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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kìjá
Meaning: a k. of grass
Russian meaning: вид травы
Turkic: *Kɨj(g)ak
Mongolian: *kija-
Tungus-Manchu: *kijo-kta
Korean: *kójōm
Japanese: *kàjá
Comments: The root denotes some wild-growing grass with sharp edges or thorns. In Kor. there probably occurred a secondary vowel assimilation (*káj- would be expected). Some interaction with *kúja 'nut' was possible, especially in the Kor.-Jap. area.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨj(g)ak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sedge
Russian meaning: осока
Turkish: kɨjak (dial.) 'marsh'
Tatar: qɨjaq 'leaves of cereals'
Middle Turkic: qijaɣ (Pav. C.) 'cut dried grass'
Uzbek: qijɔq
Uighur: qijaq 'grass'
Azerbaidzhan: gijax (dial.) 'grass name'
Turkmen: Gɨjaq 'пырей волосатый'
Khakassian: xɨjɣanax
Oyrat: qɨjɣaq
Halaj: qijāq 'soft plants as animal food'
Chuvash: xъja (ЭСТЯ: xъjax)
Kirghiz: qɨjaq 'острец', qɨjɣaq 'sedge'
Kazakh: qɨjaq 'grass name'
Noghai: qɨjaq
Bashkir: qɨjaq 'leaves of cereals'; dial. qɨjɣaq id., 'пырей'
Karaim: qɨjaq 'bulb'
Karakalpak: qɨjaq 'reed leaves'
Kumyk: qɨjaq
Comments: VEWT 262, ЭСТЯ 6, 201-202. Turk. > Mong. kijag id. (Kalm. kāg, KW 222, Khalkha xiag, Bur. x́āg, Ord. kāg, cf. TMN 3, 566). Cf. also Karakh. (MK) qajačuq 'a fragrant mountain grass'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kija-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: young fresh grass on river banks
Russian meaning: молодая свежая трава на берегу реки
Written Mongolian: kijaǯa
Kalmuck: kāzǝ
Dagur: ḱān 'вострец' (Тод. Даг. 148)
Comments: KW 222.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kijo-kta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: brier
Russian meaning: шиповник (плоды и кусты)
Even: kēkto 'unripe berry'
Literary Manchu: ḱōḱōn 'name of an edible plant'
Ulcha: qojoqto
Orok: qịjoqto
Nanai: qịoqto
Oroch: kijokto
Udighe: kökto, kiokto (Корм. 251)
Comments: ТМС 1, 387.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kójōm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of jujube, lotus persimmon
Russian meaning: вид ююбы, лотосовая хурма
Modern Korean: kojom
Middle Korean: kójōm
Comments: HMCH 173, Liu 66, KED 147.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kàjá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Miscanthus sinensis
Russian meaning: мискант
Old Japanese: kaja
Middle Japanese: kàjá
Tokyo: káya
Kyoto: káyá
Kagoshima: kayá
Comments: JLTT 446. All forms point to *kàjá except Kyoto which is aberrant.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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