Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *ḗra
Meaning: rough
Russian meaning: грубый
Turkic: *Ērig
Mongolian: *ar-
Korean: *ar-
Japanese: *árá-
Comments: Martin 225 (Kor.-Jpn.)
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *Ērig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rough, large
Russian meaning: грубый, крупный
Old Turkic: erig (OUygh.) 'wild'
Karakhanid: erig (MK) 'lively, energetic'
Turkish: iri
Tatar: ĭrĭ
Middle Turkic: iri (Бор. Бад.), irik (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.), erig (Qutb.)
Uzbek: jirik
Uighur: irik, jirik
Azerbaidzhan: iri
Turkmen: īri
Kirghiz: iri
Kazakh: iri
Noghai: iri
Bashkir: ĭrĭ
Karaim: iri
Karakalpak: iri
Comments: EDT 221, 222, ЭСТЯ 1, 371-372. Modern languages reveal a secondary vowel narrowing. Turk. > Hung. öreg.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *ar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to become dry, hard 2 dry, hard, thick 3 to be rough, shaggy
Russian meaning: 1 засыхать, черстветь 2 густой, сухой, черствый 3 быть грубым, шершавым
Written Mongolian: arɣu- 1 (L 51: arɣa-), arɣu 2, arǯiji-, arǯaji- (L 55) 3
Khalkha: arga- 1, argū(n) 2, arǯī-, arʒaj- 3
Buriat: arga- 1, argūn 2, arzaj- 3
Kalmuck: arzā- 3
Ordos: arǯi-, arǯǟ- 3
Dagur: arbǝi- (MGCD)
Monguor: rǯī- (MGCD), (a)rʒǝ̄- (SM 13, 311), rʒ́ī- 3
Comments: KW 16, MGCD 118.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *ar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bare, naked, stripped to essentials
Russian meaning: голый, простой
Modern Korean: al-
Middle Korean: ar-
Comments: Liu 526, KED 1088.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *árá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rough
Russian meaning: грубый
Old Japanese: ara-
Middle Japanese: árá-
Tokyo: àra-
Kyoto: árà-
Comments: JLTT 825.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-comments,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
20366422823
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov