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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gijo
Meaning: notch, to cut aslant
Russian meaning: зарубка, резать наискосок
Turkic: *Kɨj-
Tungus-Manchu: *gia-
Japanese: *ki
Comments: Kalm. kāčǝ- (WMong. kijači-, KW 222) 'to split (wood)' is probably borrowed from the Turk. derivative *Kɨjgač- (although the latter now means basically 'slant', the original meaning was 'cut aslant'). If the latter was the original meaning in PA, one could also compare Mong. *geji-, *geje- 'slanting, oblique' (otherwise see notes to *k`i̯úŋ(k)u).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cut aslant, make notches 2 to cut in small pieces
Russian meaning: 1 резать наискосок, делать зарубки 2 резать на мелкие кусочки
Karakhanid: qɨj- (MK) 1
Turkish: kɨj- 2
Middle Turkic: qɨj- (AH, Ettuhf.) 1
Uzbek: qij- 1
Turkmen: Gɨj- 1
Khakassian: xɨj- 1
Oyrat: qɨj- 1
Chuvash: xъjъ chip, sliver
Yakut: kɨj- 'walk around'
Tuva: qɨj- 1
Kirghiz: qɨj- 1
Noghai: qɨj- 1
Gagauz: qɨj- 2
Karakalpak: qɨj-
Comments: VEWT 261, ЭСТЯ 6, 197-200. Turk. *kɨjgač > Kalm. kīɣǝs (KW 234). The meaning of the Orkh. hapax qɨd- (see EDT 595) is quite insecure and cannot serve as a basis for reconstructing *Kɨd-; all other forms (including qɨj- 'to cut aslant' and qɨj-ma 'cut meat' in MK) point unambiguously to *Kɨj-, see ЭСТЯ 6, 200, 202-203. There exist also common Turkic derivatives *Kɨj-ɨr and *Kɨj-ɨk 'oblique, bent'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gia-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to plane, notch 2 chips, shavings
Russian meaning: 1 строгать, скоблить (кривым ножом) 2 стружки
Negidal: gē̂sadan 2
Literary Manchu: ǵa- 1 (cf. also geje- to carve)
Ulcha: Gē̂- 1
Orok: Gē̂- 1
Nanai: Gịa- 1
Oroch: gǟsa 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 147, 178. If the original meaning is "to cut aslant" (cf. the Turkic parallels), cf. also Ud. gojom, Nan. Gojmo 'crooked, aslant' (ТМС 1, 158).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: notch
Russian meaning: зарубка
Old Japanese: kji
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,

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