possible.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *baltu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: axe
Russian meaning: топор
Old Turkic: baltu (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: baldu (MK, KB)
Turkish: balta
Tatar: balta
Middle Turkic: baltu (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bɔlta
Azerbaidzhan: balta
Turkmen: palta
Khakassian: paltɨ; malta (Sag.)
Shor: malta
Oyrat: malta
Yakut: balta, baltɨsax 'arrow with blunt end'
Tuva: ba'ldɨ (Бичелдей 112)
Kirghiz: balta
Kazakh: balta
Noghai: balta
Bashkir: balta
Balkar: balta
Karaim: balta
Karakalpak: balta
Kumyk: balta
Comments: VEWT 61, EDT 333, Лексика 397, ЭСТЯ 7. Modern forms with -a may in fact be secondary loans from Mong., see TMN 1, 199-200. Yak. baltɨsax can be probably identified with Turkm. balǯak, Tur. balčak '(sword)-hilt'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *milaɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: whip
Russian meaning: кнут
Written Mongolian: milaɣa (L 538), minaɣa, malija
Middle Mongolian: mina'a (HY 18, SH), mina (MA)
Khalkha: malia, malā
Buriat: minā
Kalmuck: maĺā
Ordos: milā 'a strip for fixing a whip on its handle'
Dongxian: mina
Baoan: mela
Dagur: minā, nimā (Тод. Даг. 154), minā (MD 191)
Shary-Yoghur: munā
Comments: KW 254, MGCD 627. Khalkha ḿalga is borrowed from WMong.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mala
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: club, pestle
Russian meaning: колотушка, молот, пест
Literary Manchu: mala
Udighe: muĺeu
Solon: malã
Comments: See ТМС 1, 523.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *már
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: post, pole
Russian meaning: шест, жердь
Modern Korean: mal-t:uk
Middle Korean: már
Comments: Nam 200, KED 583.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *malV
Meaning: cudgel, hammer
Indo-European: *melǝ(t)-
Altaic: *màli
Dravidian: *mÙḷ-ai
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *malt-/-e-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: hammer; lightning
Hittite: malatti- 'Schwert ?' (Friedrich 133)
Slavic: *môltъ; *mъlnьjī
Baltic: *miln-ā̂, ? *meld-iā̃
Germanic: *millun-ja- m.; *muln-ia- n.
Latin: malleus, -ī m. `Hammer, Schlegel, Klöppel'; martellus, -ī m. `kleiner Hammer', marculus, -ī m. id. (marcus, -ī m. `grosser Schmiedehammer', по всей видимости, типа зонт)
Celtic: Cymr mellt, gen. -en `Blitz'
Russ. meaning: молот, молот Громовержца, молния
References: WP II 284 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: мо́лот
Near etymology: I., молото́к, укр. мо́лот, блр. мо́лот, ст.-слав. млатъ σφύρα (Супр.), болг. млат, сербохорв. мла̑т, словен. mlȃt, чеш., слвц. mlat, польск. mɫot.
Further etymology: Вероятно, от мелю́, моло́ть, т. е. первонач. знач. -- "раздробляющий"; см. Бернекер 2, 73; Перссон 645 и сл.; Лиден, Stud. 88; Уленбек, РВВ 27, 128. См. сомнения по этому поводу у Мейе (Ét. 298), но ср. Вальде--Гофм. 2, 16. Далее сравнивают с лат. malleus "молот, колотушка", marcus "кузнечный молот"; см. Нидерман, IF 15, 109 и сл.; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 16, 37; Перссон, там же; Мейе--Эрну 676 и сл.
Pages: 2,647
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *miln-ā̂, ? *meld-iā̃
Meaning: lightning, the hammer of Perkunas
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lettish: milna 'Hammer des Donners'
Old Prussian: mealde 'Blitz'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *millunja-z; *mulnia-n
Meaning: lightning (?)
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: Mjɔllni-r `Thors Hammer'; myln n. `Feuer'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *mÙḷ-ai
Meaning : nail, stake
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *mUḷ-ai
Proto-Telugu : *mol-a
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *mUḷ-ai
Meaning : nail, peg, stake
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : muḷai
Tamil meaning : peg, stake, pivot, pin of a door, etc.
Malayalam : muḷa
Malayalam meaning : peg, stake
Kannada : moḷe
Kannada meaning : pin, nail, spike, wedge, peg, stake, pointed object
Tulu : muḷe, mole
Tulu meaning : nail, peg, wedge
Proto-Nilgiri : *moḷ
Number in DED : 4998
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *moḷ
Meaning : peg
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : moḷ
Number in DED : 4998
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *mol-a
Meaning : pin, nail, spike
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : mola
Number in DED : 4998
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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