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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gi̯aŋu
Meaning: wild onion
Russian meaning: дикий лук
Turkic: *gEmürgen
Tungus-Manchu: *guŋur
Japanese: *k(u)i
Comments: Cf. also some similar roots: *gokV, *ki̯omga, *k`éma (with possible mergers). Medial -m- in Turk. may be either due to these mergers, or a result of labial assimilation (*gEmürgen < *gEŋürgen). The Jpn. form must go back to a suffixed *gi̯aŋ(u)-gV.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *gEmürgen
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild onion or garlic
Russian meaning: дикий лук или чеснок
Karakhanid: kövürgen (MK), kömürgen (MK - Oghuz)
Turkish: gümüren
Khakassian: köbǝrgen
Oyrat: köbürgen
Tuva: kögürön (dial.)
Tofalar: kögirhen
Kirghiz: köbürgön
Gagauz: kömüren
Comments: EDT 691, ЭСТЯ 3, 100; VEWT 285; Лексика 124. Sometimes explained as derived from köbür- 'to foam' (see VEWT ibid.); this seems a folk etymology, but may explain the irregular -b- in some of the forms.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *guŋur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: garlic
Russian meaning: чеснок
Evenki: guŋur
Comments: ТМС 1, 173. Attested only in Evk., with possible external parallels.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *k(u)i
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of onion
Russian meaning: вид лука
Old Japanese: k(j)i
Comments: JLTT 449.

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