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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ēŋV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to think, understand
Russian meaning: думать, понимать
Turkic: *āŋ, *āŋ-la-
Mongolian: *aɣuda-la-
Tungus-Manchu: *eŋē-
Japanese: *ǝ̀mǝ̀-p-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1,154 (Turk.-Mong.), АПиПЯЯ 286. The Jpn. word poses some problems: its accent does not correspond to Turkic length, and if we reconstruct *ēŋo (as required by Jpn. *ǝ-), PT should have a closed *ạ̄. It is worth while therefore to consider other explanations of Jpn. *ǝ̀mǝ̀-p-: e. g. compare it with Mong. ojun 'thought' and reconstruct a separate protoform like *uńo.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *āŋ, *āŋ-la-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to understand 2 intelligence 3 to hear 4 to discern (dial.)
Russian meaning: 1 понимать 2 разум, ум 3 слышать 4 различать (диал.)
Old Turkic: aŋla- (OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: aŋla- (MK, KB) 1
Turkish: anla- 1
Tatar: aŋ-ɣar- 1
Middle Turkic: 2, aŋla- 1 (Sangl.)
Uighur: aŋla- 3
Sary-Yughur: aŋna- 3
Azerbaidzhan: anla- 1
Turkmen: āŋla- 1, āŋ 2
Khakassian: aŋdɨ- 'to look attentively'
Halaj: aŋla- 1 ( < Az.)
Chuvash: ъʷn 2
Yakut: aŋlā- 4
Kirghiz: 2
Comments: VEWT 20, TMN 2,130, EDT 165, 186, ЭСТЯ 1, 153-154. WMong. aŋ-ǯira- 'to know, understand' < Turkic Siberian languages (aŋ-sɨra- with the affix of incomplete verb quality); WMong. aŋqar- < Turk. *āŋ-gar-.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *aɣuda-la-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to search, investigate, rummage
Russian meaning: искать, рыться в чем-л.
Written Mongolian: aɣudala- (L 16)
Khalkha: ūdla-
Buriat: ūdal-
Kalmuck: ūdḷ-
Ordos: ūdala-
Mogol: audɔl- (Weiers); ZM oudal (24-9a) `investigation'
Comments: KW 454.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)eŋē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to peer, investigate
Russian meaning: заглядывать, разведывать
Even: eŋēli-, eŋēt-
Comments: ТМС 2, 458. Attested only in Evn., but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀mǝ̀-p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to think
Russian meaning: думать
Old Japanese: omop-
Middle Japanese: òmòf-
Tokyo: omó-
Kyoto: ómó-
Kagoshima: òmò-
Comments: JLTT 741.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVŋV
Meaning: to understand, brain (?)
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *āw-
Altaic: *ēŋV
Uralic: *ajŋe
Dravidian: *eṇ-
References: UEW 5 (Alt.-Ur.). ND 54 *ʔayŋo 'marrow, brain, soft fat of animals' prefers to compare Ur. with IE *ongʷ- 'anoint' which is dubious. Cf. also ND 777 *hAwŋV 'sense, mind, soul' (Alt. : very dubious Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *āw- <PIH *ā->
Meaning: to note, to listen
Hittite: au(s)-/u(wa)- (II,I) 'sehen, erblicken; lesen' (Tischler 95ff)
Old Indian: āvís adv. `before the eyes, openly, evidently'
Avestan: āviš adv. `offenbar, vor Augen'
Old Greek: ai̯sthánomai̯ (und áisthomai̯), aor. ai̯sthésthai̯ `empfinden, wahrnehmen, bemerken', en-ǟéo- `wohlwollend, mild'; aíō `wahrnehmen, hören', 3 sg. áei = akoúei̯, ipv. 2 pl. áete = akoúsate (Hsch.)
Slavic: *āvītī, *āvē; *ūmъ, *ūmḗtī
Baltic: *au-mō̃ (-men-es), *ā-mō̃ (-men-es)
Latin: audiō, -īre `höre, höre an, vernehme'
Russ. meaning: замечать, слушать
References: WP I 17 f
Comments: [Rather difficult to distinguish from *awǝ- `long, wish']
piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: яви́ть,
Near etymology: явлю́, яви́ться, объяви́ть, прояви́ть, въявь, наяву́, я́вный, укр. яви́ти, я́вний, блр. я́ва "явление", я́вля "появление", др.-русск. ıавити "показать, явить", ıавити сѧ "показаться, явиться", ıавѣ "ясно; определенно; открыто", явьнъ, ст.-слав. авити (Еuсh. Sin., Ассем.), вити δεικνύναι, φανεροῦν (Савв., Клоц., подробнее см. Дильс, Aksl. Gr. 76 и сл.), возвратн. φαίνεσθαι, авѣ, вѣ σαφῶς, δῆλον (и то и другое с Супр.), болг. яве "наяву", явя́ "показываю, говорю", сербохорв. jа́вити "объявлять", -- -се "заявлять о себе, появляться", наjа́ви "наяву", словен. jáviti "докладывать", -- -sе "показаться, появиться", чеш. jeviti "показать", v jev, nа jеv "открыто, публично", jevný "открытый", слвц. jаvit᾽ "показать", jаv "явление", польск. jawić "открыть", nа jaw, nа jawie "открыто", nа jawie "наяву", в.-луж. zjewić, н.-луж. zjawiś -- то же, полаб. vüöb-óvе "показывает".
Further etymology: Праслав. *aviti родственно лит. оvуjе "наяву", оvуtiеs "привидеться, присниться" (Даукша), лтш. âvîtiês "говорить глупости, вести себя глупо, бесчинствовать", др.-инд. āvíḥ "явный", авест. āvíš -- то же, āvīšуа- "явный"; см. Эндзелин, СБЭ 194; ИОРЯС 15, I, 216; М.--Э. I, 245; Френкель, IF 54, 126; ZfslPh 11, 36; Balticoslavica I, 225; Мейе, Dial. Ideur. 128; RЕS 6, 173; Мейе -- Вайан 507; Миккола, Ursl. Gr. I, 155. Лит. слово без достаточных оснований Бернекер (I, 34), Траутман (ВSW 21) считают заимств. из слав. Дальнейшие родственные связи с греч. αἰσθάνομαι "замечаю", ἀΐω "слышу", ἐπ-άϊστος "известный", лат. audiō, īrе "слышать"; оbоеdiō "повинуюсь" (В. Шульце, KZ 29, 251; Гуйер, LF 68, 79 и сл.; Фриск 48 и сл.) оспариваются Мейе -- Эрну (99). Сомнительна связь с я́сный, вопреки Микколе (Ursl. Gr. I, 165).
Pages: 4,540-541
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *au-mō̃ (-men-es), *ā-mō̃ (-men-es)
Meaning: understand, be awake
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Lithuanian: ōvīje 'im Wachen', ōvīti-s 'sich im Gesichte oder Traume sehen lassen'
Lithuanian: aumuõ 'Verstand, Begriff, Intellekt', ōmē̃, pl. ōmenis, ōmana(s), žem. (v)ōmins, ṓmīnē 'dass.'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-olith,baltet-lith,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 135
Root: au̯-8, au̯ēi-
English meaning: to perceive, understand
German meaning: `sinnlich wahrnehmen, auffassen'
Material: Ai. -avati mit ud- und pra- `aufmerken, beachten', aksl. umъ `Verstand' (Gdf. *au-mo-); hierzu toch. В om-palokoññe `meditation'? Anders Pedersen, Tochar. 223 Anm.

    ā̆u̯is-: dehnstufig ai. āvíṣ Adv. `offenbar, bemerkbar', av. āviš Adv. `offenbar, vorAugen' (npers. āškār `klar'; ai. āviṣṭya-ḥ, av. āvišya- `offenkundig'); aksl. avě, javě Adv. `kund, offenbar' (im Ausgang nach den Adjektivadverbien auf -ě umgebildet aus *avь, wovon:) aviti, javiti `offenbaren, kundmachen, zeigen' (lit. óvytis `sich im Traume sehen lassen' Lw. aus dem Slav.).

    Normalstufig: gr. αἰσθάνομαι, Aor. αἰσθέσθαι `wahrnehmen' (*αισ-θ-); lat. audiō `höre' aus *au̯iz-dh-, vgl. oboedio aus *ób-avizdhiō über *oboīdiō; gr. ἀί̄ω (Neubildg. zum Aor.ἐπ-ήισ(σ)α, ἄιον) `vernehme, höre' (*αισ-), ἐπάιστος `gehört, ruchbar, bekannt'.

    Hierher wohl hett. u-uḫ-ḫi `ich sehe', a--zi `sieht', а-ú-ri-iš (aus a-ú-wa-ri-) `Ausschau, Warte', iterat. ušk- `wiederholt sehen'.

References: WP. I 17, WH. I 80, Trautmann 21, Pedersen Hittitisch 172 f.
Pages: 78
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 5
Proto: *ajŋe
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: temple
German meaning: Schläfe
Finnish: aivo(t) 'Gehirn, Hirn; Schläfe, Schläfenbein', aivena 'Schlaf, Schlafbein'
Estonian: aju 'Gehirn, Verstand'
Saam (Lapp): vuoiŋȃš-, pl. vuoi'dŋȃšȃk 'brain' (N), vuoiŋam ~ vuoi'ŋam 'Gehirn' (L), vujvešn (Kld.), vuevešn (Not.) 'Gehirn'
Mordovian: uj (M) 'Mark, Gehirn'
Hungarian: agy 'Gehirn, Mark; Nabe; (altung.) Schädel'
Sammalahti's version: *ajŋi
Yukaghir parallels: abor 'Gehirn; brain'
References: FUV; SKES; MSzFgrE; TESz.; EtSz.; SzófSz.; Donn. VglWb 815; Paasonen Beitr. 31; Angere J. Die uralo-jukagirische Frage 50
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-ugr,uralet-samm2,uralet-yuk,uralet-lit,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *eṇ-
Meaning : to count
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *eṇ-
Proto-Telugu : *enn-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *eṇ-
Meaning : to think; to count
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : eṇ
Tamil meaning : thought, intention, deliberation, esteem, calculation, mathematics, number
Tamil derivates : eṇṇu (eṇṇi-) to think, consider, determine, esteem, conjecture, count, reckon, compute, set a price upon; eṇṇam thought, idea, respect, deliberation, anxiety, mathematics; eṇṇar, eṇṇalar mathematicians; eṇṇal intention, counting, deliberation; eṇṇikkai numbering, esteem, reverence; ēṇi number; ēṭal meaning, intention, thought
Malayalam : eṇ
Malayalam meaning : number, thought
Malayalam derivates : eṇṇam number, counting; eṇṇuka to count, number, esteem, relate; eṇṇikka to get counted, account for; n. counting
Kannada : eṇike, eṇṇike
Kannada meaning : counting, number, thinking, observation
Kannada derivates : eṇisu, eṇasu, eṇusu, eṇṇisu to add together, enumerate, count, estimate, appreciate, consider, think, plan, compare; eṇṇu to count, think
Kodagu : ëṇṇ- (ëṇṇi-)
Kodagu meaning : to say, tell
Tulu : eṇṇuni
Tulu meaning : to count, think, presume, expect
Tulu derivates : eṇṇige, eṇike, eṇe, eṇke calculation, estimation
Proto-Nilgiri : *eṇ-
Number in DED : 0793
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *eṇ-
Meaning : to count
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : öṇ- (öṇy-)
Additional forms : Also Toda öṇm (obl. öṇt-) counting, numbers
Number in DED : 793
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *enn-
Meaning : to count, reckon, think, believe, esteem, care for, criticize
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : ennu
Additional forms : Also ennika counting, number, esteem, regard, opinion, hope; encu to count, reckon, enumerate, think, consider, believe, judge, esteem
Number in DED : 793
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVNV
Meaning : understand, brain
Eurasiatic : *ʔVŋV
Afroasiatic : *ʔVngʷ- 'brain'
Sino-Caucasian : Cf. PST *ŋā 'know, be awake'
African (misc.) : Cf. Ijo *ine_i 'to be able'.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-afr,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔVngʷ- (Sem., Cush., Om., Chad.)
Meaning: brain
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Notes: ND 54.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-notes,

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