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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kāma
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of fish
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Tungus-Manchu: *kām-
Korean: *kàmór-thi
Japanese: *kamasu
Comments: An Eastern isogloss, with somewhat unclear tone / length correspondences; cf. perhaps also Chuv. kъʷmъʷs 'young fish' ( < PT *kem- ~ *köm-); Khak. xamnax 'roach, сорога'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kām-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dried fish
Russian meaning: юкола
Even: qām
Oroch: kambuti 'name of a small fish'
Comments: ТМС 1, 369, 370. Cf. also Oroch kemmui 'herring' (ТМС 1, 448).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kàmór-thì
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: eel; (KED) snake fish (Channa argus), snakehead, mullet
Russian meaning: угорь
Modern Korean: kamulčhi
Middle Korean: kàmóthì, kamorthi
Comments: Nam 4, KED 17.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kamasu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sea pike
Russian meaning: морская щука
Tokyo: kàmasu, kamasú
Kyoto: kámású
Kagoshima: kamasú
Comments: Kagoshima and Tokyo favour the reconstruction *kàmású or *kàmàsù; the Kyoto accent, however, is quite irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *kVmV
Meaning: a k. of fish
Indo-European: *k'ama-
Altaic: *kāma
Uralic: *kOmV eine Art Forelle (Salmo)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *qamŋ̣ъ
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *k'ama-
Meaning: a k. of fish (sheat-fish ?)
Old Greek: pl. kămăsē̂n-es, gen. -ōn m. 'fish (Emp.), a special k. of fish (AP)
Slavic: *somъ
Baltic: *čam-a- c.
Russ. meaning: рыба (сом)
References: Fraenkel 962
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: сом,
Near etymology: род. п. -а́, укр. сом, род. п. со́ма, болг. сом, сербохорв. со̏м, род. п. со̀ма, словен. sòm, род. п. sóma, др.-чеш. som, чеш. sumec, слвц. sumec, др.-польск. som, польск. sum, н.-луж. som.
Further etymology: Родственно лит. šãmas -- то же, лтш. sams "сом", далее сравнивают с греч. καμασήν, род. п. -ῆνος "какая-то рыба" (Сольмсен, Beitr. 122 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 298; Лёвенталь, WuS 10, 142; М.--Э. 3, 689). Следует отделять от слав. слова лат. salmō, род. п. -ōnis "лосось", вопреки Преобр. II, 355.
Trubachev's comments: [См. еще Мошинский, Zasiąg, стр. 188; иначе Топоров--Трубачев, Лингв. анализ гидронимов Верхнего Поднепровья, стр. 247. -- Т.]
Pages: 3,716
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 446
Proto: *kOmV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: a k. of trout (Salmo)
German meaning: eine Art Forelle (Salmo)
Komi (Zyrian): kom (S, SO) 'Äsche (Thymallus)' ?
Selkup: k͔aawìa, k͔aawia (Ke.), k͔áamia, k͔aamià, k͔aámia (N) 'Salmo lenoc' ?
Kamass: kami-kola 'Äsche (Salmo thymallus)', eig. 'Schuppenfisch' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-kom,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *qamŋ̣ъ
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): камбала
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *qamŋъ " (~ k-)
Proto-Itelmen: *[q]amx
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *qamŋъ " (~ k-)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): камбала
Palan: qamŋǝ-qam ", kamŋǝ-kam "
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-pal,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *[q]amx
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): камбала
West Itelmen: kamx
West Itelmen meaning: pleurenectes
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): flądra
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,

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