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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ìlù
Meaning: third (or next after three), consisting of three objects
Russian meaning: третий (или четвертый после трех), состоящий из трех предметов
Turkic: *ölöŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *ilan
Japanese: *ùrùpu
Comments: An interesting etymon; the original meaning can be probably reconstructed as "(a group of) three objects, followed by a fourth". The Turkic form must represent a vowel assimilation < *ilöŋ.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ölöŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: song with three out of four verses rhyming (first, second and fourth)
Russian meaning: песня с тремя рифмующимися строфами (первой, второй и четвертой)
Middle Turkic: öleŋ 'a wedding song' (Sangl.)
Uighur: ölɛŋ 'Kazakh's song'
Turkmen: öleŋ
Yakut: oloŋxo 'Yakut metric epos'
Kirghiz: ölöŋ 'song with one rhyme for a dozen lines (песня с рифмовкой на дюжину)'
Kazakh: ölöŋ
Comments: VEWT 371, EDT 147.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ilan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: three
Russian meaning: три
Evenki: ilan
Even: ịlъ̣n
Negidal: ịlan
Spoken Manchu: ilan (2737)
Literary Manchu: ilan
Jurchen: (j)ilan (638)
Ulcha: ịla(n)
Orok: ịla(n)
Nanai: ịlã
Oroch: ila(n)
Udighe: ila(n)
Solon: ilã
Comments: ТМС 1, 305-306.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ùrùpu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bissextile (year, month)
Russian meaning: високосный (год, месяц)
Middle Japanese: ùrùfu
Tokyo: úrū, urū́
Kyoto: ùrū̂
Kagoshima: urū́
Comments: Modern dialects point rather to *ùrúpù (although accent on the non-first syllables is somewhat difficult to reconstruct because of contractions).

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