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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kejbe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to lie
Russian meaning: лежать
Mongolian: *keb-
Tungus-Manchu: *kebi-
Korean: *kìbúr-
Japanese: *kǝjǝ-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 294, Ozawa 203-204, SKE 114.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *keb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to lie 2 to bow down
Russian meaning: 1 лежать 2 склоняться, нагибаться
Written Mongolian: kebte- 1 (L 439), kebiji- 2
Middle Mongolian: kibtä-, kä̆btä- (MA), kebte-, kebde-, gebte- (SH) 1
Khalkha: xevt- 2, xevij- 2
Buriat: xebte-
Kalmuck: keptǝ-
Ordos: gebte-
Dongxian: kiǯie-
Dagur: kert-, kerte- 1 (Тод. Даг. 150), kerete- 1 (MD 183)
Monguor: kidē- (SM 200) 'to lie (of animals)'
Mogol: teftä-; KT tebtä (11-1a)
Comments: KW 226, MGCD 339.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kebi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bow down, lie low
Russian meaning: пригнуться, лечь ничком
Literary Manchu: keb, keo (seme)
Ulcha: kebile-
Comments: ТМС 1, 442.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kìbúr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bow down, be sloping, decline
Russian meaning: наклоняться
Modern Korean: kiul-
Middle Korean: kì'úr-
Comments: Nam 79, KED 272.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kǝjǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lie
Russian meaning: лежать
Old Japanese: koju-
Comments: JLTT 711.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVwjV
Meaning: lie
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kʷei-, *kʷi̯ē- (or *k'ei- 1498)
Altaic: *kejbe
Uralic: *kujV
Dravidian: *kē-
Eskimo-Aleut: *qava-ʁ-
References: МССНЯ 355, ОСНЯ 1, 357. ND 1240 *ḲuyhV 'to rest, repose, be comfortable' (IE + Ur. + Arab.); 1948 *q̇ewyV 'to stay, lie, rest motionless' (but Kartv. hardly belongs here).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kʷey(e)-, *kʷyē-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to rest
Old Indian: cirá- n. `delay', cirá- `long, lasting a long time'
Avestan: šāiti-š `Freude', šyāta-, šāta- `erfreut'
Other Iranian: OPers šiyāti-š `Wohlbehagen'; NPers šāh `froh'
Slavic: *po-čī́tī, -*čī́jǭ, -*čī́nǭ; *po-kojī́tī, *po-kojь
Germanic: *xwīl-ō(n-) f.; *xwīl-ē-, -ō- vb.
Latin: quiēs, -ētis f. `Ruhe; Schlaf; Friede', quiēscō, -ere, quiēvī, quiētum `ruhen', quiētus `ruhig'; tranquillus, -a `ruhig, still'
Russ. meaning: отдыхать
References: WP I 510
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: почи́ть,
Near etymology: 3 л. ед. ч. почи́ет, итер. почива́ть, укр. спочива́ти "спать", ст.-слав. почити, почиѭ ἀναπαύειν (Супр.), болг. почи́на, почи́вам (си), сербохорв. по̀чинути "отдохнуть, скончаться", словен. počíti, роčȋjеm, чеш. od-počinouti, слвц. оdроčinút᾽, польск. оdросzуwас́, в.-луж. wоtроčоwас́, н.-луж. wótросуwаś.
Further etymology: Праслав. *počiti, связано чередованием гласных с *роkоjь (см. поко́й). Далее сюда же относятся др.-инд. cirás "продолжительный, долгий", лат. quiēs "покой", quiēscō, quiēvī "покоиться", tranquīlus, tranquillus "спокойный, тихий" (*transquilnos), гот. ƕeila "время, досуг" (Бернекер 1, 166; Траутман, ВSW 124; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 406; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 91; Торп 117). Без достаточных оснований в этой этимологии слова почи́ть сомневается Брюкнер (KZ 51, 227), который сравнивает слав. слова с др.-прусск. etskīuns "воскресший", et-skīsnan "воскресение". Последнее едва ли более вероятно.
Pages: 3,347-348
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xwīlō(n); *xwīlēn-, -ōn- vb.
Meaning: while; rest
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hʷīla f. (ō) `while, time'; *hʷīlan wk. `cease'
Old Norse: hvīla f. `Ruhestätte, Bett'; hvīla vb. `ruhen, ruhen lassen'
Norwegian: kvila sbs., vb.
Swedish: vila sbs., vb.
Danish: hvile sbs., vb.
Old English: hwīl `Weile, Zeit'
English: while
Old Frisian: hwīle; hwīla vb.
Old Saxon: hwīla, hwīl
Middle Dutch: wīle `tijd, uur, tijdsuur'
Dutch: wijl, wijlw f.; verwijlen
Middle Low German: wīle
Old High German: (h)wīla (8.Jh.), (h)wīl `Zeit(raum), Zeitpunkt, Stunde'; hwīlōn vb.
Middle High German: wīl(e) st./wk. f. 'weile, zeit, zeitpunkt, raum, stunde'
German: Weile
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1087
Root: kʷei̯ǝ-, kʷii̯ē-
English meaning: to rest quietly, quiet, peaceful
German meaning: `behaglich ruhen'
Derivatives: kʷii̯ē-t-s `Behagen', kʷii̯ē-to-s `froh', kʷī-lo- `ruhig'
Material: Ai. cirá-m `Zögern, Verzögerung', cirá- `langdauernd, lang'; apers. šiyāti-š `Wohlbehagen' (= lat. quiēs), av. šāiti-š `Freude' (š- = šy-, vgl. gathav. šyeitibyō), av. šyāta-, šāta- `erfreut' (= lat. quiētus), a-šāta- `unfroh' (= lat. inquiētus), Παρύ-σατις, av. šāišta- `behaglichst, erfreulichst', np. šād `froh', oss. anc̣ayun `ruhen'; sogd. š't `freudig';

    arm. han-gč̣im `ich ruhe', han-gist `Ruhe' (-gi- aus *-kʷi-);

    lat. quiēs, -ētis `Ruhe', quiē-sco, -scere, -vī, -tum `ruhen', mit Formans -lo- (wie germ.*hwīl-) tranquīlus, tranquillus `ruhig' (trans + kʷīlos);

    got. ƕeila, ags. hwīl, ahd. (h)wīla `Weile, Zeit', aisl. hvīla `Ruhebett', hvīld `Ruhe', got. ƕeilan `weilen, zögern, aufhören', ags. Hwāla MN, ahd. wīlōn, -ēn `weilen, sich aufhalten';

    aksl. pokojь `Ruhe', pokojǫ, pokojiti `beruhigen', počijǫ, počiti `ruhen';

    toch. В śāte `reich' (: av. šyāta- `erfreut');

    lyk. tezi `Sarkophag' aus *kʷjētis (?), Pedersen Lyk. und Hitt. 50.

References: WP. I 510, WH. II 406, Trautmann 124.
Pages: 638
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 389
Proto: *kujV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to lie
German meaning: liegen
Mari (Cheremis): kie- (KB), kije- (U B) 'liegen, hingestreckt sein', ? kuja- (B) 'fleischlichen Umgang pflegen'
Udmurt (Votyak): ki̮ĺĺi̮- (S), kǝ̑ĺĺǝ̑- (Kaz.), kị̑ĺĺị̑- (G) 'liegen'
Komi (Zyrian): kujli̮- (S), kujvi̮- (P), ku̇ĺĺi- (PO)
Khanty (Ostyak): χoj- (O) 'liegen, schlafen'
Mansi (Vogul): koj- (TJ), χoj- (KU), kuj- (P), χuj- (So.)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kē-
Meaning : to lie
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kē-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kē-
Proto-North Dravidian : *kī-d-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-koga,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kē-
Meaning : to lie
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cē (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to dwell, lie, remain, sleep
Tamil derivates : cēppu (cēppi-) to abide, remain; cēkkai cot, bed, roost, dwelling place, nest
Malayalam : cēkuka, cēkkuka
Malayalam meaning : to roost
Malayalam derivates : cēkal, cēyal, cēkka, cēkku a roost
Kannada : kē (kēd-)
Kannada meaning : to lie down, repose, copulate with
Kannada derivates : kēvu, (K2) kendu copulation
Tulu : kedoṇuni
Tulu meaning : to lie down, rest
Tulu derivates : (B-K) ketoṇu, katoṇu to lie down; kerapāvu to cause to lie down; kēlụ abode of a Pariah
Number in DED : 1990
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kē-
Meaning : to sleep
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : kēp- (kēpt-) "to make (child) to sleep"
Number in DED : 1990
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *kī-d-
Meaning : to lie down
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : kīdnā, kīdʔānā "to allow or invite one to lie down for rest or sleep, put to bed (a child, a sick person), lay in the grave"
Malto : kīde "to lay down"
Number in DED : 1990
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *qava-ʁ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to sleep
Russian meaning: спать
Proto-Yupik: *qava-ʁ-
Proto-Inupik: *qava-ʁ-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 291
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *qava-ʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: dream 1, to sleep 2
Russian Meaning: сон 1, спать 2
Sirenik: qavǝ́χ 1, qavǝ́χtǝqǝ́χtǝχ 2
Chaplino: qaváq (t), kávaq 1, qaváʁaquq 2
Naukan: qaváq 1, qavāquq 2
Koniag (AAY): qawaʁ- 2
Central Alaskan Yupik: qawaʁ- 2
Chevak (Peripheral): qavaʁ- 2
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-koni,yupet-cay,yupet-chev,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *qava-ʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to sleep on back in water (seal)
Russian meaning: спать в воде на боку (о тюлене)
Seward Peninsula Inupik: qawaqtuq-, qawaqsiq-
North Alaskan Inupik: qavaq-
WCI Dialects: Cop qavariaq* 'dream' (shaman's word) [Ras.]
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 291
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-nai,inupet-wcis,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVWV
Meaning : to lie
Eurasiatic : *ḳVwjV
Afroasiatic : *ḳVwy- 'remain, spend the night' (Sem., Cush., Omot.)
Sino-Caucasian : *=áqwV; cf. also *=ixq̇wV́ 'sit, dwell'
Austric : PAA *ku:j / *kuj 'sleep, sit'
Amerind (misc.) : *yaqʷ 'lie down' (R 430) [+ A]; *iku 'sit; dwell, be' (R 633) [+ A K]; *ka 'sleep; sit down, lie down' (R 650); *ka 'be' (R 43) [+ A]
Notes : Probably 2 roots.
Reference : ND 1948.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *=áqwV
Meaning: to lie down
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *=aq_wV
Yenisseian: *ʔa(ʔ)q-ɔt- (~-G-,-χ-)
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *=aq_wV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to fall, to lie; to get into
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=ik:ʷ-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔaqɨ-
Notes: An Av.-And.-Lezg. isogloss, demonstrating the Ablaut *a/i.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *=ik:ʷ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to get into 2 to happen 3 to fall
Avar: k:e- 1,2
Chadakolob: xe(l)- 1,2
Andian language: =uk:- 1,3
Chamalal: =uk- 1,3
Tindi: =ux:- 1
Karata: =ek:ʷ- (Anch.)3
Comments: Avar reflects stem II (*k:ʷV-), Andian languages - stem I (*=ik:ʷ-). A stem with Ablaut (*=ak:ʷ-) is reflected in Cham. and Tind. in plural (Cham. plur. =ak-ur-, Tind. plur. =ax:-; cf. perhaps also And. =ok:-/=ek:- 'to stay').
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-and,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔaqɨ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to lie
Tabasaran: d-aq-
Agul: aqu xas
Archi: a=χa-
Comment: The Arch. form can belong both here and to the PL *ʔaχär- 'sleep, lie' q.v. The original meaning of PL *ʔaqɨ- must have been 'to fall, to become spilled, scattered', cf. Ag. l-aqa-s (Bursh. aqi-s) 'to scatter, spill, get scattered' (cf. also in Tab. without the d- preverb aq- 'to fall'), Arch. c-a=χa- 'to fall; to throw' (with an expressive preverb) and possibly also Lezg. al-aq- 'to stick, adhere', Ag. ʕ-aq- (Bursh. ʕ-aqi-) 'to mix'.

    Cf. also Tab. al-a=q-, Düb. h-a=q-, Ag. ʕat:-aq- 'to meet, encounter' (*"to fall upon") - which may have obtained its meaning due to the influence of PL *ʔiqɨ- 'to find' (q.v.), or may, in fact, provide a link between these two roots (stems): see PEC *=iq_wV.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaq-ɔt-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to sleep
Ket: dittoʁoat, praet. tōĺoʁoat, imp. tallat (Кастр.) [Werner: -ʁot]
Yug: dittoʁoat, praet. tōroʁoat,imp. tarroat (Кастр.) [Werner: -χot]
Kottish: d́agat (М., Сл., Кл.) "I sleep"; Ass. (М., Сл., Кл.) jáhatan id.
Arin: áqodoŋ (М., Сл., Кл.) "I sleep"; (Лоск.) axot id.
Pumpokol: xotɨk (Срсл., Кл.) "to sleep"
Comments: ССЕ 183. The second part of the stem is also attested by itself (see *tVn-); the first part is independently witnessed perhaps only in Pump. (Срсл.) ak "to lie down". Werner 1, 359-360 *qot 'to lie', with a clearly unsufficient analysis of the paradigms.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-pum,yenet-notes,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *Ku
Meaning: to sit; be
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *gu (also *ku:j / *kuj sleep, sit)
Austroasiatic meaning: sit
Munda parallels: Kar Doko sit
Proto-Thai: gɨ:.A to be
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-mun,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *gu
Meaning: sit
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: gɨ:.A to be
Proto-Katuic: *gu
Proto-Bahnaric: *go / *kǝ̆w
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-bah,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *gu
Meaning: to sit
Presyllable: tǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *gu / *ka:w
Proto-East Katuic: *ku
References: P-265; TK16.253
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

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West Katuic etymology :

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Proto-West Katuic: *gu / *ka:w
Meaning: to sit
Presyllable: tǝ-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru Van Keu: taku
Bru Van Keu meaning: to sit
So: taku.B
So meaning: to sit
Bru: tǝku:.B
Bru meaning: to sit
Kui: tǝka:w.N
Kui meaning: to sit
Kuay: takaw.N
Kuay meaning: sit
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-wpre,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-vkv,wkatet-vkvme,wkatet-so,wkatet-some,wkatet-bru,wkatet-brume,wkatet-kui,wkatet-kuime,wkatet-kuay,wkatet-kuayme,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *ku
Meaning: to sit
Presyllable: tǝ-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Pakoh: tiku:
Pakoh meaning: to sit
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-pak,ekatet-pakme,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *go / *kǝ̆w
Meaning: sit, wait
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Bahnar: go
Bahnar meaning: to wait
Proto-North Bahnaric: JEH ku.T
Proto-West Bahnaric: *k[ǝw]
Proto-Northwest-Bahnaric: *ko
banet-meaning,banet-prpr,banet-prnum,banet-bah,banet-bahme,banet-nob,banet-web,banet-nwb,

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North Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-Bahnaric:
Meaning: wait, ambush
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jeh form: ku.T
Jeh meaning: to wait for, ambush
nobet-meaning,nobet-prnum,nobet-jeh,nobet-jehme,

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West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-West- Bahnaric: *k[ǝw]
Meaning: sit
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jaru form: kuo
Jaru meaning: located, sit; TL: kǝw
Lavi: kuo
Juk: ko:
Nhaheung form: kuo
Nhaheung meaning: sit, find oneself
Brao form: ku:
Brao meaning: sit, dwell
References: JS-647
webet-meaning,webet-prnum,webet-jr,webet-jrme,webet-lve,webet-jk,webet-nha,webet-nhame,webet-brao,webet-brame,webet-refer,

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North-West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-West- Bahnaric: *k[ǝw]
Meaning: live, stay
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Tariang: ko:
Kaseng: kǝw
Yaeh: ko:
nwbet-meaning,nwbet-prnum,nwbet-tr,nwbet-ks,nwbet-yh,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong:
Meaning: sleep
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Vietnamese: nguʔ
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-viet,

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