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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯ằda
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: itching, pungent
Russian meaning: зудящий, едкий
Tungus-Manchu: *xidar
Korean: *kằráb-
Japanese: *kàjù-
Comments: Martin 234 (Kor.-Jpn.). An Eastern isogloss; cf. perhaps Khalkha xad(an) 'кислица, смородина высочайшая', 'цимбария даурская' (if not < Turk. *Kat- 'berry').
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xidar
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bitter, acid, biting
Russian meaning: горький, едкий
Evenki: idari-pču
Even: ịdъrsị
Negidal: ịdasi
Literary Manchu: idarša- 'to feel chest pain'
Ulcha: sịdarsị
Orok: sịdārụlị
Nanai: sịdarsị
Comments: ТМС 1, 297.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kằráb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to itch
Russian meaning: зудеть, чесаться
Modern Korean: karjǝp- (-w-)
Middle Korean: kằráp-, kărjap-, kărjǝp- (-w-)
Comments: Liu 3, 4, KED 11
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kàjù-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: itching
Russian meaning: зудеть, зудящий
Old Japanese: kaju-
Middle Japanese: kàjù-
Tokyo: kayú-
Kyoto: káyù-
Kagoshima: kayú-
Comments: JLTT 831.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVdV
Meaning: bitter
Altaic: *k`i̯ằda
Dravidian: *kaḍ-
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kaḍ-
Meaning : 1 bitter; sharp 2 severe, cruel 3 exceeding, great
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kaḍ-
Proto-Telugu : *kaḍ-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kaḍ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kaṭ-
Proto-North Dravidian : *qaṛG-ā
Brahui : xar-ēn
Notes : Unclear *-ṭ- in Gondwan (an old accented form as opposed to unaccented forms in other dialects?)
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kaḍ-
Meaning : intense, acute; to ache; to hasten
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kaṭu (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to throb and pain (as from sting, venomous bite, prick, toothache), ache (as from rheumatism, colic, dysentery, the leg from walking, head from carrying load, arm from writing), be too highly seasoned, pungent, be angry, indignant, wroth, move swiftly; n. bitterness, pungency, poison, astringency; severe, cruel, harsh, extreme
Tamil derivates : kaṭukkam speed; kaṭukken_al being hasty, passionate, peppery; kaṭukaṭu (-pp-, -tt-) to throb (as from the sting of a scorpion), be too highly seasoned, show signs of anger (as by sour looks, harsh words); kaṭukaṭuppu throbbing pain, excessive seasoning, sign of hot temper; kaṭukam pungency; kaṭuku (kaṭuki-) to move fast, blow hard as wind, increase; kaṭutt-ēr_u wasp, hornet; kaṭuppu throbbing pain, aching, wrath, speed; kaṭumai severity, harshness, ferocity, anger, heat, speed; kaṭi speed, swiftness, sharpness, keenness, pungency; kaṭicu asperity; kaṭai (-v-, -nt-) to increase, as the passion of love
Malayalam : kaṭu
Malayalam meaning : pungent, extreme, excessive, fierce, impetuous
Malayalam derivates : kaṭukuka to hasten; kaṭukam pungent; kaṭukka to grow hard, sharp, worse (as pain); kaṭuppam, kaṭuma pungency, harshness, bravery, strength of toddy, vinegar, etc.; kaṭuppu, kaṭukaṭuppu austerity; kaṭi extreme, sharp; kaṭayuka to pain; (Tiyya) kaṭaccilu pain
Kannada : kaḍu, kaṭṭa, kaṭṭu, kaḍi, kaḍadu, kaḍidu
Kannada meaning : intensity, vehemence, impetuosity, swiftness, abundance, greatness; greatly, swiftly
Kannada derivates : kaḍupu, kaḍipu, kaḍuhu, kaḍume force, vehemence, severity
Kodagu : kaḍɨpa
Kodagu meaning : quickness
Tulu : kaḍu
Tulu meaning : pungency, severity, excess; pungent, extreme, severe
Tulu derivates : kaḍdụ severity, rigour, harshness; kaḍpu excessive, beyond limit; kaḍuve hero, courageous man, clever man; kaḍụme pride, vanity, ostentation
Number in DED : 1135
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *kaḍ-
Meaning : much, great, exceeding
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : kaḍu
Additional forms : Also kaḍīdi id., difficult, hard; kaḍimi valour, bravery; increase; kaṭṭīḍi a cruel, merciless, hard-hearted, or unfeeling man; kaṭṭ-aluka great displeasure or anger
Number in DED : 1135
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kaḍ-
Meaning : bitter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : keḍed "(Pat.) severe"
Naikri : kaṛu "bitter, sour"
Number in DED : 1135
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kaṭ-
Meaning : sharp, severe (pain)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *kaṭ-
Konda : kaṭu
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *kaṭ-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-kui,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *kaṭ-
Meaning : spleen
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : kaṭ
Muria Gondi : kaṭ
Maria Gondi : kaṭṭi "gall bladder"
Koya Gondi : kay-kaṭ "bile"
Number in DED : 1148
Number in CVOTGD : 464, 523
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ma,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : kaṭu
Meaning: sharp (BB)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 1135
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *kaṭ-
Meaning : a severe fever
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : kaṭi nōmeri
Additional forms : Also Kui kaṭru kāu a species of fruit or berry with a pungent taste; (?) kṛō pungent; kṛō inba to have a pungent smell
Number in DED : 1135
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-addition,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *qaṛG-ā
Meaning : bitter, pungent, highly salted, harsh (fig.), changed to bitterness (of feelings)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : xaṛxā
Malto : qaṛqe
Additional forms : Also KUR xaṛxnā to affect the palate unpleasantly (as things salted or spiced to excess), be uttered harshly; xaṛxō bile in its vesicle; MLT qāṭare to throb with pain.
Number in DED : 1135
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : xar-ēn
Meaning : bitter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Number in DED : 1135
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-dednum,

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