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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *i̯ā́k`V
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: light, white
Russian meaning: светлый, белый
Turkic: *Āk
Mongolian: *jagaɣan
Tungus-Manchu: *ixere
Korean: *ikɨr-
Japanese: *áká-
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 110, 277. The final vowel is not quite clear: some languages point to *-i or *-e, others - rather to *-a.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Āk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: white
Russian meaning: белый
Old Turkic: aq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: aq (MK)
Turkish: ak
Tatar: aq
Middle Turkic: aq ~
Uzbek: ɔq
Uighur: aq
Sary-Yughur: aq
Azerbaidzhan:
Turkmen: āq
Khakassian: ax
Shor: aq
Oyrat: aq
Tuva: aq
Tofalar: aq
Kirghiz: aq
Kazakh: aq
Noghai: aq
Bashkir: aq
Balkar: aq
Gagauz: aq
Karaim: aq
Karakalpak: aq
Salar:
Kumyk: aq
Comments: VEWT 12, TMN 2, 84-5, ЭСТЯ 1, 116-117, EDT 75, Лексика 598-599.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *jagaɣan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pink
Russian meaning: розовый
Written Mongolian: jaɣan (L 423)
Khalkha: jagān
Buriat: jagān
Kalmuck: jaɣan (СЯОС)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ixere
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: candle, light
Russian meaning: светильник, свеча, свет
Negidal: ixere ( < STung.)
Ulcha: ixere
Orok: ixere
Nanai: ixere
Oroch: ixere
Comments: ТМС 1, 302.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ikɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to burn lively; to be deeply flushed
Russian meaning: ярко гореть; сильно краснеть
Modern Korean: igɨl-kǝri- 1, igɨl-igɨl-ha- 1, 2
Comments: KED 1319.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *áká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: red
Russian meaning: красный
Old Japanese: aka-
Middle Japanese: áká-
Tokyo: àka-
Kyoto: ákà-
Kagoshima: ákà-
Nase: hā́-
Shuri: àká-
Hateruma: ágà-
Yonakuni: àgá-ntárí
Comments: JLTT 825.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *jVḳV
Meaning: light, shine
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *Ayǝk'-
Altaic: *i̯ā́k`V
Uralic: FV *yakś(te)rV 'red', Sam. *yekV 'white'
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *joqa-
References: ND 762 *[h]awka 'light, bright' (Turk. + IE *aug- + SH ?); 2628 *yäḲE 'bright, white' (rest of Alt. + Ur., IE).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *Ayǝk'-
Meaning: clear, light
Old Indian: yáśas- n. `beautiful appearance, beauty, splendour, worth'
Slavic: *ēsъ `блеск', *ēsnъ(ji), *ēskrāvъ(jь), *ēskā etc. *jьskrā
Baltic: *aîč-k-u- adj., *ī̂č-k-u- adj., *ič-k-ja- adj., *aîč-k-t-u- adj., *aĩč-k-t-iā̃ f.
Russ. meaning: ясный, светлый
References: WP I 2
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: я́сный,
Near etymology: я́сен, ясна́, я́сно, укр. я́сний, др.-русск., ст.-слав. снъ αἴθριος (Супр.), оушнти "делать ясным" (Долобко, RЕS 6, 30), болг. я́сен, я́сна, сербохорв. jа̏сан, jа̏сна, словен. jásǝn, ж. jásna, чеш., слвц. jasný, польск. jasny, в.-луж., н.-луж. jasny. Отсюда ясня́ "просека", я́ска "яркая звезда".
Further etymology: Праслав. *(j)ěsnъ родственно лит. áiškus "ясный, четкий", ýškus -- то же, éiškus -- то же, éiškiai -- нареч., а также и́скра, далее сближают с др.-инд. уác̨аs ср. р. "великолепие, пышность, блеск" (Педерсен, IF 5, 43; Траутман, ВSW 4; Френкель, Lit. Wb. 3; Бернекер I, 276; Эндзелин, СБЭ 55). Сомнительно родство с яви́ться, я́вный, вопреки Микколе (Ursl. Gr. I, 165; см. Соболевский, РФВ 71, 433). Прочие рискованные этимологии см. у Лёвенталя (AfslPh 37, 383).
Trubachev's comments: [Мошинский (JР, 37, 1957, стр. 296; Zasiąg, стр. 201) толкует слав. слово из и.-е. *aidh(-s)- "жечь, гореть". -- Т.]
Pages: 4,565-566
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *aîč-k-u- adj., *ī̂č-k-u- adj., *ič-k-ja- adj., *aîč-k-t-u- adj., *aĩč-k-t-iā̃ f.
Meaning: clear, even
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: áišku-, éišku-, ī́šku- `klar, deutlich', iščia- id.; aikštù- `eben, weit, geräumig', aikštē̃ `Lichtung, offene Stelle, Platz'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 44
Root: aisk-
English meaning: bright, shining
German meaning: `klar, hell, leuchtend'
Material: Awnord. eiskra `vor hitziger Erregung wüten', nisl. iskra auch von brennendem Schmerz.

    Lit. áiškus, woneben schwundstufig alit. iškùs `deutlich'.

    Russ. dial. jáska, demin. jásočka `klarer Stern', daneben abg. jasno Adv. `klar, deutlich', russ. jásnyj `licht, klar' aus *aiskno-; poln. jaskry, jaskrawy `blendend, funkelnd' aus *aiskro-; abg. iskra `Funke' usw. aus *iskrā.

    Hierher die FlN nhd. Aisch (Bayern), Eysch(en) (Luxemburg), nengl. Axe aus kelt. oder ven.-ill. *Aiskā.

References: WP. I 2, Trautmann 4, Pokorny Urill. 70, 113, M. Förster Themse 839.
See also: Vielleicht aus *aidh-sk- entstanden, oder aus *ai-sk- zu ā̆i-4.
Pages: 16-17
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *joqa-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): красный, ясный
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ʒoqa
Proto-Itelmen: *suka- ЮК
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ʒoqa
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): красная краска ольховой коры
Koryak: joqa
Alutor: juqa-juq "
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-kor,chuket-alu,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *suka- ЮК
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): ясный
South Itelmen: sukaz-nik 3sg. pres.
South Itelmen meaning (Latin): tempus serenum est, serenat
South Itelmen meaning (Polish): jasno, pogoda jest
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-sit,itelet-sitmea,itelet-sitmep,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : JVKV
Meaning : light, shine
Eurasiatic : *jVḳV
Afroasiatic : *yVḳ- (Ar., Bln., Eg.)
Reference : ND 2628.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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