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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *i̯ṓle
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to hang on (smth.), hang on hook
Russian meaning: вешать (на что-л.), висеть на крюке
Turkic: *īl-
Mongolian: *elgü-
Tungus-Manchu: *ol-
Korean: *ori
Comments: SKE 178, EAS 106, Poppe 76 (Turk.-Mong.; assumption of Mong. being borrowed from Turk., see Щербак 1997, 120, is improbable). Turk. has a somewhat unexpected narrowing: *īl- instead of *ẹ̄l-; however, the etymology still seems probable (despite Doerfer's categorical refusal: "lautgesetzlich unmöglich"; see TMN 2, 214).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *īl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to hang on (smth.) 2 hook
Russian meaning: 1 вешать (на что-л.) 2 крючок
Old Turkic: il- (OUygh.) 1, ilin- (refl.) (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: il- (MK) 1, ɨlɨn- (refl.) (MK) 1
Turkish: dial. il- 1, ilmek 2
Tatar: el- 1
Middle Turkic: ɨl- (Abush., Sangl.), ɨlɨn- (refl.) (Pav. C.) 1
Uzbek: il- 1, ilmɔq 2
Uighur: il- 1, ilmaq 2, 'loop'
Azerbaidzhan: ilmäk 2
Turkmen: īl- 1
Khakassian: ǝl-
Oyrat: il- 1, ilmek 2
Chuvash: jъlъ, jъlmak 'loop'
Yakut: īl- 1
Tuva: il- 1
Tofalar: il- 1
Kirghiz: il- 1, ilmek 2
Kazakh: il- 1
Noghai: il- 1
Bashkir: el- 1
Balkar: ilin- (refl.) 1
Karakalpak: il- 1, ilmek 2
Kumyk: il- 1
Comments: VEWT 170, ЭСТЯ 1, 343-346, Егоров 73-74.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *elgü-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hang on (smth.)
Russian meaning: вешать (на что-л.)
Written Mongolian: elgü- (L 309)
Middle Mongolian: elgu- (SH), ulku- (MA 276)
Khalkha: ölgö-
Buriat: ülge-
Kalmuck: ölgǝ-
Ordos: ülgü-
Dagur: elgu- (Тод. Даг. 139), el(e)wē- (MD 143)
Shary-Yoghur: olGo-, uɣu-
Comments: KW 294, MGCD 543. Mong. > Evk. elgu etc. (hardly vice versa; see Doerfer MT 89).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hook (for hanging kettle) 2 to hang over fire
Russian meaning: 1 крюк (для подвешивания чайника) 2 подвешивать над огнем
Evenki: oldon 1, ollon- 2
Even: olrāwụn 1, olrān- 2
Negidal: olōn 1
Ulcha: ōrpụn 1
Orok: olǯịɣa 1
Nanai: olpị 1
Oroch: ogǯiɣa 1
Udighe: olohu 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 14-15. TM forms like elgu- should be regarded as mongolisms. Evk. > Dolg. oldōn, oldon (see Stachowski 191).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ori
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a fishing hook with several barbs
Russian meaning: рыболовный крючок с зазубринами
Modern Korean: ori
Comments: SKE 178. The noun is found only is absent from major MKor. and modern Korean dictionaries and thus somewhat dubious.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ɣUlV
Meaning: to curve, twist
Altaic: *i̯ṓle
Uralic: *ulke 'pole (for hanging)' ?
Kartvelian: *ɣul-
Dravidian: *iḷ-uk-
Comments: [For SDR *cuḷ-uk- cf. rather PA *č`i̯olu 314]
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1104
Proto: *ulke
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: pole, post
German meaning: Stange
Finnish: ulku (dial.) 'eine Stange gebraucht bei einer Lachsfangart, Fallenstange'
Saam (Lapp): hǫl'gâ -lg- (N) 'horizontally placed bar or pole (for hanging or as a support)', hål'kå (L) 'Stange ohne Ast od. Gabelung; Trockengestell', olk (T) 'horizontale Stange zum Aufhängen der Kleider od. Netze', olk-sujn (Kld.) 'Rohr'
Mordovian: olga (M) 'Stange'
Komi (Zyrian): ī̮ (I) 'стойка в чуме'
Khanty (Ostyak): ŏχǝt (Ni.) 'die Dachsparren', ŏχǝл (Kaz.) 'Stange'
Mansi (Vogul): āwla (So.) 'Sparren, wo Fische getrocknet werden'
Janhunen's version: (53) *uli6, FU *ulki
Sammalahti's version: *uli6, FU *ulki
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣul-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: изогнутый, кpивой
English meaning: bent, crooked
Georgian: ɣul-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): pод сеpпа; ɣvl-arč̣-nil- 'скрученный'
Georgian meaning (Engl.): a k. of sickle; ɣvl-arč̣-nil- 'twisted'
Megrel: ɣula
Megrel meaning (Rus.): изогнутый, кpивой
Megrel meaning (Eng.): bent, crooked
Svan: ɣalaj ?
Svan meaning (Rus.): колесо (в EWK: ɣul-äj 'колено', ɣu-rǯ- 'искривлять')
Svan meaning (Eng.): wheel (in EWK: ɣul-äj 'knee', ɣu-rǯ- 'to make crooked')
Laz: ɣul(a)
Laz meaning (Rus.): кpивой, косой
Laz meaning (Eng.): crooked, slant
Notes and references: Климов 1994, 75; EWK 403-404. Ср. ПИЕ *(H)wel(u)- 'крутить, изгибать', ? алт. *iōl(k)i 'крюк, вешать на крюк'. Сближение с ПИЕ см. Климов ibid. (хотя предположение о заимствовании ни на чем не основано).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *iḷ-uk-
Meaning : to be sprained
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *uḷ-uk- (*cuḷ-uk-)
Proto-Telugu : *il-uk-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ilk-
Notes : The SDR development *-i- > *-u- is irregular.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *uḷ-uk- (*cuḷ-uk-) ??
Meaning : to be sprained
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : uḷukku (uḷukki-)
Tamil meaning : to be sprained, dislocated; n. sprain, dislocation
Tamil derivates : cuḷukku (cuḷukki-) to be sprained, dislocated; ? uḷai (-v-, -nt-) to ache or suffer pain in the limbs as from weariness, cold, rheumatism, suffer griping pain as with dysentery, suffer in mind, perish; (-pp-, -tt-) to afflict, torment, make sorrowful, dislike; uḷaivu, uḷaippu griping pain, intense pain
Malayalam : uḷukkal, uḷukku, uḷukkam
Malayalam meaning : a sprain
Malayalam derivates : uḷukkuka to be dislocated; cuḷukku sprain, wrench, cramp; cuḷuŋŋuka to be distorted, shrink, wrinkle; cuḷukkuka to distort, wrench; uḷayuka to suffer a dragging pain
Kannada : ulaku
Kannada meaning : to be sprained
Kannada derivates : ulaku, iluku cramp, sprain; uluku, ulku, uḷuku, uḷku a sprain
Tulu : uḷku, ulku
Tulu meaning : a sprain or cramp
Tulu derivates : uḷkuni to be sprained or cramped
Proto-Nilgiri : *cik-
Number in DED : 2702
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *cik-
Meaning : to be sprained
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : tik- (tiky-)
Number in DED : 2702
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *il-uk-
Meaning : a sprain
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : iluku
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : iluku "sprain, to be sprained"
Number in DED : 2702
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_kr,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *ilk-
Meaning : to be sprained
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *ilk-
Konda : ilk- (-t-)
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *ilk-
Meaning : to be sprained
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Koya Gondi : ilk- (Su.)
Number in DED : 2702
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-dednum,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : ilk- (-t-)
Meaning: (part of the body) to be sprained
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 2702
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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